Dirección Federal de Seguridad

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The Dirección Federal de Seguridad (Federal Security Directorate, DFS) was a Mexican intelligence agency. Created in 1947, at the eve of the Cold War, under Mexican president Miguel Alemán Valdés, with the assistance of U.S. intelligence agencies (namely the CIA) as part of the Truman Doctrine of Soviet Containment,[1] with the duty of "preserving the internal stability of Mexico against all forms subversion and terrorist threats".[2] It was merged into the Centro de Investigación y Seguridad Nacional (CISEN) in 1985.

During the period from 1968 to the late 1970s (a period called The Mexican Dirty War), the DFS was accused of illegal detentions, torture, assassinations and forced disappearances.[3][4] At least 347 complaints were received by the United Nations related to Mexican State crimes from 1960 to 1980.[5]

The agency was highly successful in thwarting and deterring any attempt by anti-government or pro-soviet organizations to destabilize the country, however being a notoriously controversial government entity, it was finally disbanded under the presindecy of Miguel de la Madrid by the hand of his secretary of the interior Manuel Bartlett Díaz in the year 1985, a decision finally taken given the suspected (and later confirmed) links between many of it's agents, including top members like Nazar-Haro and Arturo "El Negro" Durazo Moreno, with criminal exploits like a million dollar US-Mexico car theft ring,[6] collaborating in drug traffick oppertains with the Guadalajara Cartel (including the protection of the infamous "Colonia Bufalo" marijuana crops),[7] training the Nicaraguan contras in drug trafficker owned ranches,[8][9][10][11][12][13][14] the murder of journalist Manuel Buendia, for investigating ties between the DFS, the CIA and Drug traffickers,[15] and for having some degree of participation in, and providing cover to, the kidnapping and subsequent death of DEA agent Enrique Camarena Salazar.[16][17]

Heads of the DFS[edit]

Notorious members[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.afio.com/publications/MEDINA%20Mexican%20Intelligence%202015%20Sep%2001%20FINAL.pdf
  2. ^ Dirección Federal de Seguridad (Mexico) Security Reports, Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin, Dirección Federal de Seguridad (Mexico) Security Reports, 1970-1977
  3. ^ "Tienda de Entretenimiento". www.terra.com.mx. 
  4. ^ "La Historia de dos desaparecidas" (PDF). 
  5. ^ "Cientos de desaparecidos en México. CNN". 
  6. ^ "U.s. Indicted New Mexican Police Chief In Car-theft Ring". 
  7. ^ http://www.sinembargo.mx/02-09-2013/739592
  8. ^ "El padrino del narcotráfico mexicano, ahora libre, adquirió su poder durante la época del PRI". 20 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Watt, Peter; Zepeda, Roberto (14 June 2012). "Drug War Mexico: Politics, Neoliberalism and Violence in the New Narcoeconomy". Zed Books Ltd. – via Google Books. 
  10. ^ Bartley, Russell H.; Bartley, Sylvia Erickson (30 November 2015). "Eclipse of the Assassins: The CIA, Imperial Politics, and the Slaying of Mexican Journalist Manuel Buendía". University of Wisconsin Pres – via Google Books. 
  11. ^ https://aristeguinoticias.com/2710/mexico/la-dfs-al-servicio-de-la-cia-bartlett-y-garcia-ramirez-lo-sabian-carrillo-olea-en-proceso/
  12. ^ "Narco News: El agente de la DEA asesinado, Kiki Camarena, cayó en una operación de la CIA que salió mal, según fuentes de seguridad". www.narconews.com. 
  13. ^ "La Federal de Seguridad y la CIA colaboraban con Caro Quintero - Proceso". 26 October 2013. 
  14. ^ "Una historia nunca contada". 
  15. ^ "¿Quién fue Manuel Buendía? - Animal Político". www.animalpolitico.com. 
  16. ^ "Revelan en EU que CIA grabó tortura a Enrique Camarena". 12 October 2013. 
  17. ^ "A Camarena lo ejecutó la CIA, no Caro Quintero - Proceso". 12 October 2013. 
  18. ^ Camp, Roderic Ai (14 December 1992). "Generals in the Palacio: The Military in Modern Mexico". Oxford University Press – via Google Books. 
  19. ^ Navarro, Aaron W. (1 January 2010). "Political Intelligence and the Creation of Modern Mexico, 1938-1954". Penn State Press – via Google Books. 
  20. ^ Quezada, Sergio Aguayo (11 March 2014). "La Charola: Una historia de los servicios de inteligencia en México". Editorial Ink – via Google Books. 
  21. ^ Jornada, La. "Murió Luis de la Barreda, ex titular de la disuelta Dirección Federal de Seguridad - La Jornada". www.jornada.unam.mx. 
  22. ^ Aguayo Quezada, Sergio (2001). La Charola. Grijalbo. p. 413. ISBN 970-05-1389-0.