EU Directive on Electricity Production from Renewable Energy Sources 2001/77/EC
|European Union directive|
|Title||Directive 2001/77/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2001 on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market|
|Made by||European Parliament and Council|
|Journal reference||L283, 27 October 2001, pp. 33–40|
|Replaced by||Directive 2009/28/EC|
The Directive on Electricity Production from Renewable Energy Sources 2001/77/EC is a European Union Directive for promoting renewable energy use in electricity generation. It is popularly known as the RES Directive.
The directive, which took effect in October 2001, sets national indicative targets for renewable energy production from individual member states. As the name implies, the EU does not strictly enforce these targets. However, The European Commission monitors the progress of the member states of the European Union – and will, if necessary, propose mandatory targets for those who miss their goals.
These objectives contribute toward achieving the overall indicative EU targets, which are listed in the white paper on renewable sources of energy. Regulators want a 12% share of gross renewable domestic energy consumption by 2010 and a 20% share by 2020.
The directive was superseded by Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC, published on 23 April 2009.
The following table lists the indicative targets for each of the 15 original member states, and for comparison the share of renewable electricity in 1997 as well.
|Country||1997 share||2010 target|
|European Community overall||13.9%||22%|