Roman Catholic Diocese of Cagli-Pergola
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The diocese of Cagli e Pergola was a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in the Marche, central Italy, in the province of Pesaro and Urbino. Up until 1563 it was under the direct supervision of the Roman pontiff. In that year, the diocese of Urbino was elevated to metropolitan status, and Cagli became a suffragan see of Urbino. The diocese was abolished as an independent entity in 1986, when it was incorporated into the diocese of Fano-Fossombrone-Cagli-Pergola. It was still a suffragan of the archdiocese of Urbino.
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Bishop Egidio (1243–59) had many controversies with the municipality of Gubbio. Under his successor the Ghibellines revolted against the papal power. After the death of Bishop Jacopo (1276), the Ghibelline canons wished to elect a noble, Berardo Berardi, while the Guelphs elected Rinaldo Sicardi, Abbot of San Pietro di Massa. As a result the see remained vacant for some years. Finally Berardo was made bishop of Osimo, and Sicardi died, whereupon a certain Guglielmo was elected bishop (1285). Civil discords, however, did not cease, and after a terrible massacre, Cagli was burned by its own citizens.
It was afterwards rebuilt on the plain of St. Angelo, and Pope Nicholas IV named it St. Angelo of the Pope (S. Angelo papale). Later on, however, the original name of Cagli was substituted.
In 1297 the first stone of the cathedral was laid by the Bishop Lituardo Cervati, and in 1398 Niccolò Marciari brought the building to completion. In 1503 the partisans of Cesare Borgia killed the Franciscan bishop Gasparo Golfi. His successor, a Spanish Dominican, Ludovico di Lagoria, was nearly killed by the people.
End of the diocese
In a decree of the Second Vatican Council, it was recommended that dioceses be reorganized to take into account modern developments. A project begun on orders from Pope John XXIII, and continued under his successors, was intended to reduce the number of dioceses in Italy and to rationalize their borders in terms of modern population changes and shortages of clergy. The change was made urgent because of changes made to the Concordat between the Italian State and the Holy See on 18 February 1984, and embodied in a law of 3 June 1985. The reorganization was approved by Pope John Paul II in an audience of 27 September 1986, and by a decree of the Sacred Congregation of Bishops of the Papal Curia on 30 September 1986. The diocese of Fano was united to the dioceses of Cagli e Pergola and of Fossombrone. Its name was to be Fanensis-Forosemproniensis-Calliensis-Pergulanus. The seat of the diocese was to be in Fano. The former cathedral in Cagli and the former cathedral in Fossombrone were to have the honorary title of co-cathedral, and their chapters were to be called the "Capitulum Concathedralis". There was to be only one episcopal curia, one seminary, one ecclesiastical tribunal; and all the clergy were to be incardinated in the diocese of Fano-Fossombrone-Caglia-Pergola. The combined diocese was suffragan of the Archdiocese of Urbino-Urbania-Sant'Angelo in Vado. The diocese of Cagli ceased to exist.
Diocese of Cagli
Erected: 4th Century
Latin Name: Calliensis
Metropolitan: Archdiocese of Urbino (from 1563)
- Gratianus (ca. 359)
- Viticianus (ca. 500) 
- Anastasius (ca. 731)
- Rodulphus (ca. 761)
- Luitulphus ( – 1045)
- Marcus (by 1050 – 1058)
- Hugo, O.S.B. (1059 – 1128)
- Quiricus (1128 – 1156)
- Ranerius, O.S.B (1156 – 1175)
- Allodericus (ca. 1175 – 1211)
- Anselmus (1217 – )
- Albertus (1229 – )
- Aegidius, O.S.B. (1233 – 1259)
- Thomas Morandus, O.P. (1259 – 1265)
- Hugolinus Acquaviva (1266 – ca. 1269)
- Jacobus (1270 – 1276)
- Giovanni Buono de Lutiis (3 November 1413 – 1429)
- Genesius da Parma (7 December 1429 – 1439)
- Antonio Severini (14 Dec 1439 - 15 Jul 1444 Appointed, Bishop of Gubbio)
- Simone Pauli (14 Oct 1444 - Oct 1460 Died)
- Bartolomeo Torelli, O.P. (23 Jul 1494 - 1496 Died)
- Gaspare Golfi, O.F.M. (5 May 1498 - 1503 Died)
- Ludovico de Lagoria, O.P. (8 Mar 1503 - 13 Feb 1504 Appointed, Bishop of Lavello)
- Bernardino de Leis, C.R.L. (23 Feb 1504 - 6 Jan 1506 Died)
- Antonio Castriani (Antonio Crastini), O.F.M. (17 Mar 1506 - 21 May 1507 Appointed, Bishop of Montefeltro)
- Giorgio Benigno Salviati, O.F.M. (21 May 1507 - 1513 Appointed, Titular Archbishop of Nazareth)
- Tommaso Albini (Tommaso Albizi), O.P. ( 1513 - 1524 Resigned)
- Cristoforo Guidalotti Ciocchi del Monte (10 Feb 1525 - 27 Jun 1550 Appointed, Bishop of Marseille)
- Giovanni Ciocchi del Monte (27 Jun 1550 - 10 Aug 1554 Died)
- Cristoforo Guidalotti Ciocchi del Monte (9 Mar 1556 - 27 Oct 1564 Died)
- Giovanni Battista Torleoni (7 Feb 1565 - 20 Jul 1567 Died)
- Paolo Maria della Rovere (8 Oct 1567 - 1591 Died)
- Ascanio Libertano (Ascanio Libertani) (19 Jul 1591 - 10 Mar 1607 Died)
- Timocrate Aloigi (Democrate Aloisi) (14 May 1607 - 17 Feb 1610 Died)
- Filippo Bigli (Bili), C.R. (17 May 1610 - 24 Aug 1629 Died)
- Giovanni Francesco Passionei (3 Dec 1629 - 27 Nov 1641 Appointed, Bishop of Pesaro)
- Pacifico Trani (Trasi), O.F.M. (24 Mar 1642 - 31 Dec 1659 Died)
- Castracane De' Castracani (5 May 1660 - 17 Oct 1669 Died)
- Andrea Tamantini (6 Oct 1670 - Mar 1685 Died)
- Giulio Giacomo Castellani, O.S.A. (1 Apr 1686 - Jan 1694 Died)
- Benedetto Luperti (19 Apr 1694 - 23 Sep 1709 Died)
- Alfonso De' Bellincini (7 Apr 1710 - 12 Jun 1721 Died)
- Gianfrancesco De’ Bisleti (24 Sep 1721 - 9 Dec 1726 Appointed, Bishop of Segni)
- Girolamo Maria Allegri, O.S.M. (9 Dec 1726 - 5 Jul 1744 Died)
- Silvestro Lodovico Paparelli (7 Sep 1744 - 6 Oct 1754 Died)
- Lodovico Agostino Bertozzi (16 Dec 1754 - 20 Sep 1802 Died)
- Alfonso Cingari (31 Mar 1806 - 14 Jun 1817 Died)
- Carlo Monti (25 May 1818 - 7 Jan 1842 Died)
Diocese of Cagli e Pergola
Name Changed: 18 January 1819
Latin Name: Calliensis e Pergulanus
Metropolitan: Archdiocese of Urbino
- Bonifacio Cajani (22 Jul 1842 - 9 Jun 1863 Died)
- Francesco Andreoli (21 Dec 1863 - 9 May 1875 Died)
- Luigi Raffaele Zampetti (5 Jul 1875 - 29 Sep 1876}
- Gioachino Cantagalli (29 Sep 1876 - 10 Nov 1884 Appointed, Bishop of Faenza)
- Giovanni Battista Scotti (10 Nov 1884 - 18 May 1894
- Giuseppe Maria Aldanesi (18 Mar 1895 - 16 May 1906 Resigned)
- Ettore Fronzi (12 Sep 1908 - 14 Dec 1918 Appointed, Archbishop of Camerino)
- Augusto Curi (23 Dec 1918 - 5 May 1925 Appointed, Archbishop of Bari-Canosa)
- Giuseppe Venturi (9 Jul 1926 - 18 Feb 1931 Appointed, Archbishop of Chieti)
- Filippo Mantini (22 Jun 1931 - 13 Mar 1939 Died)
- Raffaele Campelli (8 Aug 1939 - 15 Jan 1977 Retired)
- Costanzo Micci (15 Jan 1977 - 4 Sep 1985 Died)
- Mario Cecchini (11 Feb 1986 - 30 Sep 1986 Appointed, Bishop of Fano-Fossombrone-Cagli-Pergola)
- Ughelli, p. 810.
- Cheney, David M. "Diocese of Cagli e Pergola". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved March 25, 2018.self-published
- Chow, Gabriel. "Diocese of Cagli". GCatholic.org. Retrieved March 25, 2018.self-published
- Directoriae normae clare a Concilio impertitae de dioecesium recognitione; indicia atque elementa apta ad actionem pastoralem aestimandam ab episcopis suppeditata quibus plurium dioecesium regimen commissum est.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis An. et Vol. LXXIX (Città del Vaticano: Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1987), pp. 701-704.
- Bishop Gratianus, the first recorded bishop of Cagli, was present at the Council of Rimini in 359. Bricci, Francesco (1641). Delli annali della città di Cagli. Libro primo. Doue si tratta de'progressi,&auuenimenti d'essa e suoi cittadini, etc (in Italian and Latin). Libro primo. Urbino: Apud A. Ghisonum. p. 18. Ughelli, II, p. 811. Cappelletti, VIII, p. 236.
- Viticanus was present at the council of Rome of Pope Symmachus. J. D. Mansi, Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio editio novissima. Tomus VIII (Florence 1762), p. 252. Ughelli, p. 811. Cappelletti, p. 236.
- Anastasius attended the council of Rome held against the Iconoclasts. Cappelletti, p. 236, citing Anastasius Bibliothecarius in his "Life of Gregory III". Gams, p. 677.
- Rodulphus was present at the synod of 761 held by Pope Paul I. Mansi, Tomus XII (Florence 1766), p. 649. Cappelletti, p. 236-237. Gams, p. 677.
- Luitulphus resigned his see to become a hermit, according to Peter Damianus (Book I, epistle 9=J.P. Migne (ed.) Patrologiae Latinae Tomus CXLV, (Paris 1867), pp. 423-442, at p. 437). Cappelletti, p. 238.
- Marcus is also called Azzo. Gams, p. 678.
- Hugo was present at the Roman Council of Nicolaus II in 1059. Mansi, Tomus XIX (Venice 1774), pp. 911-912. Ughelli, p. 812. Cappelletti, p. 238.
- Quircus was a native of Cagli, and a Canon of the Cathedral. Ughelli, p. 812.
- Ranerius was transferred to Split (Dalmatia), where he was killed by some Slavs (1180) for having claimed for the church lands occupied by them. He died 4 August 1180. Ughelli, pp. 812-814. Cappelletti, pp. 239-240, quoting from a manuscript in the archive of the Cathedral of Split.
- Allodericus was present at the Lateran Council of 1179 under Pope Alexander III. Ughelli, p. 814. Mansi, Tomus XXII , p. 459 (Note that Allodericus signs along with the bishops directly subject to the Holy See).
- Anselmus was consecrated by Pope Honorius III in his second year on the papal throne. Eubel, I, p. 158, with note 1.
- Gams, p. 678.
- Morandi was a native of Florence. He was transferred to Fano on 4 October 1265. Cappelletti, pp. 244-245. Gams, p. 678. Eubel, I, p. 158 and 245.
- Ugo was a native of Cagli, and a Canon of the Cathedral. Cappelletti, pp. 244-245.
- It was under Bishop Jacopo that the struggle began between the Guelph and Ghibbeline Canons for control over the election of bishops. Cappelletti, p. 1245.
- Giovanni Buono was a citizen and Canon of Cagli. He was an appointment of Pope John XXIII of the Pisan Obedience, following the resignation of his predecessor. Ughelli, II, p. 820. Cappelletti, p. 249.
- Genesio was a native of Parma, and had been Provost of the Cathedral Chapter of Fano. In 1435 and 1436 he was Vicar of the City of Rome. He had the campanile of the Cathedral of Cagli erected. Eubel, I, p. 158 with note 8. Cappelletti, p. 249.
- Eubel, Konrad (1914). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi. Vol. II. p. 151.
- "Bishop Antonio Severini" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved October 7, 2016. Severini was a native of Urbino and had been Abbot Commendatory of Monte Nuovo. Cappelletti, p. 249.
- "Bishop Bernardino de Leis, C.R.L." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved October 7, 2016. De Lais had previously been Bishop of Lavello: Eubel, III, pp. 147 and 220.
- A priest of Ancona, Torleoni held the degree Doctor in utroque iure (Doctor of Civil and Canon Law): Eubel, III, p. 147.
- "Bishop Ascanio Libertano (Libertani)" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
- Tamantini was born in Rome. He held the degree Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law) from the University of Rome, La Sapienza (1643). He was consecrated in Rome by Cardinal Francesco Barberini on 28 October 1670. Ritzler, V, p. 137 with note 2.
- "Giulio Giacomo Castellani, O.S.A." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 15, 2016. Ritzler, V, p. 137 with note 3.
- Luperti was a native of Cagli. He was a Doctor in utroque iure, and Vicar-General of the diocese of Aix when he was named Bishop of Cagli. Ritzler, V, p. 137 with note 4.
- Bellincini was a native of Modena. He held a doctorate in philosophy and theology from the Collegio Romano. Ritzler, V, p. 137 with note 5.
- Bisleti was Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law) from the University of Rome, La Sapienza (1700), and was serving as Vicar-General of the diocese of Terracina. He was consecrated in Rome by Cardinal Giovanni Bussi on 5 October 1721. Ritzler, V, p. 137 with note 6.
- On 13 February 1742 Bishop Allegri was granted a Vicar Apostolic to carry out his episcopal functions, due to illness. Ritzler, V, p. 137 with note 7; VI, p. 140 note 2.
- Paparelli was born in Ascoli. He was Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law) from the University of Rome, La Sapienza (1744), and lectured in theology in Offida (diocese of Ascoli) and in Rome. He was serving as Archpriest of the Basilica of S. Maria ad Martyres (Pantheon). Ritzler, VI, p. 140 with note 3.
- Bertozzi, a native of Fano, was Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law) from the University of Macerata. He had been theological Canon in the Cathedral of Fano. He was consecrated in Rome on 29 December 1754 by Cardinal Federico Lante. Ritzler, VI, p. 141 with note 4.
- Gams, p. 678.
- Cajani was born in Gualdo Tadino in the diocese of Nocera. He had been Vicar Apostolic of Cagli and Pergola before his appointment as bishop. He was Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law). Il cattolico giornale religioso-letterario (in Italian). Volume 19. Lugano: Francesco Veladini. 1842. p. 132.
- Andreoli had been Vicar General of the diocese before becoming its bishop.
- Zampetti had been a priest of Loreto, and Vicar Capitular of Pergola. He was appointed Bishop of Rimini)
- Scotti was appointed Bishop of Osimo e Cingoli on 18 May 1894. He died on 5 December 1916.
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1914). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.); Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo (in Latin). Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz.
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- Ughelli, Ferdinando; Coleti, Niccolo (1717). Italia sacra sive de Episcopis Italiae, et insularum adjacentium (in Latin). Tomus secundus (2) (secunda ed.). Venice: Apud Sebastianum Coleti. pp. 808–826.
- Cappelletti, Giuseppe (1845). Le Chiese d'Italia dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni (in Italian). Volume terzo (3). Venezia: Antonelli. pp. 233–263.
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- Schwartz, Gerhard (1907). Die Besetzung der Bistümer Reichsitaliens unter den sächsischen und salischen Kaisern: mit den Listen der Bischöfe, 951-1122. Leipzig: B.G. Teubner. pp. 241-242. (in German)