Diocese of Ross (Scotland)

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Coordinates: 57°34′52″N 4°07′55″W / 57.581°N 4.132°W / 57.581; -4.132

Diocese of Ross
Diocese of Ross.jpg
Head Bishop of Ross
Archdeacon(s) Archdeacon of Ross
Known rural deans Dingwall, [not known]
First attestation 1127 x 1131
Metropolitan before 1472 None
Metropolitan after 1492 Archbishop of St Andrews
Cathedral Fortrose Cathedral
Previous cathedral(s) Rosemarkie (?)
Dedication St Peter
Native dedication St Boniface (or Curetán)
Canons Secular
Mensal churches Nigg, Tarbat
Common churches Applecross, Gairloch, Kintail, Lochalsh, Lochbroom, Lochcarron
Prebendal churches Alness, Ardersier (Dean), Avoch (Abbot of Kinloss), Contin, Cullicudden, Dingwall, Edderton (Subdean), Fodderty (archdeacon), Inverferan (Succentor), Kilchrist, Killearnan (Archdeacon), Kilmorack (Precentor), for a brief time held by the Chancellor), Kilmuir Easter, Kilmuir Wester (Dean), Kiltearn, Kincardine, Kinnettes (Chancellor, held briefly by Precentor), Kirkmichael, Lemlair (briefly held by Archdeacon), Logie Easter, Logie Wester (Treasurer, briefly held by Archdeacon), Newnakle, Nigg (Bishop), Rosemarkie, Roskeen, Suddy (Precentor), Tain (Subdean), Tarbat (Bishop), Urquhart (Treasurer), Urray (Succentor)
Catholic successor Merged into resurrected Diocese of Aberdeen, 4 March 1878
Episcopal successor Diocese of Moray, Ross and Caithness
Skene's map of Scottish bishoprics in the reign of David I (reigned 1124–1153).

The Diocese of Ross was an ecclesiastical territory or diocese in the Highland region of Scotland during the Middle Ages and Early Modern period. The Diocese was led by the Bishop of Ross, and was based at Fortrose. The diocese had only one Archdeacon, the Archdeacon of Ross, first attested in 1223 with the appearance of Archdeacon Robert. There is only one known rural dean, the rural dean of Dingwall, though there were almost certainly more.

A dean of the cathedral chapter is first attested in 1212 x 1213; a Subdean in 1256. A Precentor (also called Chanter) is attested in 1255, a Succentor in 1256. A Chancellor is attested for the first time in 1212 x 1213, a Treasurer in 1227.

Following the Scottish Reformation of 1560, the Presbyterian Church of Scotland abolished the episcopacy in the diocese. The Roman Catholic Church continued to appoint bishops in communion with the Holy See. Bishop John Lesley, however, was a post-reformation bishop who remained catholic. Episcopacy was abolished in the Church of Scotland between 1638 and 1661, when it was restored under the "Restoration Episcopate". After the Glorious Revolution of 1688, Scottish bishoprics again came under threat until in 1689 Episcopacy was permanently abolished in the established church in Scotland. From the early 18th century, the Scottish Episcopal Church appointed bishops.

In the twelfth century, the diocese is usually called "Rosemarkie", but thereafter it is called Ross. The diocese covered, roughly, the old county of Ross (also called Ross-shire).

List of parishes[edit]

  1. Alness
  2. Altyre (now Kilmorack)
  3. Applecross
  4. Ardersier [detached, Moray]
  5. Avoch
  6. Contin
  7. Cromarty
  8. Cullicudden
  9. Dingwall
  10. Edderton
  11. Eddyrdor (now Killearnan)
  12. Fodderty
  13. Fortrose Cathedral
  14. Gairloch
  15. Inveraferan (now Urray)
  16. Kilmoremethet (now Kilmuir Easter)
  17. Kilmuir Wester
  18. Kiltearn
  19. Kintail
  20. Kincardine
  21. Kinnettes
  22. Kirkmichael
  23. Lemlair
  24. Lochalsh
  25. Lochbroom
  26. Lochcarron
  27. Logiebride (now Logie Wester)
  28. Logiemethet (now Logie Easter)
  29. Nevoth (or Newnakle; now Nonakiln)
  30. Nigg
  31. Rosemarkie
  32. Rosskeen
  33. Suddie
  34. Tain
  35. Tarbat
  36. Tarradale (now Kilchrist)
  37. Urquhart

Titular Catholic see Rosemarkie[edit]

In 1973, it was nominally restored as a Catholic Titular see of the lowest (Episcopal ) rank, under the name Rosemarkie. It has had three incumbents

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cowan, Ian B., The Parishes of Medieval Scotland, Scottish Records Society Vol. 93, (Edinburgh, 1967)
  • McNeill, Peter G.B. & MacQueen, Hector L. (eds), Atlas of Scottish History to 1707, (Edinburgh, 1996)
  • Watt, D.E.R., Fasti Ecclesiae Scotinanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft, (St Andrews, 1969)