Data & Marketing Association
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The Data & Marketing Association (formerly, Direct Marketing Association), also known as the DMA, is a trade organization for marketers. In 2017 their web site stated "Yes, 100 years ago we were the Direct Mail Marketing Association and then the Direct Marketing Association. Now we embrace ..."
Although headquartered in the United States, its members include companies from 48 other countries, including half of the Fortune 100 companies, as well as many nonprofit organizations. The DMA seeks to advance all forms of direct marketing.
A mid-2018 joint announcement with the Association of National Advertisers, stated as "to be completed as of July 1, 2018" and having as its goal "the single largest trade association in the U.S. devoted to serving all aspects of marketing" had not materialized as of the projected date.
As of July 1, 2019, DMA became the Data, Marketing & Analytics arm of the ANA.
Its stated objectives are to advance and protect responsible data-driven marketing.
Data-driven marketing can include any marketing where consumer data is used for marketing purposes, usually to create a more customized experience – like presenting custom offers in an email, recognizing a regular customer on a website, providing benefits through a loyalty program, showing recommendations on a website, or inclusion other special customer groups. It can include many marketing channels, such as postal mail, email, social, inserts, web advertising, publishing/content marketing and search.
Members of DMA agree to comply with strict guidelines, which set ethical standards for the right way to use data responsibly in marketing. These cover aspects like privacy, data collection, consumer notice, use of data and other aspects of responsible marketing. DMA enforces these guidelines, accepting complaints from consumers or other companies, and after a member review of the practices and allowing the company to change any non-compliant practices, then publishes a list of "bad actors". These non compliance companies are also reported to the appropriate authorities.
In addition to supporting those industry standards and agreeing to follow the Member Principles, companies that use data in marketing join DMA to network, grow their business, train their staff and participate in advocacy efforts. DMA does not address the use of consumer data for other, non-marketing uses.
The DMA was founded in 1917 as the Direct Mail Marketing Association. Over the next few decades it became
- the Direct Marketing Association and then
- the Data & Marketing Association.
The organization launched the International ECHO Awards in 1929.
As of when John Gitlitz left the American Advertising Federation in 1981 to become president/CEO of theDMA, the latter's headquarters were in NYC, although their Washington DC office was important to them.
A Washington Post 2018 review of what some people call "junk mail" and its professional defenders "the Data & Marketing Association (formerly the Direct Marketing Association)" call "direct mail" notes that, since
- surveys by the US Postal Service finds more than half of all millennials "find marketing mail valuable" and
- marketers have found "the response rate to physical mail is over five times that of email"
direct marketers "would rather not spend their money sending direct mail to people who don’t want to receive it."
The same article noted that "credit card offers are one of the biggest categories in your mailbox" and that one can opt out of these at no cost. Details can be found at DMAChoice.org.
Consumer complaints about marketing practices are also accepted at the thedma.org website.
Criticism of the DMA includes that compliance is voluntary; that enforcement is limited; and that the requirement for consumers to opt out of direct marketing, rather than opting in, favors marketers by making direct marketing the default.
International Federation of Direct Marketing Associations
23 direct marketing trade associations from five continents established the International Federation of Direct Marketing Associations (IFDMA) in 1989.
IFDMA was formed to develop firm lines of communications between direct marketers around the world, and is dedicated to
- improving the practice and communicating the value of direct marketing and
- promoting the highest standards for ethical conduct and effective self-regulation of the direct marketing community.
Specifically, the organization and its members
- Makes available information regarding consumer safeguards, and publicizes DMA as their protector, contact point and regulator.
- Tries to ensure that members create consumer confidence.
- Advises how companies should use information by operating within the terms of Data Protection Acts.
- Lobbies against
- Data Protection Acts which protect data against redistribution
- Laws forbidding e-mail address harvesting.
- Fight negative images of the direct marketing industry
- Promote direct marketing techniques and companies to consumers
- Prove training and professional development opportunities to marketers
- Conduct industry research
- Host networking conferences for marketers
National Members of IFDMA
The first president of IFDMA, Colin Lloyd, is president at the Direct Marketing Association in Britain.
- major brand clients
- advertising and digital agencies and
- suppliers of direct marketing services.
Headquarters is in London; there are three regional offices. Together they represent the whole of the United Kingdom, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales.
- gives advice how companies should use information by operating within the terms of the UK Data Protection Act.
- manages the industry's preference services:
- the Corporate Telephone Preference Service (CTPS)
These services are designed to make consumers aware of the services that stop mail, email, telephone and fax marketing to them as individuals
Agency/Broker vs Direct clients
- An agency is defined where there is a third party involved in the decision making process, typically an agency/broker will source the whole of market for the best available opportunities for the client, and will take receipt of the data and forward onto the end user, and will take a negotiable commission typically 10-20%, agencies are ultimately not the decision maker but a strong influence in this process, market research agencies fall into agency/broker where the data is to be used by an end user.
- A Direct client is defined where there is a direct relationship between the data owner and the decision maker, this is further defined that there is no commission payable in these circumstances, market research agencies can be classified as direct only where the results of a campaign are shared but not the data, call centres are defined as a direct client, although the data is being used on behalf of client(s), or the call centre owner, as long as there is no commission due, and the relationship is direct between them and the data owner.
Direct Marketing Associations have attracted controversy, as people believe they aim to promote spam and to defend junk mail and unsolicited telemarketing, which many consumers find irritating and intrusive. They have been accused, by The Spamhaus Project and Electronic Frontier Foundation respectively, of promoting spam and working against open standards (i.e., Do Not Track) that seek to protect consumer privacy from tracking by online marketers. They have also been accused of using a "limited", unrealistic definition of spam.
The United States National Do Not Call Registry, went into effect in 2003. Under the law, it is illegal for telemarketers to call anyone who has registered themselves on the list. After the list had operated for one year, over 62 million people had signed up. The telemarketing industry opposed the creation of the list, but most telemarketers have complied with the law and refrained from calling people who are on the list.
- American Association of Advertising Agencies
- Data Protection Act 1998
- Direct Marketing Association (South Africa)
- Philip H. Dougherty (September 13, 1984). "ADVERTISING: A New Chief For D.M.A." The New York Times.
- "Celebrating 100 Years of Data & Marketing Excellence". TheDMA.org. September 22, 2017.
- "ANA (Association of National Advertisers) to Acquire Data and Marketing Association". June 1, 2018.
- "ANA Acquires Data & Marketing Association to Help Marketers Adapt to a Data-First World".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2017-11-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "DMA Guidelines for Ethical Business Practices". Archived from the original on 2017-12-20. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
- "Marketing Ethics and Compliance - Ethical Business Practices". thedma.org. Archived from the original on 2017-07-15. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
- "DMA Member Resources - DMA Member Communities - Join DMA". thedma.org. Archived from the original on 2018-06-16. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
- as it is stylized
- "DMA International ECHO Showcase". Marketing EDGE. DMEF. Archived from the original on 2016-01-27. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- Elisabeth Leamy (February 13, 2018). "How to stop junk mail and save trees — and your sanity". The Washington Post.
- The $2 charge applies if done on-line; the fee is $3 to process a request sent by regular mail.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-01. Retrieved 2014-10-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Nelson, Richard R. (2005). The Limits of Market Organization. Russell Sage Foundation. p. 284. ISBN 1610444248.
- Allison Fass (November 16, 2001). "Executive Changes at Media Firms". The New York Times.
- "Spam "Unsubscribe" Services". spamhaus.org.
- "Ad Industry's Assault on "Do Not Track" Continues at the W3C Amsterdam Meeting". eff.org.
- "DMA to Back Anti-Spam Law". chiefmarketer.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-19.
- "National Do Not Call Registry Celebrates One-Year Anniversary". 24 June 2004.
- Data & Marketing Association
- IFDMA (Internation Federation of Direct Marketing Associations)
- Direct Marketing
- UK DMA website
- Mailing Preference Service (MPS)
- Baby Mailing Preference Service (BMPS)
- Telephone Preference Service (TPS)
- Fax Preference Service (FPS)
- Postwatch The UK's watchdog for postal services
- Mailing Preference Service An Opt-out or Robinson list service which allows UK residents to control access to their addresses