Dirk Stikker

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Dirk Stikker
Secretaris-generaal van de NATO, mr. D.U. Stikker, tijdens een persconferentie …, Bestanddeelnr 093-0129.jpg
Dirk Stikker in 1964
3rd Secretary General of NATO
In office
21 April 1961 – 1 August 1964
Preceded byPaul-Henri Spaak
Succeeded byManlio Brosio
Permanent Representative of the
Netherlands to NATO and the OECD
In office
15 June 1958 – 21 April 1961
Preceded byEelco van Kleffens
Succeeded byUnknown
Ambassador of the Netherlands
to the United Kingdom
In office
2 September 1952 – 15 June 1958
Preceded byEdgar Michiels
van Verduynen
Succeeded byUnknown
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
7 August 1948 – 2 September 1952
Prime MinisterWillem Drees
Preceded byPim van Boetzelaer
van Oosterhout
Succeeded byJohan Beyen
Chairman of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy
In office
28 January 1948 – 7 August 1948
LeaderPieter Oud
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byPieter Oud
Member of the Senate
In office
20 November 1945 – 7 August 1948
Parliamentary groupPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(1948)
Freedom Party
(1946–1948)
Liberal State Party
(1945–1946)
Personal details
Born
Dirk Uipko Stikker

(1897-02-05)5 February 1897
Winschoten, Netherlands
Died23 December 1979(1979-12-23) (aged 82)
Wassenaar, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(from 1948)
Other political
affiliations
Freedom Party
(1946–1948)
Liberal State Party
(1945–1946)
Spouse(s)
Catharine van der Scheer
(m. 1922; his death 1979)
ChildrenUipko Dirk Stikker (born 1924)
Allerd Stikker (born 1928)
Alma materUniversity of Groningen
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
OccupationPolitician · Diplomat · Civil servant · Businessman · Banker · Corporate director · Nonprofit director

Dirk Uipko Stikker (5 February 1897 – 23 December 1979) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). He served as Secretary General of NATO from 21 April 1961 until 1 August 1964.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Born in Winschoten, he studied law at the University of Groningen. After his studies he began a career in the banking sector. In 1935, he became director of Heineken International, the famous beer company. He held this post until 1948. In 1945, he was among the organizers of the Stichting van de Arbeid (Dutch Labour Foundation), thus helping to lay the foundation of post-war collective bargaining in the Netherlands.

Politics[edit]

Stikker entered politics in 1945, when he was elected to the Senate of the States General. On 23 March 1946, he co-founded the Partij van de Vrijheid (PvdV, Freedom Party), together with some former members of the pre-war Liberale Staatspartij (LSP, Liberal State Party). On 24 January 1948, the PvdV was absorbed by the Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie (VVD, Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy), which is as of 2004 the country's most important Liberal party. Stikker was the VVD's first chairman.

Minister of Foreign Affairs[edit]

In 1948, Stikker became minister of foreign affairs in the first government led by Willem Drees, holding that position until 1951. After his party adopted a no-confidence motion over the government's colonial policy in New Guinea, Stikker resigned on 23 January 1951, prompting the cabinet's fall. He returned to that position less than two months later. The Netherlands played an important role in the creation of NATO and the European Coal and Steel Community during Stikker's time in office as minister of foreign affairs.

Ambassador[edit]

After his ministerial office, Stikker was ambassador to the United Kingdom (1952–1958) and head of the Dutch Permanent Representation to the North Atlantic Council and to the Organization for European Economy Co-operation, the predecessor of the OECD (1958–1961).

Secretary General of NATO[edit]

On 21 April 1961 he succeeded Paul-Henri Spaak to become the third Secretary General of NATO. He resigned due to poor health on 1 August 1964.

Personal[edit]

In 1964, Stikker was awarded an honorary doctorate by Brown University. He died in Wassenaar in 1979, aged 82.

Further reading[edit]

  • Wilsford, David, ed. Political leaders of contemporary Western Europe: a biographical dictionary (Greenwood, 1995) pp. 427–32.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Office established
Chairman of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy

1948
Succeeded by
Pieter Oud
Political offices
Preceded by
Pim van Boetzelaer
van Oosterhout
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1948–1952
Succeeded by
Johan Beyen
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Edgar Michiels
van Verduynen
Ambassador of the Netherlands
to the United Kingdom

1952–1958
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Eelco van Kleffens
Permanent Representative
of the Netherlands to NATO

1958–1961
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Paul-Henri Spaak
Secretary General of NATO Succeeded by
Manlio Brosio