Disability in Russia

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Many disabled face poor provision of facilities, and disabled children are commonly institutionalized as disability is considered shameful and must be hidden.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Such discrimination is widespread even though Russia is a party to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, having signed the treaty on 24 September 2008, and ratified it four years later, on 25 September 2012.[8]

History[edit]

In the Pre-soviet era Commissariats for Invalid Welfare were responsible for services for disabled people. Welfare co-operatives, mutual aid societies and charitable societies were also involved. Between 1929 and 1932 it was estimated that the disabled population was made up of 43% war veterans, 32% industrially injured and the remainder through accidents and disability at birth. In March 1921 775000 wooden arms and legs for disabled soldiers had been produced. In 1926 there were estimated to be 15 blind persons per 10,000 population. There were up to 21000 disabled people in homes.[9]

Sport[edit]

Russia has competed at the Paralympic Games as different nations in its history. As part of the Soviet Union at the 1988 Summer and Winter Games. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia competed as part of the Unified Team in the 1992 Summer Paralympics. They competed for a first time as Russia at the 1994 Winter Paralympics and since then in every summer and winter edition. The 2014 Winter Paralympics was held in Sochi, the first time that Russia hosted the Paralympic Games.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Disabled Discrimination Incident in Russia Reflects Endemic Problem, Experts Say | News". The Moscow Times. 2015-08-13. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  2. ^ "Russia: Children With Disabilities Face Discrimination | Human Rights Watch". Hrw.org. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  3. ^ "No Go Russia: the fight for disability rights in Russia - Channel 4 News". Channel4.com. 2014-03-17. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  4. ^ "Russia devises ingenious way to stop people abusing disabled parking spots | Europe | News". The Independent. 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  5. ^ "The Russian supermodel who defended her autistic sister". BBC News. 2015-08-14. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  6. ^ Galpin, Richard (2009-10-12). "Russia's disabled suffer neglect and abuse". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  7. ^ "Cruelty to supermodel's sister 'not an isolated case', say Russian campaigners | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  8. ^ "UNTC - Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities". Treaties.un.org. Retrieved 2016-04-02.
  9. ^ Khwaja, Barbara (26 May 2017). "Health Reform in Revolutionary Russia". Socialist Health Association. Retrieved 26 May 2017.