Directorate (Russia)

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Kerensky Second Government
Flag of Russia.svg
11th cabinet of Russia
Date formed September 1, 1917
Date dissolved November 7, 1917
People and organisations
Head of state Grand Duke Michael (conditionally)
Alexander Kerensky (de facto)
Head of government Alexander Kerensky
Member party Socialist-Revolutionaries
Status in legislature Coalition
Opposition cabinet Executive Committee of Petrograd Soviet
Opposition party RSDLP
Opposition leader Nikolay Chkheidze / Leon Trotsky
Incoming formation Kerensky I
Outgoing formation Lenin
Predecessor Alexander Kerensky
Successor Vladimir Lenin

The Directorate (Kerensky Second Government) was the short-lived transitional government of Russia during the Russian Revolution. It consisted of five main ministers and lasted for about three weeks.


Post Name Party
Minister-President Alexander Kerensky Socialist-Revolutionary Party
Vice-President, Minister of Trade and Industry Alexander Konovalov Kadets
Minister of Foreign Affairs Mikhail Tereshchenko Non-party
Minister of Internal Affairs, Post and Telegraph Alexei Nikitin Menshevik
Minister of War Alexander Verkhovsky
Minister of Navy Dmitry Verderevsky
Minister of Finance Mikhail Bernatsky
Minister of Justice Pavel Malyantovitch Menshevik
Minister of Transport Alexander Liverovsky Non-party
Minister of Education Sergei Salazkin Non-party
Minister of Agriculture Semen Maslov Socialist-Revolutionary Party
Minister of Labour Kuzma Gvozdev Menshevik
Minister of Food Sergei Prokopovich Non-party
Minister of Health Care Nikolai Kishkin Kadet
Minister of Post and Telegraph Alexei Nikitin Menshevik
Minister of Religion Anton Kartashev Kadet


The Directorate was founded by decree of the Russian Provisional Government on September 14, 1917. The Directorate was responsible for "public affairs until the establishment of the Cabinet." The Directorate was created to resolve the crisis stemming from the Kornilov Affair and the collapse of the Second Provisional Government.

On October 8, with the formation of the 3rd coalition, the Directorate was abolished.

During the Directorate Russia was proclaimed a republic and the State Duma of the Russian Empire was dissolved.

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