Roman Catholic Diocese of Nitra

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Diocese of Nitra
Dioecesis Nitriensis
Biskupstvo Nitra
Nitra St Emmeram from above.jpg
Location
Country Slovakia
Territory Nitra Region, parts of the Trenčín Region
Ecclesiastical province Bratislava
Metropolitan Nitra
Statistics
Area 5,932 km2 (2,290 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
710,900
587,000 (82.6%)
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established June 880
Cathedral St. Emmeram's Cathedral in Nitra
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Viliam Erb Judák
Emeritus Bishops Sede vacante
Map
250px
Map of the Diocese
Website
biskupstvo-nitra.sk

The Diocese of Nitra (Slovak: Nitrianska diecéza, Latin: Dioecesis Nitriensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese western Slovakia, with its seat in Nitra. The current bishop is Viliam Judák.

History[edit]

The diocese was created as the first one on the territory of present-day Slovakia around 880 (from the Diocese of Regensburg), during the time of Great Moravia. Its first bishop was the Saint Methodius. Its destiny after the fall of Great Moravia isn't known. It was re-established in 1105 as part of the ecclesiastical province of Esztergom in the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1977, it was taken from the Archdiocese of Esztergom and attached into the newly established Diocese of Trnava. Before the reorganization in 2008, it was situated in the western parts of the Trenčín and Žilina regions with a strip connecting the city of Nitra to the main part. It had an area of 5,321 km² and a population of that area was 838,861 of which around 84% were of Catholic faith (2004).

On 14 February 2008, the territory of the diocese was reorganized. The diocese lost northern parts to the newly created Diocese of Žilina, but gained territory around the "strip" and southern parts from the Archdiocese of Bratislava-Trnava (see e.g. this map (in Slovak).

Bishops[edit]

Bishops Palace
  • Saint Methodius of Thessaloniki
  • Wiching (880—891)[1][2]
  • Anonymus (900—906) (?)
  • Svätý Bystrík (?1005—1046)
  • Gerváz (1106)
  • Mikuláš I. (1133)
  • Pavol (Šavol) (1137)
  • Ján I. (1156)
  • Tomáš I. (1165)
  • Eduard (1168—1198)
  • Ján II. (1204)
  • Vincent I. (1220—1222)
  • Jakob I. (1223—1240)
  • Adam I. (1241)
  • Bartolomäus (1242—1243)
  • Adam II. (1244—1252)
  • Mikuláš II. (1253—1255)
  • Vincent II. (1255—1272)
  • Philipp I. (1272)
  • Peter I. (1279—1281)
  • Pascház (1281—1297)
  • Ján III. (1302—1328)
  • Meško Piastovec (1328—1334)
  • Vitus de Castroferreo (Vid Vasvári) (1334—1347)
  • Mikuláš III. Vásári (1347—1350)
  • Štefan I. de Insula (Szigeti) (1350—1367)
  • Ladislav I. de Demjen (Demjéni) (1368—1372)
  • Dominik de Novoloco (Újhelyi) (1373—1384)
  • Demeter I. (1387—1388)
  • Gregor I. (1388—1392)
  • Michal II. (1393—1399)
  • Peter II. Poliak (Polonus) (1399—1403)
  • Hinco (1404—1427)
  • Juraj I. z Brezovice (Berzeviczy) (1429—1437)
  • Dionýz Séči (Desiderius Széchy, Dionysius, Dénes Széczi) (1438—1439)
  • Ladislav II. Csetneki (1440—1447)
  • Mikuláš IV. (1448—1456)
  • Albert Hangáč Vétesi (1458—1459)
  • Eliáš (1460—1463)
  • Tomáš II. Debrenthey (Döbrenthei) (1463—1480)
  • Gregor II. (1484—1492)
  • Anton I. zo Šankoviec (Sánkfalvy, Sánkfalvai) (1492—1500)
  • Mikuláš V. Bácskai (1501—1503)
  • Žigmund Turzo (Zsigmond Thurzó) 4. August 1503 15. November 1504
  • Štefan II. Podmanický 1505 1530
  • František I. Turzo 1534 1557
  • Pavol Abstemius-Bornemissa 1557 1579
  • Zachariáš Mošovský (Zakariás Mossóczy) 1582 1587
  • Štefan III. Fejérkövy (Fehérkövy) 1587 1596
  • František Forgáč 1596 1607
  • Štefan Szuhay 1607 † 9. jún 1608 -
    • Valentín Lépeš 1608 1619
  • Ján Telegdy marec 1619 1624
  • Štefan V. Bošnák 1644
  • Ján V. Püsky 1645 1648
  • Juraj II. Selepčéni Pohronec 1648 1666
  • Leopold Kolonič (Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch) 1666 1669
  • Tomáš III. Pálffy 1669 1679
  • Ján Gubasóczy 1679 1685
  • Peter III. Korompaj 1686 1690
  • Jakub II. Haško 1690 1691
  • Blažej I. Jáklin 1691 1695
  • Ladislav III. Maťašovský 1696 1705
  • Ladislav IV. Adam Mikuláš Erdödi 1706 1736
  • Johann Ernst Harrach 1738 1739
  • Imrich I. Gabriel Esterházi 1740 1763
  • Ján Gustíni-Zubrohlavský 1. januáry 1764 † 31. januáry 1777 -
  • Anton Révai 1780 1783
  • František Xaver Fuchs 1787 1804
  • Jozef Kluch 1808 1826
  • Jozef Michal Vurum 1827 1838
  • Imrich Palugyay 1838 † 27. júl 1858 -
  • Augustín Krištof Mikuláš Štefan Roškováni 1859 1892

Recent Bishops[edit]

Imrich Bende[edit]

Bende Imre

Bishop Imrich Bende (born 28 August 1824, Baja, Hungary - died March 26, 1911, Nitra) was a religious writer and Roman Catholic bishop of Banska Bystrica and Nitra in 1893. He studied theology at the University of Vienna and in 1847 in Kalocsa ordained a priest. In 1869 he became a priest in Novi Sad. Between 1878 and 1884 he was elected official in the Hungarian Parliament,[3] for the Hungarian Liberal Party.

Viliam Batan[edit]

Batthyány Vilmos 1911-15.JPG

Viliam Batan[4] or Viliam Batthyány (full name Hung. Vilmos Németújvár Count Batthyány Mary Tivadar Gobert)[5] (born March 14, 1870, Zalaszentgrót, Hungary today - died November 24, 1923, Körmend, Hungary)

Born into the Batan, noble family of Hungary, the son of Count Batan (Batthyány) de Németújvár and Countess Sigismund Erdődy.[6]

His studied philosophy and theology studies at the University of Innsbruck and Rome and received a doctorate in canon law. He was ordained priest in 1894 and was connon of Nitra, Auxiliary Bishop of Nitra (1904) in 1911 he became Bishop of Nitra.[7]

After the establishment of Czechoslovakia in 1918 Hungarian Church hierarchy were perceived as a threat to national interests of the new republic and demanded to resign. Batan as a lawyer, tried to oppose the demands, however he was unsuccessful and several Hungarian prelates were escorted to the bridge over the Danube in Esztergom.[8] Batan left shortly after.[9]

Karol Kmeťko[edit]

Karol Kmeťko (born December 12, 1875, Lower Držkovce - died December 22, 1948, Nitra) was a Slovak Roman Catholic cleric, Bishop of Nitra, and the author of religious books and articles.

Karol Kmeťko was one of the signatories Martin Declaration of 30 October 1918. From 1918 to 1920 he was a member of the Revolutionary National Assembly, in 1920 he became a Member of the National Assembly. On its mandate resigned in 1922 after assuming the functions of a bishop.[10]

After the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the creation of Czechoslovakia the Nitra bishop (Viliam Batan) was expelled from Czechoslovakia. Pope Benedict XV. secretly appointed Karol Kmeťko the Bishop of Nitra on February 13, 1921 [11] on May 11, 1944 by Pope Pius XII. He named Archbishop ad personam.[12] He took a strong stance of church indepedndance, and latter a stand against the Nazi persecution of Jews.

Eduard Nécsey[edit]

Dr. Eduard Nécsey (born 9 February 1892, Oslany - died June 19, 1968, Nitra) was a Slovak Roman Catholic cleric, Titular Archbishop and Apostolic Administrator of the diocese of Nitra. Studied and ordained at Innsbruck In 1943 he was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of the Diocese of Nitra and was consecrated in Nitra on May 16, 1943. He defended his appointment to the communist regime and latter attended Vatican 2 he died in Nitra in 1968.[13]

Ján Pásztor[edit]

Janchryzostomkorec.jpg

Ján Pásztor (born 27 January 1912, Prievidza – died 8 November 1988) Educated in his native Prievidza. He studied theology in Nitra seminary and at the Charles University. Ordination in 1934 at Nitra parish and further studytill WW2. A doctorate in theology at Charles University (1937) Law at University of Bratislava (1942). He became a priest in Dubnica in 1947 and In 1950 he was interned in a camp at Močenku and in 1953 imprisoned. After his release he worked as a parish administrator till 1961 and as till 1967. Pope Paul VI. He appointed consultor of the Roman Commission for the revision of the Church's Code, (1968) and latter became the capitular vicar. In the 1960s he negotiated between the Czek government and the vatican, and in 1973 he was appointed Bishop of Nitra.[14]

Viliam Judák[edit]

Viliam Erb Judák is the current bishop.

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of Bishops at diocese wepage.
  2. ^ List of Bishops at Catholic Heirachy.org
  3. ^ A Pallas nagy lexikona. Budapest : A Pallas Irodalmi és Nyomdai Rt., 1893–1897.
  4. ^ BAŤÁN, Viliam. In: Biografický lexikón Slovenska : I A – B. Martin: Slovenská národná knižnica, 2002. 638. p 265.
  5. ^ GUDENUS, János József. A magyarországi főnemesség XX. századi genealógiája. Budapest : Heraldika; (Arcanum, 2005). Kapitola Batthyány, p129.
  6. ^ GUDENUS, János József. A magyarországi főnemesség XX. századi genealógiája. (Budapest : Heraldika; Arcanum, 2005). Kapitola Batthyány, p129
  7. ^ VICZIÁN, János. Batthyány Vilmos. In: Magyar Katolikus Lexikon. Ed. Diós, István. Budapest : Szent István Társulat
  8. ^ DOLINSKÝ, Juraj. Cirkev a štát na Slovensku v rokoch 1918 – 1945. Redakcia Mgr. Mária Fúriková. (Trnava : Dobrá kniha, 1999.). p25-30
  9. ^ KISS, Balázs. Államfordulat Nyitrán (1918-1923). Kisebbségkutatás - Szemle a hazai és külföldi irodalomból - Minorities Studies and Reviews (Budapest), roč. 17, čís. 2.
  10. ^ ČECHOVÁ, Franiška. Kontakt nitrianskeho biskupa ThDr. Karola Kmeťku s politickým životom a jeho každodenné povinnosti. Človek a spoločnosť (Košice: Spoločenskovedný ústav SAV), 2004, 7, 3
  11. ^ See Nitra Papal Nuncio in Prague Clemente Micarahttp://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bkmetko.html
  12. ^ Catholic heirachy entry.
  13. ^ https://www.tkkbs.sk/view.php?cisloclanku=20120209028
  14. ^ https://www.tkkbs.sk/view.php?cisloclanku=20120127001

External links[edit]