|Romanisation||Mandarin: Ding, Ting |
Korean: Jeong, Chung
In 2019 it was the 48th most common surname in Mainland China.
There are four main hypothesized sources of Ding:
- The earliest record of this surname in history was the Duke of Ding during the Shang Dynasty.
- The name derived from the ancestral surname Jiang. Duke Ding of Qi was the second recorded ruler of the State of Qi. After his death, his descendants adopted his posthumous name Ding as their clan name in his honor.
- During Spring and Autumn period, the descendants of Duke Ding of Song also used Ding as their last name.
- During the Three Kingdoms period, a general, Sun Kuang of the Wu kingdom, accidentally burnt the food supply and as a punishment, the king Sun Quan ordered this general to change his last name to Ding; the king did not want to bear the same last name as the general.
Hui ethnic group
Among the Hui Muslims, the surname Ding is thought to originate from the last syllable of the Arabic honorific "ud-Din" or "al-Din" (as in, for example, the name of the Bukharan Muslim Sayyid Ajjal Shams ud-Din (1210–1279; also spelled al-Din), who was appointed Governor of Yunnan by the Mongol Yuan dynasty).
Although some do not practise Islam, the Ding clan remains as one of the better-known Hui clans around Quanzhou, Fujian that still identify as Muslim. These Hui clans merely require descent form Arab, Persian, or other Muslim forebears, and they need not be Muslim. Due to their historical ancestors' religion, it is considered a taboo offer pork to ancestors of the Ding family; the living Ding family members themselves consume pork nonetheless.
One branch of this Ding (Ting) family descended from Sayyid Ajjal Shams al-Din Omar resides in Taisi Township, Yunlin County, Taiwan. They trace their descent through him via the Ding family from Quanzhou, Fujian. Although they feigned to be Han Chinese while in Fujian, they practised Islam when they originally arrived in Taiwan in the 1800s, soon thereafter building a mosque. In time, all their descendants have eventually converted to Buddhism or Taoism and the mosque built by the Ding family is currently a Taoist Temple.
The Ding family also has branches in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore among the diaspora Chinese communities there but no longer practise Islam; some maintain their Hui identity.
A Hui legend in Ningxia links four surnames common in the region — Na, Su, La, and Ding — with the descendants of Shams al-Din's son, Nasruddin, who "divided" their ancestor's name (in Chinese, Nasulading) among themselves.
- Ting, used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and the Philippines
- Đinh (Dinh), used in Vietnam
- Chung or Jeong, used in Korea
- Ding Chao (1883–1950s), military general
- Ding Feng (died 271), military general
- Ding Haichun (born 1954), vice admiral, deputy political commissar of the PLA Navy
- Ding Junhui (born 1987), snooker player
- Ding Kuiling (born 1966), chemist
- Ding Kung-wha (born 1953), Chairperson of Financial Supervisory Commission of the Republic of China (2016)
- Ding Laihang (born 1957), Commander of the PLA Air Force
- Ding Lei (born 1971), founder of NetEase
- Ding Ling (1904–1986), author
- Ding Liren (born 1992), chess grandmaster
- Ding Liang (丁亮) (born 1984), professor of nutrition studies at Harvard university
- Ding Ning (born 1990), table tennis player
- Ding Wei (born 1979), go player
- Ding Yanyuhang (born 1993), Chinese basketball player
- Ding Yixin (born 1991), women's grandmaster at chess
- Ding Zilin, Professor, currently the leader of the political pressure group Tiananmen Mothers.
- Samuel C. C. Ting (born 1936), Nobel Prize laureates in Physics, 1976.
- K. H. Ting (1915–2012), bishop and former Protestant leader in China
- Ding Richang (1813–1882), late Qing dynasty official, Governor of Jiangsu and Fujian
- Ding Ruchang (1836–1895), late Qing dynasty admiral in the First Sino-Japanese War
- Ding Sheng (1913–1999), general, Governor of Guangdong
- Ding Shisun (1927–2019), President of Peking University
- Ding Xieping (1938–2020), mathematician
- Ding Yi (born 1959), vice admiral, deputy commander of the PLA Navy
- Ding Yi (1927–2019), founder of Dongfang Electric
- Ding Yiping (born 1951), vice admiral, former deputy commander of the PLA Navy
- Chung Il-kwon (丁一權 정일권) (1917–1994), South Korean military general.
- Ding Hai, from the Hong Kong television series The Greed of Man
- Ding Lik, from the Hong Kong television series The Bund
- Ding Yau Kin, from the Hong Kong television series Looking Back in Anger
- Ding Yau Hong, from the Hong Kong television series Looking Back in Anger
- "新京报 - 好新闻，无止境".
- "Origin of the surname Ding".
- Kühner, Hans (2001). "The barbarians' writing is like worms, and their speech is like the screeching of owls": Exclusion and acculturation in the early Ming period". Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft. 151 (2). pp. 407–429. ISSN 0341-0137.; p. 414
- Angela Schottenhammer (2008). Angela Schottenhammer (ed.). The East Asian Mediterranean: Maritime Crossroads of Culture, Commerce and Human Migration. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 123. ISBN 978-3-447-05809-4. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Gladney, Dru C. (2004). Dislocating China: reflections on Muslims, minorities and other subaltern subjects. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 294. ISBN 1-85065-324-0.
- Robert W. Hefner (1998). Market cultures: society and morality in the new Asian capitalisms. Westview Press. p. 113. ISBN 0-8133-3360-1. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Dru C. Gladney (1996). Muslim Chinese: ethnic nationalism in the People's Republic. Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard Univ Asia Center. p. 286. ISBN 0-674-59497-5. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Dru C. Gladney (1996). Muslim Chinese: ethnic nationalism in the People's Republic. Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard Univ Asia Center. pp. 271–272. ISBN 0-674-59497-5. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Loa Iok-Sin / STAFF REPORTER (Aug 31, 2008). "FEATURE : Taisi Township re-engages its Muslim roots". Taipei Times. p. 4. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- Dillon, Michael (1999). China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Routledge. p. 22. ISBN 0-7007-1026-4.