Ding Shisun

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Ding Shisun
丁石孙
Vice Chairperson of the National People's Congress
In office
March 1998 – March 2008
ChairmanLi PengWu Bangguo
Chairman of China Democratic League
In office
November 1996 – December 2005
Preceded byFei Xiaotong
Succeeded byJiang Shusheng
President of Peking University
In office
March 1984 – August 1989
Preceded byZhang Longxiang
Succeeded byWu Shuqing
Personal details
Born(1927-09-05)September 5, 1927
Shanghai
DiedOctober 12, 2019(2019-10-12) (aged 92)
Beijing
Resting placeBabaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery
Political partyChina Democratic League, Communist Party of China
Spouse(s)Gui Linlin [zh]
Alma materUtopia University
Tsinghua University
OccupationAcademic administrator, politician
ProfessionMathematician
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Ding Shisun (Chinese: 丁石孙; September 5, 1927 – October 12, 2019) was a Chinese mathematician, academic administrator, and politician. He served as President of Peking University during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and was forced to resign afterwards. He later served as Chairman of the China Democratic League from 1996 to 2005 and Vice Chairperson of the National People's Congress.

Early life[edit]

Ding was born on September 5, 1927 in Shanghai, Republic of China, to Ding Jiacheng (丁家丞) and Liu Huixian (刘蕙仙),[1] with his ancestral home in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu.[2] He attended Utopia University in Shanghai from 1944 to 1947.[3] A participant in anti-government student activities, he was arrested by the Kuomintang government and expelled by the university. As a result, he moved north to Beijing and entered Tsinghua University in 1948.[4]

Early career[edit]

Ding graduated from the Department of Mathematics of Tsinghua University in 1950, after the founding of the People's Republic of China, and was hired by the university as an assistant professor. In 1952, he transferred to Peking University, where he later rose to lecturer and professor.[3]

During the Anti-Rightist Campaign in 1958, Ding sympathized with those denounced as "rightists". Although not labelled a rightist, he received administrative admonition and was expelled from the Communist Party of China in 1960.[4] His membership was later restored.[5] When the Cultural Revolution broke out in 1966, he was imprisoned and later sent to perform manual labour at a May Seventh Cadre School.[4]

After the end of the Cultural Revolution in 1976, Ding was politically rehabilitated and appointed vice chair of the Department of Mathematics of Peking University. He was promoted to chairman in 1980.[4]

President of Peking University[edit]

In 1982, Ding resigned as mathematics chair and went to Harvard University as a visiting scholar. While he was away in the United States, Peking University ran a poll in 1983 among senior faculty members to select its next president, and Ding received the most votes.[4]

In March 1984, Ding was appointed President of Peking University at the age of 57. As president, he implemented policies to reward faculty members who taught classes, especially foundational courses, withheld bonuses from those who did not teach, and dismissed those who could not teach or conduct significant research.[4] As president, Ding continued to teach the foundational course of Advanced Algebra.[4]

According to a report in Yanhuang Chunqiu, when Mao Xinyu, the grandson of Mao Zedong, graduated from high school in 1988, his mother Shao Hua tried to enroll him at Peking University. Ding rejected her request on the pretext that he could not guarantee Mao's safety among the liberal-minded students, and Mao ended up enrolling at Renmin University of China instead.[6][7]

During his tenure, Ding promoted the spirit of "democracy and science", but some of his reforms were thwarted by the government. In 1988, he submitted his resignation to Education Minister Li Tieying, but Li declined the request. When the Tiananmen Square protests erupted in April 1989, students of Peking University played a leading role and Ding did not prevent them from joining the protests. After the Chinese government cracked down on the protests in June 1989, Ding was forced to resign in August 1989.[6][7] He was replaced by Wu Shuqing, a vice president of Renmin University.[8]

In an interview with China Central Television, Ding described his tenure as president a failure, and said that he failed to transform Peking University into the ideal university he had envisioned.[4][7] However, the prominent scholar Ji Xianlin called Ding one of the two best presidents in the history of the university, together with Cai Yuanpei.[4][6]

Later career[edit]

On the invitation of Fei Xiaotong, Chairman of the China Democratic League (CDL), Ding became a full-time Vice Chairman of the CDL in 1993, although he continued to teach freshman mathematics at Peking University.[4]

In November 1996, Ding succeeded Fei as Chairman of the CDL. He became a Vice Chairperson of the National People's Congress in 1998, serving two terms until 2008. In December 2005, Ding retired as Chairman of CDL and became an honorary chairman.[3][4]

Death[edit]

Ding died on October 12, 2019 in Beijing, aged 92.[9] On October 17, he was buried in the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery.[10]

Personal life[edit]

In 1956, Ding married Gui Linlin [zh], a faculty member in the chemistry department of Peking University. Their wedding was held on the university campus and attended by many students and teachers.[11] They had a son.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 丁石孙年表 [Chronology of Ding Shisun] (PDF). Peking University. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  2. ^ "Biography of Ding Shisun". China Vitae. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Ding Shisun". People's Daily. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Xu Tian 徐天 (October 14, 2019). 丁石孙与他的北大往事. China News Week. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  5. ^ 丁石孙同志逝世. People's Daily (in Chinese). October 13, 2019. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c 前北大校长丁石孙去世 曾放任学生参加八九六四. Radio Free Asia (in Chinese). October 12, 2019. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Xiao Shan 小山 (October 13, 2019). 或涉六四与拒毛新宇 北大前校长丁石孙享93高寿逝世. Radio France International (in Chinese). Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  8. ^ "China Replaces Head of Beijing University". The New York Times. August 24, 1989. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  9. ^ Gong, Zhe (October 12, 2019). "Former PKU president, mathematician Ding Shisun passes away at 93". CGTN. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  10. ^ Zhang Bolin (张博麟), ed. (October 17, 2019). 丁石孙遗体在京火化 习近平等到八宝山革命公墓送别. ifeng (in Chinese). Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  11. ^ Wang Xuan (February 14, 2006). 王选回忆北大数学力学系的大学生活. People's Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  12. ^ Chen Dayue 陈大岳; Xu Zhongqin 许忠勤; Song Chunwei 宋春伟 (2017). 丁石孙与中国数学 [Ding Shisun and Mathematics in China]. Global Publishing. p. 61. ISBN 978-981-323-291-4.
Educational offices
Previous:
Zhang Longxiang (张龙翔)
President of Peking University
1984–1989
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Wu Shuqing
Party political offices
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Fei Xiaotong
Chairman of China Democratic League
1996–2005
Next:
Jiang Shusheng