Diplorhynchus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Diplorhynchus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Diplorhynchus
Welw. ex Ficalho & Hiern[1]
Species: D. condylocarpon
Binomial name
Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
(Müll.Arg.) Pichon
Synonyms[2]
  • Aspidosperma condylocarpon Müll.Arg.
  • Diplorhynchus angolensis Büttner
  • Diplorhynchus angustifolia Stapf
  • Diplorhynchus mossambicensis Benth.
  • Diplorhynchus poggei K.Schum
  • Diplorhynchus psilopus Welw. ex Ficalho & Hiern
  • Diplorhynchus welwitschii Rolfe
  • Neurolobium cymosum Baill.

Diplorhynchus is a monotypic genus of plant in the Apocynaceae family found in tropical and southern Africa.[1] As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises the single species Diplorhynchus condylocarpon.[3]

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon grows as a shrub or small tree up to 20 metres (66 ft) tall, with a trunk diameter of up to 2 metres (6 ft 7 in). Its fragrant flowers feature a white to creamy corolla. Fruit is green or brown with paired follicles, each up to 6.5 centimetres (2.6 in) long.[4] Vernacular names for the plant include "horn-pod tree" and "wild rubber".[5] Habitat is dry woodland and hillsides from sea-level to 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) altitude. The plant's numerous local medicinal uses include as a treatment for indigestion, diarrhoea, fever, snakebite, infertility, venereal disease, diabetes, pneumonia and tuberculosis.[4] D. condylocarpon is found in the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana and South Africa.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Diplorhynchus", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 17 August 2013 
  2. ^ "Diplorhynchus condylocarpon". The Plant List. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Search for "Diplorhynchus", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 17 August 2013 
  4. ^ a b Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 229–230. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. 
  5. ^ a b "Diplorhynchus condylocarpon". Flora of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Search for "Diplorhynchus condylocarpon", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 16 August 2013 

External links[edit]