Disaccharidases are glycoside hydrolases, enzymes that break down certain types of sugars called disaccharides into simpler sugars called monosaccharides. In the human body, disaccharidases are made mostly in an area of the small intestine's wall called the brush border, making them members of the group of "brush border enzymes".
Examples of disaccharidases
- Lactase (breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose)
- Maltase (breaks down maltose into 2 glucoses)
- Sucrase (breaks down sucrose into glucose and fructose)
- Trehalase (breaks down trehalose into 2 glucoses)
- Charles Scriver, Beaudet, A.L., Valle, D., Sly, W.S., Vogelstein, B., Childs, B., Kinzler, K.W. (Accessed 2007). The Online Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease. New York: McGraw-Hill. - Summaries of 255 chapters, full text through many universities. There is also the OMMBID blog.
- Poley, J. R.; Bhatia, M.; Welsh, J. D. (1978). "Disaccharidase deficiency in infants with cow's milk protein intolerance. Response to treatment". Digestion 17 (2): 97–107. doi:10.1159/000198100. PMID 627328.
- Neale, G (1971). "Disaccharidase deficiencies". J Clin Pathol Suppl (R Coll Pathol) 5: 22–28. PMC 1176256.
- Laws, J. W.; Neale, G. (1966). "Radiological diagnosis of disaccharidase deficiency". Lancet 2 (7455): 139–143. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(66)92424-X. PMID 4161630.
- Laws, J. W.; Spencer, J.; Neale, G. (1967). "Radiology in the diagnosis of disaccharidase deficiency". The British journal of radiology 40 (476): 594–603. doi:10.1259/0007-1285-40-476-594. PMID 4952296.
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