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Dingal is an ancient Indian language written in Nagri script and having literature in prose as well as poetry. It is a language of very high tone and requires a specific style of speaking. It was primarily used by Charans to motivate the troops in Rajput armies by praising the martial exploits of Rajput and Charan war heroes. Several Rajput kings also wrote poems in Dingal, particularly Maharaja Man Singh Rathore (reign 1803-1843) of Marwar.

Actually it is neither a language nor a dialect. It is a mode of rendering poetry, a mode with a distinct flair of its own, a mode that has sprouted from the original Rajasthani and been shaped by historical events.

This language was being spoken and used for writing in present Rajasthan, Gujarat and Sindh of Pakistan. There are many Rajasthani poets and writers who have written in Dingal.

Dingal Poetry[edit]

Dingal Poetry[1][2] incorporates heroic writing on the heroes of Rajasthan, such as Prithviraj Chauhan and Prince Khoman of Mewar. It is an admixture of inter-regional languages. In Rajasthan such languages formed Pingal language (see below).

Thakur Nathu Singh Mahiyariya[edit]

He was born in a Charan family in princely state of Mewar. He wrote many books such as Veer Satsai, Hari Rani Shatak etc.

Babu Ramnarayan Dugar[edit]

Born in 1857 A.D. in an Oswal family, Babu Ramnarayan Dugar[3] was a prominent authority on Pingal language and was a close associate of Kaviraj Shyamaldasji, the author or Vir Vinod, the official history of rulers of Mewar. In later days he was associated with M.M. Ojha. His most prominent work is Hindi translation of Nainsi's khyat from Dingal language to Hindi.


Ingal[4] is an ancient Indian language, a form of Prakrit popular in Sindh and nearby areas.


Pingal[5] is an ancient and now extinct Indian language, it was a form of Prakrit popular in Rajasthan and nearby areas. In contrast to Dingal, which was primarily a language of warlike tone, Pingal was a "language of love" and softspoken.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Indian archives, Volume 25, page 49, 52
  2. ^ K. Ayyappapanicker, Medieval Indian literature: an anthology, Volume 3, page 141
  3. ^ R.K. Gupta, S.R. Bakshi, Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through The Ages The Heritage ..., page 145
  4. ^ K. Ayyappapanicker, Medieval Indian literature: an anthology, Volume 3, page 141
  5. ^ K. Ayyappapanicker, Medieval Indian literature: an anthology, Volume 3, page 143