Disaster Relief Act of 1974

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Disaster Relief Act of 1974
Great Seal of the United States
Long title An Act entitled the "Disaster Relief Act Amendments of 1974"
Acronyms (colloquial) DRAA
Nicknames Disaster Relief Act Amendments of 1974
Enacted by the 93rd United States Congress
Effective April 1, 1974
Public law 93-288
Statutes at Large 88 Stat. 143
Titles amended 42 U.S.C.: Public Health and Social Welfare
U.S.C. sections amended 42 U.S.C. ch. 68 § 5121 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the Senate as S. 3062 by Quentin N. Burdick (D-ND) on February 26, 1974
  • Committee consideration by Senate Public Works
  • Passed the Senate on April 10, 1974 (91-0)
  • Passed the House on April 11, 1974 (Passed)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on May 9, 1974; agreed to by the Senate on May 9, 1974 (Agreed) and by the House on May 15, 1974 (392-0)
  • Signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon on May 22, 1974

The Disaster Relief Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-288) was passed into law by the then President Richard Nixon as a United States federal law that established the process of presidential disaster declarations.[1] It was to better handle the array of disasters that occur annually throughout the 50 states. At one point, more than one hundred federal agencies were involved in handling disasters and emergencies. The Act also helped give more fixed relief to disaster survivors.


In 1979, President Jimmy Carter consolidated many of them into the new Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) by Executive Order 12127.

Flooding post Hurricane Katrina

In November 1988, the United States Congress amended the Act and renamed it the Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 100-707).[2][3]

This act was further amended by the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000.[4]


  1. ^ "149 - Statement About the Disaster Relief Act of 1974". www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 93-288) as amended". FEMA. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Disaster Relief Act". www.investopedia.com. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended by Public Law 106-390, October 30, 2000". www.disastersrus.org. Retrieved 27 November 2012.