Hyde's House lodge building
|Population||696 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Dinton is a village, civil parish and former manor in Wiltshire, England, in the Nadder valley on the B3089 road about 8 miles (13 km) west of Salisbury. The population was 696 at the 2011 census. The civil parish encompasses the small village of Baverstock, about 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Dinton village.
The northern boundary of the parish follows a prehistoric ditch boundary, known as Grim's Ditch, through downland overlooking the Wylye valley further north. Hanging Langford Camp, an Iron Age settlement, is just beyond the parish boundary. The hillfort known as Wick Ball Camp lies near the western boundary of the parish, partly within Dinton Park.
A Roman road from the Mendip lead mines to Old Sarum passed east-west, just south of the ditch. The Domesday Book of 1086 recorded a settlement of 37 households at Dinton, held by Shaftesbury Abbey.
After the Dissolution in 1540, much of Dinton's land was acquired by the Earls of Pembroke; later other land was purchased by the Wyndham family, who created Dinton Park. All Pembroke and Wyndham land was sold in the 20th century.
Dinton had a school from an early date, with some 80 children attending in 1818. A National School was built in 1872 and took children of all ages until 1935, when those over 11 transferred to Wilton. The school became a Church of England voluntary controlled school in 1945.
The Salisbury and Yeovil Railway was built across the parish in 1859, passing to the south of Dinton and Baverstock. Dinton station was south-west of the village, on a lane towards Fovant. The station was closed in 1966. A branch called the Fovant Military Railway, 2 1⁄2 miles (4.0 km) in length, ran south from near the station to the military camps around Fovant; it was opened in 1915 and closed in 1920.
In 1934 the parish was extended eastwards to absorb the ancient parish of Baverstock. Before, during and after the Second World War, the area was used for storage of military equipment and ammunition; some of these premises were outposts of RAF Chilmark.
St Mary, Dinton
The Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin, which was begun in the late 12th century, is a Grade I listed building. The north doorway survives from the earliest work, while the rest of the church is largely from the 13th and 14th centuries. Restoration by William Butterfield in 1873–75 included the addition of the south vestry and north porch. The tower has six bells; one is from the 14th century and two from the 16th.
Until the Dissolution, Dinton was a prebend of Shaftesbury Abbey. St Edward's at Teffont Magna was a chapelry of Dinton until 1922. Today the church is part of the Nadder Valley team ministry, which also encompasses Baverstock and Teffont.
St Editha, Baverstock
Three listed houses are now in the ownership of the National Trust.
Hyde's House, near Dinton church, is a Grade I listed former rectory, an early 18th-century rebuilding of an earlier house. Together with Philipps House and Dinton Park, it was given to the National Trust by Bertram Philips in 1943.
Philipps House, formerly Dinton House, was built in 1816 by William IV Wyndham (1769–1841) to the designs of Sir Jeffry Wyatville, replacing a 17th-century house. The house stands in formal gardens and parkland known as Dinton Park. In 1916 the estate was bought by Bertram Philipps, who renamed the house after himself.
Little Clarendon, also Grade II* listed, is a late 17th-century former farmhouse. The house was restored in the early 20th century by George Herbert Engleheart (died 1936), a noted breeder of daffodils; his widow gave the house to the National Trust in 1940.
The Monarch's Way long-distance footpath crosses the parish north of Dinton, leaving via Grovely Wood.
Descent of the manor
The manor of Dinton together with Over Teffont (now Teffont Magna) were possessions of Shaftesbury Abbey from before the Norman Conquest of England until, following the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the manor passed rapidly through the hands of various Tudor property speculators. It was granted in 1540 to Sir Thomas Arundell (died 1552), who immediately sold it, having obtained a licence of alienation, to Matthew Colthurst, who sold it to William Green of Heale, in Woodford.
In 1547 the entire manor obtained a long-term owner when it was granted to Sir William Herbert (1501–1570), later 1st Earl of Pembroke. The manor remained part of the latter's nearby estate of Wilton until 1918, when it was sold in lots and dismembered.
Descent of subsidiary estates
The rectory and advowson of Dinton were sold in 1585 by Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1534–1601) to Lawrence Hyde I (d. 1590) of West Hatch, MP for Heytesbury in 1584 whose eldest son Robert Hyde I sold them in 1594 to his brother Sir Lawrence Hyde II (1562–1641), attorney-general to Anne of Denmark, wife of King James I. They were inherited by the latter's son Sir Robert Hyde II (d.1665), Chief Justice of Common Pleas, who died without surviving issue when the properties became the inheritance of his nephew, Robert Hyde III (d.1722), son of Alexander Hyde, Bishop of Salisbury. Robert III died without progeny and he bequeathed the rectory and advowson to his cousin Rev. Robert Hyde IV (d.1723), a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, to which college he bequeathed the properties, and which retained them until 1950 when they were conveyed to the Bishop of Salisbury.
The brother of Sir Lawrence Hyde II, lay rector of Dinton, was Henry Hyde (c.1563–1634), MP, father of the statesman Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (1609–1674), who was born at Dinton. The estate of Little Clarendon is situated within the parish of Dinton, and was apparently the origin of the appellation he chose for his earldom. Henry Hyde appears to have leased the rectory and advowson of Dinton from his brother, and it was probably in the rectory house that the future Earl of Clarendon was born. Henry Hyde moved away to Purton between 1623 and 1625.
The descent of another estate in Dinton in the Wyndham family was as follows:
- William I Wyndham (1659–1734). The manor was purchased in 1689 by William I Wyndham (1659–1734), 3rd son of Sir Wadham Wyndham (1609–1668), of Norrington, Wiltshire, a judge of the King's Bench, 9th son of Sir John Wyndham (1558–1645) of Orchard Wyndham, Somerset. William I married Henrietta Stratford, a daughter and co-heiress of Henry Stratford of Hawling, Gloucestershire.
- William II Windham (died 1762), eldest son, inherited Dinton from his father and Hawling from his mother. He married Barbara Smith, daughter and heiress of Michael Smith of Stanton St Bernard, Wiltshire.
- William III Wyndham (died 1786), eldest son, of Dinton and Hawling, a pioneer in agricultural improvement. He married in 1767 Elizabeth Heathcote (died 1809), a daughter of Sir Thomas Heathcote, 2nd Baronet(1721–1787), of Hursley Park, Southampton.
- William IV Wyndham (1769–1841), eldest son, of Dinton. He inherited the manor of Norrington from his Wyndham cousin, descended from the eldest son of the judge Sir Wadham Wyndham (died 1668). He married in 1794 Laetitia Popham (died 1837), daughter of Alexander Popham, a Master in Chancery. In 1816 he built the present house to the designs of Sir Jeffry Wyattville.
- William V Wyndham (1796–1862), of Dinton, eldest son, JP, DL, MP for Wiltshire South 1852–1859. He married in 1831 Ellen Heathcote (died 1883), eldest daughter of Rev. Samuel Heathcote of Bramshaw Hill, Hampshire.
- William VI Wyndham (1834–1914), eldest son, JP, DL, of Dinton. He was heir male to his grandfather under the will of his distant cousin George Francis Wyndham (1786–1845) (who shared common descent from Sir John Wyndham (1558–1645) of Orchard Wyndham), following the death in 1876 of the 4th Earl's widow, who had retained a life interest in the estate. He thus inherited the ancient family manor of Orchard Wyndham. He married in 1867 Frances Ann Stafford (died 1934), second daughter of Rev. Charles James Stafford, vicar of Dinton.
- William VII Wyndham (born 1868), eldest son, JP, of Orchard Wyndham. He sold Dinton in 1916 to Bertram Philipps.
- "Dinton Census Information". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 8, Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds, pp25-34 – Dinton". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Grim's Ditch (1005606)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Hanging Langford camp and Church-end Ring (1005602)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Wick Ball Camp, The Common (1005673)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- Dinton in the Domesday Book
- "Dinton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- "Dinton Church of England VC Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- Oakley, Mike (2004). Wiltshire Railway Stations. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press. pp. 56–57. ISBN 1904349331.
- "Fovant Military Railway". Fovant History Interest Group. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- Crowley, D. A. (ed.). "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 13 pp114-125 – Parishes: Chilmark". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary the Virgin (1146120)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- "Dinton, St Mary". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- "St Mary, Dinton". A Church Near You. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Church of St Edith of Wilton (1283631)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Hydes House with attached walls and gatepiers (1146122)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Phillips House (1318756)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Dinton Park (1001231)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Little Clarendon (1146116)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- History of Parliament biography of Lawrence Hyde I
- Wanderings in Wessex by Edric Holmes., Chapter X. Available as a Project Gutenberg ebook.
- Burke's Landed Gentry, 1937, p.2511, pedigree of Wyndham
- Burke's LG
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