Director of the Joint Staff

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Director of the Joint Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg
Seal of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Lt. Gen. Andrew P. Poppas.jpg
Incumbent
LTG Andrew P. Poppas

since October 2020
Formation19 September 1949
First holderMG Alfred M. Gruenther, USA
Websitewww.jcs.mil

The director of the Joint Staff (DJS) is a three-star officer who assists the Joint Chiefs of Staff, a cabinet of senior military officers within the United States Armed Forces who advise the secretary of defense and the president on military matters. The director assists the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in managing the Joint Staff and with the management and organization of the staff's members. The director also chairs meetings of the Operations Deputies, a subsidiary body comprising the director and a three-star delegate from each service who preview or resolve issues before they are escalated to the four-star level of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[1]

The director of the Joint Staff is selected by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and subject to the approval of the secretary of defense.[1] As with all three- and four-star positions, the director's appointment is subject to presidential nomination and Senate confirmation.

The position of Director is considered one of the most desirable three-star positions in the United States military establishment, for the position has historically served as a stepping stone to a four-star position.[2] As of October 2020, 36 of the 47 past directors and one past acting director, have been promoted to four-star rank. Many of them have been promoted to four-star rank within a year of leaving the position.

The current director of the Joint Staff is Lieutenant General Andrew Poppas.

List of directors of the Joint Staff[edit]

This is a complete list of the Directors of the Joint Staff.[3]

No. Director Term Service branch Notes
Portrait Name Took office Left office Term length
1
Alfred M. Gruenther
Major General
Alfred M. Gruenther
17 September 194719 September 19492 years, 2 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 1951.
2
Arthur C. Davis
Rear Admiral
Arthur C. Davis
20 September 19491 November 19512 years, 42 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Promoted to admiral on retirement, 1955.
3
Charles P. Cabell
Lieutenant General
Charles P. Cabell
2 November 195123 April 19531 year, 172 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1958.
4
Frank F. Everest
Lieutenant General
Frank F. Everest
24 April 195318 March 1954328 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1957.
5
Lemuel Mathewson
Lieutenant General
Lemuel Mathewson
19 March 195414 March 19561 year, 361 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Retired, 1958.
6
Bernard L. Austin
Vice Admiral
Bernard L. Austin
15 March 195631 March 19582 years, 16 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Retired, 1968.
7
Oliver S. Picher
Lieutenant General
Oliver S. Picher
1 April 195831 March 19601 year, 365 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Retired, 1960.
8
Earle G. Wheeler
Lieutenant General
Earle G. Wheeler
1 April 196024 February 19621 year, 329 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 1962.
9
Herbert D. Riley
Vice Admiral
Herbert D. Riley
25 February 196223 February 19641 year, 363 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Retired, 1964.
10
David A. Burchinal
Lieutenant General
David A. Burchinal
24 February 196431 July 19662 years, 157 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1966.
11
Andrew J. Goodpaster
Lieutenant General
Andrew J. Goodpaster
1 August 196631 March 1967242 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 1968.
12
Berton E. Spivy
Lieutenant General
Berton E. Spivy
1 April 196731 July 19681 year, 121 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 1968.
13
Nels C. Johnson
Vice Admiral
Nels C. Johnson
1 August 196819 July 19701 year, 352 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Retired, 1970.
14
John W. Vogt
Lieutenant General
John W. Vogt
20 July 19707 April 19721 year, 262 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1972.
Mason B. Freeman
Rear Admiral
Mason B. Freeman
Acting
8 April 197211 June 197264 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Retired, 1979.
15
George M. Seignious II
Lieutenant General
George M. Seignious II
12 June 197231 May 19741 year, 353 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Retired, 1974.
16
Harry D. Train II
Vice Admiral
Harry D. Train II
1 June 197430 June 19762 years, 29 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Promoted to admiral, 1978.
17
Ray B. Sitton
Lieutenant General
Ray B. Sitton
1 July 197630 June 1977364 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Retired, 1977.
18
Patrick J. Hannifin
Vice Admiral
Patrick J. Hannifin
1 July 197720 June 1978354 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Retired, 1978.
John A. Wickham Jr.
Major General
John A. Wickham Jr.
Acting
1 July 197821 August 197851 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Appointed as 19th director.
19
John A. Wickham Jr.
Lieutenant General
John A. Wickham Jr.
22 August 197822 June 1979304 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 1979.
20
C. Thor Hanson
Vice Admiral
C. Thor Hanson
22 June 197930 June 19812 years, 8 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Retired, 1982.
21
James E. Dalton
Lieutenant General
James E. Dalton
1 July 198130 June 19831 year, 364 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1983.
22
Jack N. Merritt
Lieutenant General
Jack N. Merritt
1 July 198330 June 19851 year, 364 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 1985.
23
Powell F. Carter Jr.
Vice Admiral
Powell F. Carter Jr.
1 July 198514 August 19872 years, 44 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Promoted to admiral, 1987.
24
Robert W. RisCassi
Lieutenant General
Robert W. RisCassi
15 August 198730 November 19881 year, 107 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 1988.
25
Hansford T. Johnson
Lieutenant General
Hansford T. Johnson
1 December 198820 September 1989293 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1989.
Gene A. Deegan
Major General
Gene A. Deegan
Acting
21 September 198926 September 19895 daysEmblem of the United States Marine Corps.svg
U.S. Marine Corps
Retired, 1991.
26
Michael P.C. Carns
Lieutenant General
Michael P.C. Carns
27 September 198916 May 19911 year, 231 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1991.
27
Henry Viccellio Jr.
Lieutenant General
Henry Viccellio Jr.
17 May 19911 December 19921 year, 198 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1992.
28
Richard C. Macke
Vice Admiral
Richard C. Macke
1 December 199217 July 19941 year, 228 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Promoted to admiral, 1994.
Charles T. Robertson Jr.
Major General
Charles T. Robertson Jr.
Acting
19 July 199424 July 19945 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1998.
29
Walter Kross
Lieutenant General
Walter Kross
25 July 199412 July 19961 year, 353 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 1996.
Stephen T. Rippe
Major General
Stephen T. Rippe
Acting
13 July 199613 September 199662 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Retired, 1999.
30
Dennis C. Blair
Vice Admiral
Dennis C. Blair
14 September 199612 December 19986 years, 11 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Promoted to admiral, 1999.
31
Vernon E. Clark
Vice Admiral
Vernon E. Clark
12 December 199826 July 1999226 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Promoted to admiral, 1999.
32
Carlton W. Fulford Jr.
Lieutenant General
Carlton W. Fulford Jr.
26 July 199914 July 2000354 daysEmblem of the United States Marine Corps.svg
U.S. Marine Corps
Promoted to general, 2000.
33
Scott A. Fry
Vice Admiral
Scott A. Fry
July 2000October 2001~ 1 year, 92 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Retired, 2003.
34
John P. Abizaid
Lieutenant General
John P. Abizaid
16 October 200123 January 20031 year, 99 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 2003.
35
George W. Casey Jr.
Lieutenant General
George W. Casey Jr.
January 2003October 2003~ 273 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 2003.
36
Timothy J. Keating
Vice Admiral
Timothy J. Keating
13 October 2003October 2004~ 354 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Promoted to admiral, 2004.
37
Norton A. Schwartz
Lieutenant General
Norton A. Schwartz
October 2004August 2005~ 304 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 2005.
38
Walter L. Sharp
Lieutenant General
Walter L. Sharp
August 2005May 2008~ 2 years, 274 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 2008.
Stephen M. Goldfein
Major General
Stephen M. Goldfein
Acting
May 2008August 2008~ 92 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Brother of the 43rd director, David L. Goldfein.
39
Stanley A. McChrystal
Lieutenant General
Stanley A. McChrystal
August 200810 June 2009~ 313 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 2009.
-
Bruce E. Grooms
Rear Admiral
Bruce E. Grooms
Acting
10 June 2009August 2009~ 52 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Retired, 2015.
40
Lloyd J. Austin III
Lieutenant General
Lloyd J. Austin III
August 200930 June 2010~ 333 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 2010.
41
William E. Gortney
Vice Admiral
William E. Gortney
1 July 2010August 2012~ 2 years, 31 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Promoted to admiral, 2012.
42
Curtis M. Scaparrotti
Lieutenant General
Curtis M. Scaparrotti
August 2012August 2013~ 1 year, 0 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Promoted to general, 2013.
43
David L. Goldfein
Lieutenant General
David L. Goldfein
August 2013August 2015~ 2 years, 0 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Brother of acting director, Stephen M. Goldfein.
Promoted to general, 2015.
44
William C. Mayville Jr.
Lieutenant General
William C. Mayville Jr.
August 2015July 2017~ 1 year, 334 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Retired, 2018.
45
Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr.
Lieutenant General
Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr.
5 July 201728 February 20191 year, 238 daysEmblem of the United States Marine Corps.svg
U.S. Marine Corps
Promoted to general, 2019.
46
Michael M. Gilday
Vice Admiral
Michael M. Gilday
1 March 201921 August 2019173 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Promoted to admiral, 2019.
Glen D. VanHerck
Major General
Glen D. VanHerck
Acting
21 August 2019~27 September 2019~37 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to director.
47
Glen D. VanHerck
Lieutenant General
Glen D. VanHerck
~27 September 201920 August 2020~328 daysMark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
Promoted to general, 2020.
William D. Byrne Jr.
Rear Admiral
William D. Byrne Jr.
Acting
20 August 2020October 202042 daysEmblem of the United States Navy.svg
U.S. Navy
Vice director of the Joint Staff since September 2019.
48
Andrew P. Poppas
Lieutenant General
Andrew P. Poppas
October 2020Incumbent145 daysMark of the United States Army.svg
U.S. Army
Served as Director for Operations (J3), the Joint Staff.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. "Director Responsibility Statement". Joint Chiefs of Staff. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011.
  2. ^ Woodward, Bob (2006). State of Denial: Bush at War, Part III. Simon and Schuster. pp. 22, 40. ISBN 978-0-7432-7223-0. scott fry joint staff.
  3. ^ Historical Office (2004). "Department of Defense Key Officials, 1947–2004". Office of the Secretary of Defense. p. 61. Archived from the original on 22 May 2009.