Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead

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"Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead" is a song in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. It is the centrepiece of several individual songs in an extended set-piece performed by the Munchkins, Glinda (Billie Burke) and Dorothy Gale. Highlighted by the Lollipop Guild consisting of Frankie Rumpf, Jaelen Hurst and Jesse-Carr was also sung by studio singers as being sung by the Winkie soldiers. It was composed by Harold Arlen, with the lyrics written by E. Y. Harburg. The group of songs celebrate the death of the Wicked Witch of the East when Dorothy's house is dropped on her by the tornado and the death of the Wicked Witch of the West after being splashed with water.

In 2004 "Ding-Dong! The Witch is Dead" finished at #82 in AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of the top tunes in American, cinema. In 2013, the song charted to #2 on the UK Singles Chart in the aftermath of the death of former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.


The sequence starts with Glinda encouraging the fearful Munchkins to "Come Out, Come Out, Wherever You Are" and meet Dorothy, who "fell from a star" named Kansas, so that "a miracle occurred". Dorothy begins singing, modestly explaining through descriptive phrasing that it "It Really Was No Miracle"; it was the wind that brought the apparent miracle. The Munchkins soon join in and sing joyfully, perhaps not really understanding how she got there, but happy at the result. Like several of the songs on the film's soundtrack, this one makes extensive use of rhyming wordplay, containing as many Hays Office-approved words rhyming with "witch" as the composers could think of: "itch", "which", "sitch"-uation, "rich", etc.

After a short interval in which two Munchkins present a bouquet to Dorothy, Glinda tells the Munchkins to "let the joyous news be spread" that "the wicked old witch at last is dead!" The Munchkins then sing the march-style number "Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead". After its one verse, there is another interruption, as the city officials need to determine if the witch is "undeniably and reliably dead". The coroner (Meinhardt Raabe) avers that she is, and the mayor reiterates Glinda's advice to the Munchkins to spread the news. The Munchkins oblige, and sing "Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead" again. As the Munchkin soldiers march, looking vaguely like toys, some trumpeters issue a fanfare very similar to the fanfare at the beginning of the "March of the Toys" from Babes in Toyland. This has a notable though perhaps unintended subtlety. In 1903, the operetta had been written to compete with an early and successful Broadway rendition of The Wizard of Oz. In addition, in 1934, there had been a film version of Babes in Toyland, which was presumably still recent in the memories of the audience.

In the next interval, three Munchkin girls in ballet outfits and dancing en pointe sing "We Represent the Lullaby League", and welcome Dorothy to Munchkinland. Immediately after, three tough-looking Munchkin boys sing "We Represent the Lollipop Guild", actually the same tune as "Lullaby League", and they similarly welcome Dorothy to Munchkinland, the center Munchkin (Jerry Maren) giving her a large round all-day sucker. The boys fade back into the crowd as they all come forward and begin singing and dancing "We Welcome You to Munchkinland".

The Munchkins sing and dance merrily, with "Tra-la-la-la-la-la-las", until the Wicked Witch of the West (Margaret Hamilton), the other witch's sister, bursts onto the scene in fire and brimstone, putting a sudden stop to the Munchkins' revelry, as her own well-known, sinister-sounding instrumental theme plays on the track.

Cutting room floor[edit]

There was to have been a reprise of the song, beginning "Hail Hail! The Witch is Dead", sung by the leader of the Winkies (the witch's guards) after the Wicked Witch of the West had been melted and the spell over them was broken, and the lead Winkie had given Dorothy the witch's broomstick. It was to be continued by the townspeople of the Emerald City, who would sing it in a medley along with a reprise of "The Merry Old Land Of Oz".

This song and its scenes were cut from the film, which instead jumps directly from the witch's castle (minus the singing Winkie) to the Wizard's throne room. Parts of the song's recording survived and were included in the Deluxe CD soundtrack. The film footage of the celebration is lost, with the exception of a short clip that was actually in the film's original theatrical trailer, though it had been cut from the film.

It was re-staged in the 1995 television stage production The Wizard of Oz in Concert: Dreams Come True, and also in the 2011 Andrew Lloyd Webber musical.


Nearly all of the Munchkin voices were dubbed in by uncredited voice actors, who sang in their normal voices at a specific tempo, and the recordings were electronically pitched up to create the Munchkin "voices" that the audience hears during playback. The Deluxe CD includes the actual voices of the three "Lollipop Guild" on-screen performers for contrast. According to the CD liner notes, the uncredited voice actors for certain segments were:

  • "The Lullaby League": Lorraine Bridges, Betty Rome and Carol Tevis.
  • "The Lollipop Guild": Billy Bletcher, Pinto Colvig, and Harry Stanton.
  • "Hail Hail the Witch Is Dead": Ken Darby (the arranger)

Bletcher and Colvig had previously performed voice work notably in Three Little Pigs, and would go on to do a significant amount of voice work for the Warner and Disney cartoon studios. Bletcher himself was a short man, at 5 feet 2 inches, though notably taller than the Munchkins he voiced.

Cover versions[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Death of Margaret Thatcher[edit]

Following the death of former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in 2013, a social media campaign, whose Facebook page had been set up in 2007,[8] emerged among anti-Conservative activists to encourage sales of the song so that it would chart on the UK Singles Chart;[9][10] the song reached #2 on the chart behind Duke Dumont and A*M*E's "Need U (100%)", and peaked atop the Scottish Singles Chart.[10][11]

Ruth Duccini and Jerry Maren, who portrayed Munchkins in the 1939 film, criticized the campaign, with Maren calling the efforts "shocking" and Duccini stating, "Nobody deserves to be treated in such a way. When we were filming the movie no one intended it to be used in this way. I am ashamed, I really am".[12] Due to the implication of its context as a celebration of Thatcher's death, BBC Radio 1 did not broadcast the song in its entirety during its countdown programme The Official Chart,[13][14] instead playing a Newsbeat report about the campaign. The campaign was countered by one involving "I'm in Love with Margaret Thatcher" (led by the lead singer of its performers, Notsensibles), which charted at number 35 alongside "Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead".[15][16][17]

"Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead" also holds the record for the Top 10 hit with the shortest ever runtime at 51 seconds, eclipsing two anti-Boris Johnson songs from the Christmas charts of 2020[18] and 2021, each available to download with playing times of 56 seconds (though the shortest playing Top 40 hit is a 36-second "The Ladies' Bras", a single by Jonny Trunk and Wisbey from 2007 ).[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Barbra Streisand Archives - Harold Sings Arlen (1966) - Out of Print Album, CD". barbra-archives.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Barbra Streisand Archives - Duets (2002 CD) - Manilow and Groban Duets". barbra-archives.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  3. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2013). Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles, 14th Edition: 1955-2012. Record Research. p. 295.
  4. ^ Reuters (Billboard article): McPhee's "Rainbow" hits OZ gold.
  5. ^ "45cat.com". 45cat.com. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  6. ^ Quotes at IMDB[better source needed]
  7. ^ "The Naked Gun 2 1/2: The Smell of Fear [retro review]". Mutant Reviewers. 2 December 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  8. ^ Hadley, Louisa (11 April 2014). Responding to Margaret Thatcher's Death. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 31. doi:10.1057/9781137428257. ISBN 978-1-137-42825-7. Even before Margaret Thatcher's death, there had been an online campaign to get 'Ding Dong the Witch is Dead!' to number one in the British music charts the week of Thatcher's death, with a Facebook page set up in 2007.
  9. ^ O'Carroll, Lisa (10 April 2013). "Thatcher's death prompts chart success for Ding Dong! The Witch Is Dead". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  10. ^ a b "Ding Dong! The Witch Is Dead enters chart at two". BBC News. 14 April 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  11. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  12. ^ "Wizard of Oz stars upset by use of song". 3news.co.nz. 15 April 2013. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014.
  13. ^ "R1 Chart show will not play full Margaret Thatcher song". BBC News. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  14. ^ O'Casrroll, Lisa (12 April 2013). "Ding dong, the ... BBC to cut Thatcher protest song short". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  15. ^ ""I'm In Love with Margaret Thatcher" anthem aiming to rival 'witch' song in charts". The Daily Telegraph. 12 April 2013. Archived from the original on 13 April 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  16. ^ "Ding Dong! The Witch Is Dead: what the BBC broadcast". The Guardian. 14 April 2013. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  17. ^ Sweney, Mark (3 December 2013). "BBC rejects complaint over 'censorship' of Margaret Thatcher protest song". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  18. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100: 25 December 2020 – 31 December 2020". Official Charts Company. 25 December 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  19. ^ Jones, Alan (24 December 2021). "Charts analysis: LadBaby secure unprecedented fourth Christmas No.1 in a row". Music Week. Retrieved 25 December 2021.