Dingiso

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Dingiso[1]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Diprotodontia
Family: Macropodidae
Genus: Dendrolagus
Species:
D. mbaiso
Binomial name
Dendrolagus mbaiso
Dingiso range

The dingiso (/dɪŋˈɡz/) (Dendrolagus mbaiso), also known as the bondegezou, is an endangered, long-tailed marsupial found only in mountain forests on the west of the island of New Guinea (in Indonesia). It is a species of tree-kangaroo (genus Dendrolagus), which are mammals native to Australia and New Guinea that feed on leaves or other plant matter. It belongs to the macropodid family (Macropodidae) with kangaroos, and carries its young in a pouch like most other marsupials. Though sacred to the local Moni people, it is still threatened by hunting and habitat loss.[2]

The species name mbaiso means "the forbidden animal" in Moni.

Distribution[edit]

The marsupial lives in sub-alpine forests in the Sudirman Range in Central Papua and Highland Papua in Western New Guinea. It lives just below the tree line, at elevations of 3,250–4,200 metres (10,660–13,780 ft).

The species was first filmed for an episode of the BBC documentary South Pacific TV series in 2009, after 11 days of searching with local Moni tribesmen.

According to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the dingiso inhabits mossy forests and shrubland and is "found in rugged areas".[3]

Description[edit]

The dingiso has a distinctive pattern of black and white fur, it has a white belly, and a black head, back and limbs. Unlike other tree kangaroos, it spends little time in the trees.

Taxonomy[edit]

Dendrolagus mbaiso was formally described to science in 1995 by Australian Museum zoologist Tim Flannery, Indonesian zoologist Boeadi, and Australian anthropologist Alexandra Szalay.[4]

Behavior[edit]

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species states that the dingiso is mainly terrestrial and "very docile".[3]

Conservation[edit]

The dingiso remains common in the west because of the protection conferred on it by the Moni people. For many Moni, it is an ancestor which must never be harmed. Nonetheless, Dendrolagus mbaiso is an IUCN Red Listed Endangered species.

Julie Boswell lists "hunting for food, habitat loss, increasing human populations, agricultural stresses, and climate change" as the main threats that the dingiso faces.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 60. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b Leary, T.; Seri, L.; Wright, D.; Hamilton, S.; Helgen, K.; Singadan, R.; Menzies, J.; Allison, A.; James, R.; Dickman, C.; Aplin, K.; Flannery, T.; Martin, R.; Salas, L. (2016). "Dendrolagus mbaiso". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T6437A21956108. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T6437A21956108.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  3. ^ a b Leary, T.; Seri, L.; Wright, D.; Hamilton, S.; Helgen, K.; Singadan, R.; Menzies, J.; Allison, A.; James, R.; Dickman, C.; Aplin, K.; Flannery, T.; Martin, R.; Salas, L. (2016). "Dingiso". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved December 2, 2022.
  4. ^ Flannery, T. F., Boeadi, and A. L. Szalay. (1995). "A new tree-kangaroo (Dendrolagus: Marsupialia) from Irian Jaya, Indonesia, with notes on ethnography and the evolution of tree-kangaroos." Mammalia 59:1 65-84.
  5. ^ Boswell, Julie (2019-04-05). "Endangered Species Spotlight: Dingiso". Environmental Advanced Sciences. Retrieved 2022-12-03.

External links[edit]