Dipotassium phosphate

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Di-potassium monohydrogen phosphate.svg
Hydrogenfosforečnan draselný.JPG
Dipotassium-phosphate-3D-vdW.png
Names
IUPAC name
Potassium hydrogen phosphate
Other names
Potassium monohydrogen phosphate
Phosphoric acid dipotassium salt
Potassium phosphate dibasic
Identifiers
  • 7758-11-4 checkY
  • 16788-57-1 (trihydrate) checkY
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.028.940 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 231-834-5
E number E340(ii) (antioxidants, ...)
UNII
  • InChI=1S/2K.H3O4P/c;;1-5(2,3)4/h;;(H3,1,2,3,4)/q2*+1;/p-2 checkY
    Key: ZPWVASYFFYYZEW-UHFFFAOYSA-L checkY
  • InChI=1/2K.H3O4P/c;;1-5(2,3)4/h;;(H3,1,2,3,4)/q2*+1;/p-2
    Key: ZPWVASYFFYYZEW-NUQVWONBAH
  • [K+].[K+].[O-]P([O-])(=O)O
Properties
K2HPO4
Molar mass 174.2 g/mol
Appearance white powder
deliquescent
Odor odorless
Density 2.44 g/cm3
Melting point > 465 °C (869 °F; 738 K) decomposes
149.25 g/100 mL (20 °C)
Solubility slightly soluble in alcohol
Acidity (pKa) 12.4
Basicity (pKb) 6.8
Hazards
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
1
0
0
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Other cations
Disodium phosphate
Diammonium phosphate
Related compounds
Monopotassium phosphate
Tripotassium phosphate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Dipotassium phosphate (K2HPO4) (also dipotassium hydrogen orthophosphate; potassium phosphate dibasic) is the inorganic compound with the formula K2HPO4.(H2O)x (x = 0, 3, 6). Together with monopotassium phosphate (KH2PO4.(H2O)x), it is often used as a fertilizer, food additive, and buffering agent.[1] It is a white or colorless solid that is soluble in water.

It is produced commercially by partial neutralization of phosphoric acid with two equivalents of potassium chloride:[1]

H3PO4 + 2 KCl → K2HPO4 + 2 HCl

Uses[edit]

As a food additive, dipotassium phosphate is used in imitation dairy creamers, dry powder beverages, mineral supplements, and starter cultures.[2] It functions as an emulsifier, stabilizer and texturizer; it also is a buffering agent, and chelating agent especially for the calcium in milk products..[3]

As a food additive, dipotassium phosphate is categorized by the United States Food and Drug Administration as generally recognized as safe (GRAS).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Klaus Schrödter; Gerhard Bettermann; Thomas Staffel; Friedrich Wahl; Thomas Klein; Thomas Hofmann (2012). "Phosphoric Acid and Phosphates". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a19_465.pub3.
  2. ^ John H. Thorngate III; Seppo Salminen; Larry A. Branen; Michael P. Davidson, eds. (2001). "Food Phosphates". Food Additives. Food Science and Technology. 116. CRC Press. doi:10.1201/9780824741709.ch25. ISBN 978-0-8247-9343-2.
  3. ^ "What is dipotassium phosphate?". 30 April 2018. Retrieved 2020-09-09.
  4. ^ "Database of Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Reviews". Retrieved 2008-03-22. (listed as "potassium phosphate, dibasic")