Dira clytus

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Cape autumn widow
SeitzFaunaAfricanaXIIITaf28.JPG
Dira clytus depicted in Seitz Fauna Africana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Satyrini
Genus: Dira
Species: D. clytus
Binomial name
Dira clytus
(Linnaeus, 1764)
Synonyms
  • Papilio clytus Linnaeus, 1764
  • Leptoneura clytus (Linnaeus, 1764)
  • Papilio tisiphone von Rottemburg, 1775
A distribution map of Dira Clytus throughout the southern part of South Africa (in blue).

Dira clytus, the Cape autumn widow, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found in South Africa.[1]

The wingspan is 45–55 mm. Adults of ssp. clytus are on wing from late February to April and of ssp. eurina from late February to late March. There is one generation per year[2]

The larvae feed on various Poaceae species, including Ehrharta erecta, Pennisetum clandestinum, Stipa dregeana, Panicum deustrum, Stenotaphrum glabrum and Stenotaphrum secundatum.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Dira clytus clytus (south-western Cape)
  • Dira clytus eurina Quickelberge, 1978 (southern Cape)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dira at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.