Disappearance of Charlene Downes
|Disappeared||1 November 2003 (aged 14)
Blackpool, Lancashire, England
|Died||c.1 November 2003|
|Description||White, 155 cm (5 ft 1 in), slim, straight shoulder-length brown hair, blue eyes|
|Parent(s)||Karen and Robert Downes|
Charlene Downes (born c. 1989) disappeared on 1 November 2003, when she was 14, from her home town of Blackpool, a seaside town in north-west England. She was last seen in an area of the town centre that contained several takeaway and fast-food units. Lancashire Constabulary, the police force investigating her disappearance, believe that she was murdered within hours of the last sighting.
Two men were tried in May 2007—one for Downes' murder, the other for helping to dispose of her body—but the jury failed to reach a verdict. A re-trial was scheduled, but in April 2008 the accused were released because of concerns about the evidence compiled by Lancashire Constabulary.
The trials brought to light what Julie Bindel described in The Guardian as "endemic child sexual abuse and prostitution" in the town. The police believe that, for a protracted period before her disappearance, Downes had been the victim of child sexual abuse at the hands of one or more men. They interviewed 3,000 people and found that she and other girls in the area had been "swapping sex for food, cigarettes and affection", a form of child sexual exploitation known as localised grooming. It is thought that 60 local girls may have been targeted.
On 1 August 2017, a 51-year-old man was arrested on suspicion of murdering Downes and was released two days later. A £100,000 reward remains on offer for information leading to the conviction of her killer(s) or the recovery of her body.
Early years and education
Downes lived in Buchanan Street, Blackpool, with her parents—Karen Downes and Robert Downes, a former soldier—her brother and two sisters. The family had moved to Blackpool from the West Midlands in 1999. Downes attended St George's School, Blackpool. She was described in court as "well and happy", but she had experienced a "chaotic" lifestyle after being expelled from school, frequenting the area around Blackpool's Central Promenade.
Child sexual exploitation
According to an internal police report, Downes was one of 60 white girls in Blackpool, some as young as 11, who had been groomed by Arab immigrants to carry out sex acts. The girls would be given food and cigarettes by the immigrant male employees of fast-food outlets in exchange for sex.
Charlene's mother, Karen Downes, last spoke to Charlene early in the evening of Saturday, 1 November 2003, in Blackpool town centre. Charlene was wearing black jeans with a gold-eagle design on the front, a black jumper with a white-diamond pattern, and black boots. Police say she may also have been wearing a white cardigan or top with a hood.
Karen was in Church Street handing out flyers for an Indian restaurant when she saw Charlene and one of her other daughters, Rebecca, at around 6:45 pm. The three of them talked briefly. Rebecca said she was going home; Charlene said she was going to meet some female friends. She called them from a local telephone box, then waited with her mother until they arrived. Karen watched the girls walk off together toward the Winter Gardens. That was the last time she saw her daughter.
The friends spent a short time together. Charlene then met another friend at around 9:30 pm and visited the Carousel Bar on the North Pier. There is CCTV footage of a girl at 9 pm on the junction of Dickson Road and Talbot Road (a main thoroughfare that leads from the North Pier to the town centre) that is believed to be Charlene; she is with an unidentified woman in her 30s with dyed-blonde hair wearing a three-quarter-length coat. According to Downes' friend, she and Downes left the Carousel Bar and returned to the town centre at around 10 pm. Her friend last saw her at around 11 pm near Talbot Road/Abingdon Street.
Following a police decision to treat Downes' disappearance as murder, there were several arrests in the case, and two men stood trial in May 2007. The prosecution alleged at Preston Crown Court that Downes had been murdered by Iyad Albattikhi, a 29-year-old man from Jordan and the owner of "Funny Boyz" fast-food outlet in Blackpool. Mohammed Reveshi, Albattikhi's business partner, was accused of disposing of her body. According to the prosecution, Albattikhi had sex with Downes. The prosecution alleged that the men had discussed disposing of her body by putting it in kebabs sold from the fast food outlet.
The jury failed to reach a verdict. A retrial was ordered and scheduled for April 2008, but such serious errors in the Lancashire Constabulary's covert-surveillance evidence were identified that the Crown Prosecution Service could offer no case, and the men were released. Both defendants were given compensation of around £250,000 for false arrest. In 2011 Albattikhi was convicted of assault after headbutting an 18-year-old woman.
After a critical report by the Independent Police Complaints Commission, one of the detectives involved, Det Sgt Jan Beasant, was found guilty of misconduct by Lancashire Constabulary and told to resign, but the Police Arbitration Tribunal overturned the decision. In 2014 Beasant's lawyer said she was suing the police for up to £500,000.
The trial brought to public attention what Julie Bindel described as "endemic child sexual abuse" in Blackpool. According to a police report, the employees of 11 takeaway shops in the town centre had been grooming dozens of white girls aged 13–15, giving them cigarettes, food and alcohol for sex. Mick Gradwell, a former detective superintendent with Lancashire Constabulary, said that the police inquiry into child grooming in Blackpool, Blackburn and Burnley had been "hampered by political correctness", according to the Daily Telegraph, because the girls were white and the perpetrators non-white.
In July 2013 journalist Sean Thomas noted in The Daily Telegraph that the original Charlene Downes article on Wikipedia had been deleted, in June 2007, and argued that this might indicate editorial bias regarding "racialised" murders of white victims, which, he wrote, receive less media coverage than similar murders of black and ethnic-minority victims.
Downes' disappearance became the subject of a BBC One Panorama programme - "The Girl Who Vanished", on 10 November 2014. In December 2014, BBC Crimewatch staged a reconstruction of the last sighting of Downes, and the police offered a £100,000 reward for information leading to the conviction of the killer(s) or recovery of the body.
In April 2008, the week after the attempt at retrial failed, Karen Downes stabbed her husband during an argument. The wounds were minor and he declined to press charges, saying that she was maddened with worry and frustration. In March 2009, Downes' sister, Emma, pleaded not guilty to racially aggravated assault against the brother of the man who had been charged with murdering Charlene. She maintained that her assault on the man's brother had never been racially motivated; on the first day of her trial the prosecution accepted her plea to common assault, a less serious offense. She was sentenced to community service. In 2012, Downes' younger brother admitted in court to punching the man who had faced the charge of helping to dispose of her body. He was given a fine and a suspended sentence.
- "Fears for teenager missing a year". BBC News. 29 October 2004.
- "Charlene Downes", Lancashire Constabulary.
- "IPCC concludes managed investigation into reasons behind collapse of Charlene Downes trial", Independent Police Complaints Commission, 15 October 2009.
- Julie Bindel (30 May 2008). "Beyond the pleasure beach". The Guardian.
- "Man cleared over Charlene murder". BBC News. 9 April 2008.
- Battersby, Matilda (27 December 2011). "Independent Appeal: The project that could prevent another Charlene Downes from disappearing". The Independent.
- "Charlene Downes: Murder arrest in missing Blackpool girl probe", BBC News, 1 August 2017.
- "Charlene Downes: Man released in 2003 missing girl murder probe", BBC News, 3 August 2017.
- "BBC News - Charlene Downes murder: Police offer ₤100k reward". BBC News. 4 December 2014.
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- Price, Ki (7 April 2011). "In a car in the dark alley, a man's arm reached out to caress a child". The Times.
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- Hughes, Mark (16 October 2009). "Police errors mean girl's killer may never be found". The Independent.
- BBC Crimewatch, 13 December 2004, courtesy of YouTube, from 00:02:51.
- "Police chief's worst fears over Charlene". Blackpool Gazette. 25 March 2003.
- "Mother of murdered girl tells of grief". Lancashire Telegraph. 25 May 2007.
- Bradshaw, Charlotte (24 May 2007). "Schoolgirl 'murdered by shop owner'". The Westmorland Gazette.
- "Charlene received chilling letter". Blackpool Gazette. 27 June 2007.
- "Missing girl's body 'put into kebab'". The Daily Telegraph. 24 May 2007.
- "Charlene Downes murder detective forced to resign". BBC News. 24 December 2011.
- Chadderton, Sam (21 June 2011). "Blackburn man jailed for attack on girl". Lancashire Telegraph.
- "Charlene Downes murder detective 'should be reinstated'". BBC News. 17 December 2012.
- "'Scapegoat' murder detective to sue police". Blackpool Gazette. 1 April 2014.
- Collins, Nick (7 April 2011). "60 girls groomed for sex at takeaway shops in Blackpool". The Daily Telegraph.
- Thomas, Sean (31 July 2013). "The Murder of Stephen Lawrence and the Strange Case of the Missing Wikipedia Entries". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 August 2013.
- "The Girl Who Vanished". BBC Panorama. 10 November 2014.
- "Charlene Downes' sister accused of assault". Blackpool Gazette. 10 March 2009.
- "Murder row sister admits to assault". Blackpool Gazette. September 3, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
- "Charlene's sister attacked brother of murder accused". Blackpool Gazette. 2 October 2009.
- "Previously accused punched by missing girl's brother". Blackpool Gazette. February 21, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
- "Charlene brother back in court". Blackpool Gazette. 5 June 2013.
- "Man arrested over murder of Charlene Downes". Blackpool Gazette. 1 August 2017.