Death of Erica Parsons

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Erica Lynn Parsons
Erica Parsons.jpg
Born Erica Lynn Parsons
(1998-02-24)February 24, 1998
Concord, North Carolina
Disappeared December 17, 2011
Salisbury, North Carolina
Status Deceased
Died c. December 17, 2011 (2011-12-18) (aged 13)
Body discovered September 27, 2016
Chesterfield County, South Carolina
Residence Salisbury, North Carolina
Nationality American
Known for Missing child who was reported missing on July 30, 2013
Parent(s) Carolyn Parsons and Billy Goodman (biological)
Sandy and Casey Parsons (adoptive)

Erica Lynn Parsons (born February 24, 1998 -c. December 17, 2011) was a 13-year-old girl from Salisbury, North Carolina who disappeared mysteriously in 2011.

On July 30, 2013, Erica's brother Jamie reported to police she was missing and that he had not seen her since November 2011, stating their parents "killed Erica and buried her in our back yard," but later retracted this.[1] Erica had been adopted at birth and raised by Sandy and Casey Parsons, relatives of her biological mother.[2] When questioned by police, the Parsonses claimed that Erica went to live with her biological paternal grandmother. Further investigation revealed Erica had not been seen alive since her disappearance in 2011, and police could not find evidence to support the existence of the grandmother, who relatives claimed was already deceased.[1][3][4] In 2014, Casey and Sandy Parsons were convicted of fraudulently accepting federal benefits for Erica when she was not living with them.[5]

In September 2016, Sandy Parsons led authorities to Erica's remains in Chesterfield County, South Carolina.[4][3] Coroners were unable to determine the exact cause of death, but ruled the manner of death "homicidal violence of undetermined means."[6]

Background[edit]

Erica Lynn Parsons was born on February 24, 1998 to Carolyn Parsons. She separated from her husband, Steve, before Erica was born and he was not the biological father. Carolyn, who had three other children, felt she couldn't afford to care for Erica and sought alternative placement for her, stating she didn't want the child to grow up in foster care or homeless shelters as she had. Erica was taken in by Sandy and Casey Parsons, the brother and sister-in-law, respectively, of Carolyn Parson's husband.[2] The adoption was finalized in 2000. Carolyn Parsons had occasional visits with Erica and last saw her in January 2011.[7][8] Erica's biological father, Billy Dean Goodman, died of natural causes in 2016.[9][2]

Erica had a slight hearing impairment. She was homeschooled most of her school years.[2]

Investigation[edit]

On July 30, 2013, Erica's then 19-year-old brother Jamie Parsons reported Erica missing after a fight with his parents. He said he had not seen his adoptive sister in almost two years. He told police that Erica had been abused and he believed his parents had killed Erica and buried her in their backyard. He later retracted those statements, although he did later testify to ongoing abuse at his parents trial.[1][10][8] Jamie testified that the last time he saw Erica was November 19, 2011. She was standing in a corner, which was a common punishment Erica endured. "She didn't look too good – she looked like a zombie," he said. "She said she did not feel good. She said she could not breathe too good." Casey Parsons heard this and told her "to shut the fuck up." When he awoke the next morning, his parents had left early, which was unusual, and Erica was gone. His parents returned to the home without Erica and he felt something wasn't right, "Mama looked normal," he said. "Daddy looked sick, like he was about to throw up," James Parsons testified. "Mama went on her recliner with the computer. Daddy, it was a blank stare." When asked where Erica was, they told Jamie Erica had gone to live with her biological grandmother.[2]

Police began an investigation into Erica's disappearance. Casey and Sandy Parsons claimed that Erica was with her biological paternal grandmother Irene "Nan" Goodman in Asheville, North Carolina, a woman they claim to have first made contact with in July 2011 after Goodman wanted to forge a relationship with her granddaughter. Investigators have found no evidence of her existence. Billy Goodman's mother, Cloie Goodman, died in 2005 and he claims there is no Irene Goodman in his family.[11][8] Casey Parsons described Erica and Goodman meeting at a McDonald's in Mooresville, North Carolina in September 2011, followed by several further visits. On one of those visits in December 2011, Casey Parsons said, Erica asked to stay with her grandmother permanently. In February 2012, shortly before Erica's 14th birthday, Casey Parsons said she talked with Erica by telephone for the last time, as further calls reached a disconnected number. Casey told Dr. Phil on his show that she has since lost the phone number she used.[12][13]

Sandy and Casey Parsons appeared on the Dr. Phil show on August 20 and 21, 2013.[12] Casey Parsons told Dr. Phil that Erica took none of her personal belongings with her because when she went to stay with Goodman, they had purchased all new clothing for her to wear. When Goodman picked her up, a woman who goes by the nickname "Strawberry" was also there and showed them a stash of clothing with tags in the back of their van. The house where she was reportedly staying had a stable with horses. The Parsonses claimed that they also took their other daughter, Brook along with them to take Erica to Asheville. Brook disputed the claim in her own interviews with police, saying she never rode to Asheville to take Erica to live there.[1][12]

Abuse allegations[edit]

A number of witnesses testified at the Parsonses' trial that Erica was routinely abused by the Parsons family, particularly Casey. Casey Parsons's sister, Robin Ashley testified that Casey beat Erica and often made her stand in the corner. Photographs of Erica standing in the corner on five different occasions were presented to the court. Ashley testified that she saw bruises and marks on Erica and that Casey relinquished the child to Ashley's custody for several months so that Casey "wouldn't kill her." Parsons took her back fearing she would get in trouble for receiving money for a child who was not in her home. Warrants showed the couple continued to cash checks when Erica was not living with them.[8][14]

Jamie Parsons testified that nearly everyone in the family had abused Erica routinely, something that Casey encouraged. According to Jamie, Casey would often bend Erica's fingers backwards to break them, but deny her medical assistance, instead making homemade casts. Jamie also testified that Erica was forced to live in a closet and would be locked inside for hours at a time and was beaten when she relieved herself in the closet. She was also reportedly forced to eat canned dog food. Jamie testified that Sandy would often get mad and punch Erica on her head.[14][8] Soon after Erica was reported missing, Sandy and Casey Parsons hired an attorney, believing they were suspects.[13] Investigators found red stains in the house but have not said what tests showed about them.[8]

Related federal charges[edit]

On July 30, 2014, Sandy and Casey Parsons were arrested in Fayetteville on federal fraud charges. The couple had been receiving monthly checks of $634 for adoption assistance and continued cashing those checks after Erica was no longer living with them. They also continued to claim Erica on their taxes.[15][16][17][18] Casey Parsons pleaded guilty to 15 charges[19] while Sandy went to trial. A jury found Sandy Parsons guilty on most charges in October, 2014.[20] At a sentencing hearing in federal court on February 18, 2015, Jamie Parsons and Robin Ashley testified about abuse Erica received at the hands of the Parsons family. Federal prosecutor Anand Ramaswamy said there was no record of Erica during the time her adoptive parents illegally accepted money, claiming, "The reason is she's no longer alive." The hearing was continued until March 27.[21]

Prosecutors also presented evidence of a series of scams allegedly perpetuated by Casey Parsons. In 2000, Casey was hired to be a surrogate mother. She became pregnant and took a payment of $10,000 for her services. Weeks later, she called the biological mother, Amy Miller, to say that she had miscarried. Miller says she believed Casey was still pregnant as Casey refused to turn over medical records, changed her phone number, and sent her "nasty emails."[12] Casey then offered to sell the baby to her sister, Robin, who in turn searched for Miller online to tell her Casey was indeed still pregnant and that Casey had taken money from two other couples who wanted to adopt the baby. Miller was able to take custody of her child at birth after getting law enforcement involved. Evidence was also presented of an eBay scam where Casey accepted money for items listed on eBay, but never sent the items.[2][22] Judge Schroeder called Casey a "serial swindler."[23]

On March 27, U.S. District Judge Thomas Schroeder sentenced Casey Parsons to 10 years and her husband to 8 years for fraud.[24] Schroeder "believes Casey was the brains behind what happened" and said Erica "endured horrific abuse" and that the fraud distracted investigators from the other problems. The judge also said there was no evidence Erica was living.[5] Federal records showed that as of July, Casey Parsons, whose release date is December 11, 2023, was sent to Carswell Federal Medical Center in Texas. Sandy Parsons, to be released March 14, 2022, was sent to Butner Federal Prison in North Carolina.[11] Casey Parsons was later sent to Federal Correctional Center Tallahassee.[25]

Both parents have appealed their sentences. The United States Supreme Court rejected Sandy Parsons's appeal in June 2016.[26]

Additional information[edit]

Sandy Parsons was considered "strongly deceptive" by an FBI agent after taking a polygraph test, while Casey Parsons claimed to be in too much pain for a polygraph to be accurate.[7][27]

On August 27, 2013, Sandy and Casey Parsons moved to Fayetteville, North Carolina.[7] Their two youngest biological children were removed from the home by the Department of Social Services shortly after the criminal case against them began.[10][8][28]

On January 30, 2014, the Federal Bureau of Investigation offered a $25,000 reward in addition to the $10,000 offered by the sheriff.[29] Six months later, the total reward increased to $50,000.[30]

In September 2015, an Illinois tracker dog company called K-9 Specialties came to Salisbury after being hired by local residents.[31]

On September 29, 2016, after another round of searches and questioning, Sandy Parsons led investigators to Erica's skeletal remains. They were buried in a small grave near the home of Sandy's mother on Blair Hendrick road, between the towns of Pageland and Mount Croghan, South Carolina.[32][33] Before the discovery, detectives recovered items in the search of a shed on property belonging to Sandy, including: a video tape, a hammer, teeth, and school records.[34]

Discovery of remains[edit]

After talking to investigators on numerous occasions, Sandy Parsons led authorities to the remains of Erica Parsons that had been buried in Chesterfield County, South Carolina.[4]

Investigators conducted several interviews with Sandy Parsons according to the warrant.

Accorrding to the warrant, Sandy Parsons admitted his "harsh treatment" of Erica.

"The treatment included, but was not limited to, locking Erica in a closet, beating her with a belt buckle, bending her fingers back and choking her," the warrant states.

UNC School of Medicine Dr. Cynthia Brown characterized the treatment of Erica as "child torture."

The warrant also lays out exactly how investigators from Rowan County were able to locate Erica's remains in South Carolina.

The warrant states that in August, Sandy Parsons acknowledged to Rowan County Sheriff's investigator Chad Moose that Erica was dead. Sandy Parsons described the treatment Erica received, and the disposal of her body.

Sandy Parsons said that the body was discarded on December 19, 2011, and that it could be found off Taylor Chapel Road in Pageland, SC., near the home of his mother.

Investigators worked with Rowan County District Attorney Brandy Cook to obtain a release for Sandy Parsons to get out of prison so that he could show investigators where to find the remains.

On September 20, an Order for Custody of a Federal Inmate was issued by a judge, allowing an Escort Team to take custody of Sandy Parsons and bring him from the Butner prison to Pageland so that he could "show the location of Erica Parsons clandestine grave."

The body was recovered in that location, and Sandy Parsons was returned to the prison at Butner.

Autopsy results[edit]

The North Carolina Office of the Medical Examiner reported that Erica died of "homicidal violence of undetermined means."[35] According to the autopsy, Erica had many fractures in various stages of healing. Fractures were found in her nose, jaw, upper right arm, nine ribs and several vertebrae. The state of her bones also showed evidence of malnourishment.[6] The Rowan county Sheriff received the report January 9, 2018 and began the process of determining criminal charges.[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d CBS News Staff (September 29, 2016). "Remains found of N.C. girl who went missing in 2011, officials say". CBS News. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Washburn, Mark (September 29, 2016). "Missing nearly five years, Erica Parsons found buried in rural S.C." Charlotte Observer. 
  3. ^ a b "Sheriff: Sandy Parsons led investigators to Erica's remains". NBC. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "Body of Erica Parsons discovered five years after she disappeared". wsoctv.com. 29 September 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Walker, Shavonne (March 27, 2015). "Casey Parsons gets 10 years, Sandy, 8; judge says Erica Parsons no longer exists". Salisbury Post. Retrieved March 27, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Marusak, Joe (January 9, 2018). "NC girl who lived in a house of horror died any of several torturous ways, autopsy finds". Charlotte Observer. 
  7. ^ a b c Wootson Jr., Cleve R. (August 29, 2013). "Erica's mother: Adoptive parents not forthcoming". The Charlotte Observer. p. 1B. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Potts, Shavonne (July 30, 2014). "Erica Parsons: A Year Later". Salisbury Post. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  9. ^ Walker, Shavonne (January 15, 2016). "Police: Erica Parsons' biological father's death believed to be natural causes". Salisbury Post. 
  10. ^ a b Wootson Jr., Cleve R. (July 14, 2014). "A year later, clues few in search for teen; Erica Parsons' biological mother questions investigators' progress". The Charlotte Observer. p. 1A. 
  11. ^ a b Walker, Shavonne (July 18, 2015). "Casey Parsons moved to Texas prison, Erica Parsons candlelight vigil planned for August". Salisbury Post. Retrieved July 18, 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c d McGraw, Phil (August 20, 2013). "Dr. Phil Show". CBS. 
  13. ^ a b Burley, Dan (August 9, 2013). "Hunt for missing teen to get assist from FBI, SBI". The Charlotte Observer. p. 6B. 
  14. ^ a b Whisenant, David (March 26, 2015). "Casey and Sandy Parsons sentenced to combined 18 years in prison". WBTV. 
  15. ^ "Sandy and Casey Parsons arrested on fraud charges". Salisbury Post. July 30, 2014. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  16. ^ Potts, Shavonne (August 1, 2014). "Adoptive parents launch website for missing Erica Lynn Parsons". Salisbury Post. Retrieved August 1, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Parsonses trial set for Sept. 8". Salisbury Post. August 8, 2014. p. 1A. 
  18. ^ "Trial delayed for Erica Parsons' parents". WCNC-TV. August 19, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  19. ^ Gamm, Joe (October 1, 2014). "Casey Parsons pleads guilty to fraud charges". News & Record. Retrieved October 2, 2014. 
  20. ^ Potts, Shavonne (October 28, 2014). "Jurors find Sandy Parsons guilty of fraud". Salisbury Post. Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  21. ^ Walker, Shavonne (February 19, 2015). "Federal prosecutor believes missing teen Erica Parsons may be dead". Salisbury Post. Retrieved February 19, 2015. 
  22. ^ Washburn, Mark (March 27, 2015). "Judge rips Parsonses for Erica's life, death". Charlotte Observer. 
  23. ^ Walker, Shavonne (March 27, 2015). "Casey Parsons gets 10 years, Sandy, 8; judge says Erica Parsons no longer exists". Salisbury Post. 
  24. ^ "Judge blames couple for Erica Parsons' death". Winston-Salem Journal. McClatchy Tribune. March 27, 2015. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  25. ^ Washburn, Mark (June 17, 2016). "Casey Parsons, adoptive mother of missing girl, moved to Florida prison". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved June 30, 2016. 
  26. ^ Walker, Shavonne (June 29, 2016). "U.S. Supreme Court rejects Sandy Parsons' appeal for reduced sentence". Salisbury Post. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  27. ^ Davies, Katie; Warren, Lydia (August 21, 2013). "Adoptive father of missing girl who insists she is safe is ruled 'strongly deceptive' on Dr Phil polygraph after being accused of her murder... and his wife REFUSES to be tested". Daily Mail. Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  28. ^ Burcham, Kathryn (September 11, 2014). "Custody hearing for adoptive siblings of Erica Parsons". WSOC-TV. Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  29. ^ Wootson Jr., Cleve R. (January 31, 2014). "FBI adds reward in Parsons case $25,000 offered to help locate Erica, the missing teen from Rowan County". The Charlotte Observer. p. 1A. 
  30. ^ "Reward for information in Parsons case now $50,000". Salisbury Post. July 30, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2014. 
  31. ^ Whisenant, David (September 8, 2015). "Concerned residents bring in man with trained dogs to search for Erica Parsons". WBTV. Retrieved September 23, 2015. 
  32. ^ WBTV Staff (October 1, 2016). "Sheriff: Missing NC girl Erica Parsons' adoptive father led investigators to her body". WNCN. 
  33. ^ "Erica Parsons' remains found in South Carolina". Retrieved 2016-09-30. 
  34. ^ "Remains found of N.C. girl who went missing in 2011, officials say". Retrieved 2016-09-30. 
  35. ^ "Autopsy: Erica Parsons had many broken bones". Winston-Salem Journal. Associated Press. January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2o18.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  36. ^ "Sheriff's Office reviewing Erica Parsons' case to determine charges". Salisbury Post. January 10, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2018.