Dingzhou

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Dingzhou
定州市
Sub-prefecture-level city
Location in Baoding
Location in Baoding
Dingzhou is located in Hebei
Dingzhou
Dingzhou
Location in Hebei
Coordinates: 38°31′N 114°59′E / 38.517°N 114.983°E / 38.517; 114.983Coordinates: 38°31′N 114°59′E / 38.517°N 114.983°E / 38.517; 114.983
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hebei
Prefecture-level city Baoding
Area
 • Sub-prefecture-level city 1,274 km2 (492 sq mi)
 • Urban 25 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation 58 m (189 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Sub-prefecture-level city 1,200,000
 • Density 940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Urban 216,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 073000
Area code(s) 0312
License Plate Prefix 冀F
Website www.dingzhou.gov.cn
Dingzhou
Chinese 定州
Postal Tingchow
Literal meaning [Seat of] Ding ("Orderly") Prefecture
Former names
Lunu
Traditional Chinese 廬奴
Simplified Chinese 庐奴
Boling
Chinese 博陵
Dingxian
Traditional Chinese 定縣
Simplified Chinese 定县
Postal Tingsien
Literal meaning [Seat of] Ding ("Orderly") County

Dingzhou, formerly romanized as Tingchow, is a county-level city with sub-prefecture-level city status, located in Baoding in the southwest of Hebei Province in northern China. As of 2009, Dingzhou had a population of 1.2 million. Dingzhou has 3 subdistricts, 13 towns, 8 townships, and 1 ethnic township.[1] Dingzhou is about halfway between Baoding and Shijiazhuang, 196 kilometers (122 mi) southwest of Beijing, and 68 kilometers (42 mi) northeast of Shijiazhuang.

History[edit]

Dingzhou was originally known as Lunu in early imperial China.[2] A tomb about 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) southwest of Dingzhou from 55 BCE was discovered and excavated in 1973. It contained several fragments of Han literature, including manuscripts of Confucius's Analects, the Taoist Wenzi, and the Six Secret Teachings, a military treatise.[citation needed]

Dingzhou took its present name around 400 CE when it became the seat of Ding Prefecture under the Northern Wei, displacing the earlier An Prefecture.[2] In the mid-6th century, its territory held 834,211 people living in 177,500 households.[2] Under the Sui, the seat of Boling Commandery at present-day Anping was renamed "Gaoyang". In 607, Dingzhou then became the eponymous seat of a new Boling commandery and retained that name and status under the Tang[3] until it returned to the name Dingzhou between 621 and 742 and again after 758.[2] Its territory held only 86,869 people in 25,637 households in 639 but recovered to 496,676 people in 78,090 households by 742.[2]

In 1055, under the Song, the city became the home of the 84-meter-tall (276 ft) Liaodi Pagoda, which is today China's tallest surviving pre-modern pagoda.

Under the early Republic, it was known as Dingxian (then romanized "Tingsien" or "Ting Hsien") from its status as the seat of Ding County. From 1926 to 1937, the county was the site of the National Association of Mass Education Movement's Ting Hsien Experiment of the Rural Reconstruction Movement. In the 1990s, the New Rural Reconstruction Movement maintained a training and outreach center.

Administrative divisions[edit]

[1] Towns:

Townships:

Transportation[edit]

Dingzhou is one of the transportation hubs in North China.

Railroads[edit]

Highways[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b 定州市-行政区网
  2. ^ a b c d e Xiong (2017), "Dingzhou".
  3. ^ Xiong, Victor Cunrui (2017), "Boling", Historical Dictionary of Medieval China, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, p. 69, ISBN 9781442276154 .

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sidney D. Gamble, Foreword by Y.C. James Yen. Field work directed by Franklin Ching-han Lee. Ting Hsien, a North China Rural Community (New York: International Secretariat Institute of Pacific Relations, 1954; rpr Stanford University Press, 1968). xxv, 472p. 54009009. Sociological survey conducted in the 1920s and early 1930s.

External links[edit]