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Temporal range: Late Oligocene–Pleistocene
Diprotodon optatum (2).jpg
Restoration of Diprotodon
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Diprotodontia
Superfamily: Diprotodontoidea
Family: Diprotodontidae
Gill, 1872
Subfamilies & genera

The Diprotodontidae are an extinct family of large marsupials, endemic to what would be Australia, during the Oligocene through Pleistocene periods from 28.4 million to 11,000 years ago.[1] Also referred to as giant wombats, the family includes the largest marsupial that ever lived, the enormous wombat-like Diprotodon.[2]


  1. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Diprotodontidae, basic info
  2. ^ Price, Gilbert J.; Ferguson, Kyle J.; Webb, Gregory E.; Feng, Yue-xing; Higgins, Pennilyn; Nguyen, Ai Duc; Zhao, Jian-xin; Joannes-Boyau, Renaud; Louys, Julien (2017-09-27). "Seasonal migration of marsupial megafauna in Pleistocene Sahul (Australia–New Guinea)". Proc. R. Soc. B. 284 (1863): 20170785. doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.0785. ISSN 0962-8452. PMC 5627191. PMID 28954903.
  • Vertebrate Palaeontology by Michael J. Benton (page 314)
  • Wildlife of Gondwana: Dinosaurs and Other Vertebrates from the Ancient Supercontinent (Life of the Past) by Pat Vickers Rich, Thomas Hewitt Rich, Francesco Coffa, and Steven Morton
  • Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea: One Hundred Million Years of Evolution by John A. Long, Michael Archer, Timothy Flannery, and Suzanne Hand (page 77)