Dionísio Silva Castro (born 22 November 1963 in Fermentões-Guimarães) is a former long-distance runner from Portugal, best known for setting the world record in the 20,000 metres on 31 March 1990, when he clocked 57:18.4 in La Flèche. Castro continued for another 943 metres in an attempt to break Jos Hermens' world record for the one-hour run as well, but missed out by one metre. He competed for the Portuguese club Sporting Clube de Portugal.
His twin brother Domingos was also a world class athlete in the long distance events. The two of them represented their native country at the 1988 (Seoul, South Korea) and 1992 Summer Olympics (Barcelona, Spain).
- All results regarding marathon, unless stated otherwise
|1986||European Championships||Stuttgart, West Germany||11th||10,000m||28:17.46|
|1990||European Championships||Split, Yugoslavia||4th||5000m||13:23.99|
|1992||Olympic Games||Barcelona, Spain||—||Marathon||DNF|
|Men's 20,000 m world record holder
31 March 1990 – 30 March 1991
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