|Occupation||Writer, visual artist, essayist, critic|
|Alma mater||University of Birmingham,
Royal Holloway, University of London
Diriye Osman (Somali: Diriyeh Cismaan, Arabic: ديري عثمان) (born in 1983) is a Somali-British short story writer, essayist, critic and visual artist. He is the author of the short story collection Fairytales For Lost Children, which won the 2014 Polari First Book Prize. His writing has also been published in a number of publications. Additionally, Osman's visual art is noted for its surrealism.
As a child, Osman developed an interest in fashion design. His parents encouraged his desire to become a designer. An avid reader, he was also enthralled with the works of C. S. Lewis and Roald Dahl, as well as The Adventures of Tintin and Calvin and Hobbes. In 2001, Osman and his family moved again to London, England.
In 2002, at the age of 18, Osman was diagnosed with psychosis and institutionalised in a mental hospital in Woolwich, South London. He was so traumatized by the experience that he did not speak for nearly six months. After he was released from the hospital, his mother encouraged him to apply for a library card and he began to read Nuruddin Farah, Arundhati Roy, Zadie Smith, Manil Suri, Alice Munro, Alison Bechdel, ZZ Packer, Edwidge Danticat and Junot Diaz. By reading as widely as possible, Osman regained the confidence to speak again. Reading extensively also made him want to learn about characters and stories that echoed his own experiences.
For his post-secondary education, Osman studied English Literature, Linguistics and Fine Art at the University of Birmingham, graduating with a BA (hons) degree. He later attended Royal Holloway, University of London, where he earned an MA in Creative Writing.
In 2008, after recovering from another health setback, Osman started writing short stories. According to him, although he writes for a general audience, his main interest is in positively representing the universal Somali experience. Much of his literary work has also been based on his own life as a gay man, as well as other personal experiences.
Osman published "Earthling", a short story about a young lesbian recently released from a psychiatric unit. Ellah Allfrey in The Daily Telegraph called it "a moving exploration of family, sexuality and mental breakdown set in south-east London". Shortly afterwards, Osman wrote "Pavilion", a story about a "six-foot" Somali transvestite working in a "mental clink". These and other stories were published as part of his 2013 debut collection Fairytales for Lost Children. Osman personally designed the illustrations for the book over several weeks. With the assistance of his cousin Osob Dahir, a poet, he translated the title of each story using Arabic calligraphy.
Fairytales for Lost Children was well received by literary critics, with Magnus Taylor of New Internationalist calling Osman "a startlingly original voice". Similarly, the Lambda Literary Review described the work as "texturally beautiful and tonally gorgeous"; Binyavanga Wainaina hailed the book as "taut, feral, sinewy, fearless", and proclaimed Osman "a new Baldwin". Jameson Fitzpatrick of Next Magazine noted that the "stories are suffused with the possibility of joy and pleasure"; Alison Bechdel added that through storytelling Osman creates a shelter for his displaced characters, "a warm place which is both real and imaginary, in which they find political, sexual, and ultimately psychic liberation;" Bernardine Evaristo, writing in The Independent, hailed Osman as a courageous and original writer, remarking that his language is "crafted with all the concision and riches of poetry." Roxane Gay in The Nation also summarized the piece as a "raw collection of short stories"; Eden Wood of Diva Magazine praising Osman's "vivid and intimate" style; Will Davis, writing in Attitude Magazine, likewise noted that Fairytales for Lost Children was "a rich, complex and lyrical set of tales," adding that "this collection of stories is sure to move and enthral in equal measure." Dominique Sisley of Dazed & Confused commended the collection for exploring subjects "often ignored by mainstream media – namely being LGBT in Africa, and being torn between your sexual impulses and your cultural heritage". Additionally, Somali writer Nuruddin Farah described Osman's prose as "fantastic", indicating that he "read some of the stories more than once and saw in each one of them plenty of talent everywhere".
Osman's writing has appeared in a number of publications, including the Poetry Review, Time Out London, Prospect, Kwani?, Under The Influence, The Guardian, Huffington Post, Vice, Jungle Jim, Attitude and SCARF Magazine, the latter of which was founded by Osman's editor Kinsi Abdulleh.
As a child, Osman was encouraged to draw. He began creating visual art at the age of eight, spending hours alone conjuring up fairy-like fantasies infused with his experience as an immigrant. Walt Disney, Fritz Lang, Gustav Klimt, H. R. Giger and the Japanese filmmaker Hayao Miyazaki were among his main influences. An overall Vogue Magazine sensibility is also evident in the sensuous physiques and catwalk poses of his figures. According to Osman, his art was a creative outlet through which he could channel his frustrations at growing up in a society that did not tolerate homosexuality. His painted images of "goddess-like" women were thus for him "the acceptable, alluring face of what was a dangerous transgression". He also describes his visual creations as "a way of distilling mania and transforming it into something beautiful."
Writing in Another Africa, Elmi Ali notes that Osman's images, "which usually feature female heroines, adorned in intricate lines, decadent and colourful", are "reminiscent of the Art Nouveau masters of the past[...] The Austrian artist Gustav Klimt is hinted at but his work finds an uncanny kinship in Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh, a brilliant Scottish artist also of the Art Nouveau period." However, Ali remarks that Osman's work, like that of William S. Burroughs, "goes a step further, and incorporates Arabic calligraphy and Hebrew". To this end, Osman's piece THE GODDESS COMPLEX – Aquatic Arabesque, which he painted over a three-week commission for an Omani-English couple with whom he was friends, features a poem entitled "Your Love" by the Syrian poet Nizar Qabbani. Osman's At The Altar of Imagination, a non-commissioned drawing, likewise contains Hebrew script in addition to Arabic verses by the Sufi poet Ibn ‘Arabi.
Osman usually paints using 3D textile paint, glow-in-the-dark glue, powder dye and temporary tattoo stickers, among other craft-based materials. He also utilizes Swarovski crystals for a more lavish effect.
In 2014, Osman's short story collection Fairytales for Lost Children won the Polari First Book Prize. He is the first writer from Africa to receive the award. The Guardian also named the work one of the best books of the year. In 2015, Dazed & Confused named him one of the top ten LGBT writers to watch. In the same year his short story "If I Were A Dance" was listed by The Guardian as one of the best representations of LGBT sex in literature. Osman was named one of the most influential LGBTI people in Britain by The Independent on Sunday.
- Fairytales for Lost Children (2013)
- This Is How We Soften Our Hearts (short, 2014)
- How Art Can Save a Life (2014)
- To Be Young, Gay and African (2014) in Gordon, J.R. & Beadle-Blair, R. eds., 2014. Black and Gay in the UK - An Anthology
- THE GODDESS COMPLEX – Aquatic Arabesque
- At The Altar of Imagination
- "Fairytales for Lost Children". Team Angelica. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Artist Diriye Osman". Saatchi Online. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- Alex Hopkins. "Interview: Diriye Osman". Beige Magazine. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- Diriye Osman (14 August 2013). "Finding my voice". Prospect Magazine. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- Ellah Allfrey (9 September 2011). "All Hail the African Renaissance: The Storymoja Hay Festival with the British Council in Nairobi". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- Diriye Osman (18 June 2014). "Why We Must Tell Our Own Stories". Huffington Post. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Diriye Osman (19 October 2011). "Pavilion". Prospect Magazine. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- Magnus Taylor (25 June 2013). "Where is African literature at today?". New Internationalist. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Fairytales for Lost Children". Diriye Osman. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Westhale, July (28 September 2013). "'Fairytales for Lost Children' by Diriye Osman". Lambda Literary. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- Wainaina, Binyavanga (1 December 2014). "Writers pick the best books of 2014: part 2". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- Fitzpatrick, James (9 October 2013). "Happily Ever After, After All". Next Magazine. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- Evaristo, Bernardine (14 October 2013). "Book review: Fairytales for Lost Children, by Diriye Osman". The Independent. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- Sisley, Dominique (3 August 2015). "The LGBT writers to watch". Dazed & Confused. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- Osman, Diriye (18 February 2015). "A Feminine Man Is a Powerful Thing to Be". Vice. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
- "Diriye Osman". Diriye Osman. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Elmi Ali. "Diriye Osman – F is for Fairytales". Another Africa. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "THE GODDESS COMPLEX – Aquatic Arabesque". Saatchi Online. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- "At The Altar of Imagination". Saatchi Online. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "Somali author Diriye Osman wins Polari Prize". BBC. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- Logan, Kirsty (7 October 2015). "The Best LGBT Sex in Literature". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- Morrison, Sarah (15 November 2015). "Rainbow List 2015: 1 to 101". The Independent. Retrieved 15 November 2015.