Summit (meeting)

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A summit meeting (or just summit) is an international meeting of heads of state or government, usually with considerable media exposure, tight security, and a prearranged agenda. Notable summit meetings include those of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin during World War II. However, the term summit was not commonly used for such meetings until the Geneva Summit (1955).[1] During the Cold War, when American presidents joined with Soviet or Chinese counterparts for one-on-one meetings, the media labelled the event as a "summit". The post–Cold War era has produced an increase in the number of "summit" events. Nowadays, international summits are the most common expression for global governance.[2]

Notable summits[edit]

World War II conferences[edit]

Arab League summits[edit]

Earth Summits[edit]


Group of Six (G6), heads of government
Group of Seven (G7), heads of government
Group of Eight (G8), heads of government
Group of Seven (G7), heads of government
Group of Twenty, heads of government

European summits[edit]

Inter-Korean summits[edit]

Millennium Development Goals[edit]

South American Summits[edit]

Summits of the Americas[edit]

UN International conferences on Afghanistan[edit]

Soviet Union–United States summits[edit]

Russia–United States summits[edit]


India Summits[edit]

See also[edit]

Global safety summit GSS


  1. ^ Grenville, John Ashley Soames (2001). Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century: A History and Guide with Texts. ISBN 9780415141253.
  2. ^ "Global Governance Breakthrough: The G20 Summit and the Future Agenda". 2001-11-30.