Diplacus pictus

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Diplacus pictus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Phrymaceae
Genus: Diplacus
Species:
D. pictus
Binomial name
Diplacus pictus

Diplacus pictus is a species of monkeyflower known by the common name calico monkeyflower.[1][2][3][4][5]

Distribution[edit]

The wildflower is endemic to California, found only above the southeastern San Joaquin Valley within Kern County and Tulare County.[1]

It is known only from the western Tehachapi Mountains and southernmost Sierra Nevada foothills, at elevations of 135–1,250 metres (443–4,101 ft).[1][6][7] It grows in open California oak woodland habitat, in bare rocky soils around granite outcrops.[1][6]

It is a listed Endangered species on the California Native Plant Society Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants.[8]

Description[edit]

Diplacus pictus is a small annual herb growing from 2–38 centimetres (0.79–14.96 in) in height.[6]

The stem is hairy and rectangular in cross-section. The oppositely arranged leaves are somewhat oval in shape and up to 4.5 centimeters long.

The tubular base of the flower is encapsulated in a dark reddish calyx of sepals with uneven lobes. The five-lobed flower has a maroon throat and the circular face is white with bold and intricately patterned purple-brown veining.[6] The bloom period varies from March to May.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Calflora: Mimulus pictus
  2. ^ Barker, W.R.; Nesom, G.L.; Beardsley, P.M.; Fraga, N.S. (2012), "A taxonomic conspectus of Phrymaceae: A narrowed circumscriptions for Mimulus, new and resurrected genera, and new names and combinations" (PDF), Phytoneuron, 2012-39: 1–60CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ Beardsley, P. M.; Yen, Alan; Olmstead, R. G. (2003). "AFLP Phylogeny of Mimulus Section Erythranthe and the Evolution of Hummingbird Pollination". Evolution. 57 (6): 1397–1410. doi:10.1554/02-086. JSTOR 3448862.
  4. ^ Beardsley, P. M.; Olmstead, R. G. (2002). "Redefining Phrymaceae: the placement of Mimulus, tribe Mimuleae, and Phryma". American Journal of Botany. 89 (7): 1093–1102. doi:10.3732/ajb.89.7.1093. JSTOR 4122195.
  5. ^ Beardsley, P. M.; Schoenig, Steve E.; Whittall, Justen B.; Olmstead, Richard G. (2004). "Patterns of Evolution in Western North American Mimulus (Phrymaceae)". American Journal of Botany. 91 (3): 474–4890. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.3.474. JSTOR 4123743.
  6. ^ a b c d e Jepson eFlora (TJM2):Mimulus pictus[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Tejon Ranch Conservancy: Tejon Ranch Plant Species List, Phrymaceae family species
  8. ^ California Native Plant Society, Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants (online edition, v8-02): Mimulus pictus . accessed 26 March 2016.

External links[edit]