Dipteryx

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Dipteryx
Cumaru.JPG
Baru Tree (Dipteryx alata)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Dipterygeae[1]
Genus: Dipteryx
Schreb.
Species

See text.

Synonyms
  • Coumarouna Aubl.
  • Oleiocarpon Dwyer

Dipteryx is a genus containing nine species of shrubs and trees. It belongs to the "papilionoid" subfamilyFaboideae – of the legume family (Fabaceae). This genus is native to South and Central America and the Caribbean. Formerly, the related genus Taralea was included in Dipteryx.

The largest members of Dipteryx are canopy-emergent tree of tropical rainforests. The Tonka Bean (C. odorata) is grown for its fragrant seeds. Baru (Dipteryx alata) is a Vulnerable species from the Cerrado of Brazil; its fruit and seeds are used as food and fodder. Several species are used for timber.

Dipteryx can be distinguished from other members of the Dipterygeae by:

asymmetric leaflets as a result of the eccentric primary vein, a drupaceous fruit, seeds with a coriaceous testa, a hilum in lateral or subapical position and a rugose embryo with conspicuous plumule.[2]

Species[edit]

The species of Dipteryx are:[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk B-E, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M. (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  2. ^ Gonçalves Leite V, Freitas Mansano V, Pádua Teixeira S. (2014). "Floral ontogeny in Dipterygeae (Fabaceae) reveals new insights into one of the earliest branching tribes in papilionoid legumes". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 174 (4): 529–550. doi:10.1111/boj.12158. 
  3. ^ "ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Dipteryx". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  4. ^ USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Dipteryx". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 30 January 2014.