Disasters Emergency Committee

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The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) is an umbrella group[1] of UK charities[2] which coordinates and launches collective appeals to raise funds to provide emergency aid and rapid relief to people caught up in disasters and humanitarian crises around the world.

Since being formed in 1963, the DEC has had strong relationships with major UK broadcasters in particular the BBC and ITV, who provide airtime to broadcast emergency appeals upon its recommendation.[3]

It is a member of the global Emergency Appeals Alliance, which reports that since its first television appeal in 1966, the DEC has raised over £1.4 billion[4].

The DEC is a registered charity(charity no:1062638)[5] with 13 charity members all with associated disaster relief capabilities such as providing clean water, humanitarian aid and medical care. Since 2011, it has been chaired by Clive Jones.[6]

Notable DEC appeals[edit]

The first DEC appeal was run for victims of an earthquake in Turkey in 1966.[7]

In 2004, the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) ran UK television appeals and telephone lines for donations following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsumani, which raised a record £392m in public donations,[8]

Between January and July 2010, the DEC appealed for donations following the 2010 Haiti earthquake, raising a total of £107 million.[9]

On 22 January 2009, the BBC declined a request from the DEC to screen an appeal to raise money to aid relief efforts for victims of conflict in the Gaza Strip. This decision was the object of considerable controversy within the BBC[10] as it is the only time the BBC is known to have refused such a request from the DEC; the 2009 Gaza appeal in question was screened by Channel 4 and ITV and raised £8.3m.[11] Since then, the BBC has broadcast other DEC aid appeals for people in Gaza, without similar controversy. The DEC August 2014 Gaza appeal shown by the BBC helped to raise £16m over two years.[12]

On the launch of its recent (Oct 2017) appeal for Rohingya refugees fleeing Myanmar to Bangladesh, the UK Government pledged to double public donations up to £3 million.[13]

Member charities of the Disasters Emergency Committee[edit]

From website[14] ActionAid , British Red Cross, CAFOD, CARE International, Christian Aid, Concern, Age UK, Islamic Relief, Oxfam, Plan UK, Save the Children, Tearfund, World Vision

DEC appeals history 1963–2017[edit]

Recent[15] and archive[16] DEC appeals.

DATE LOCATION APPEAL REASON AMOUNT RAISED
1966-08 (Aug) Turkey Earthquake £560,000
1967–06 (Jun) Middle East War £160,000
1968–02 (Feb) Vietnam War £360,000
1968–09 (Sep) Iran Earthquake £210,000
1968–11 (Nov) Nigeria War £240,000
1969–10 (Oct) Algeria and Tunisia Floods £90,000
1969–11 (Nov) Yugoslavia Earthquake £60,000
1970–03 (Mar) Turkey Earthquake £370,000
1970–06 (Jun) Peru Earthquake £230,000
1970–06 (Jun) Romania Floods £110,000
1970–11 (Nov) East Pakistan (Bangladesh) Cyclone £1,490,000
1971–06 (Jun) India and Pakistan War £1,420,000
1972–12 (Dec) Nicaragua Earthquake £340,000
1973–10 (Oct) Ethiopia and the Sahel Drought £1,540,000
1974–09 (Sep) Honduras Hurricane £350,000
1976–02 (Feb) Guatemala Earthquake £1,300,000
1979–09 (Sep) Indo-China War £560,000
1979–11 (Nov) India Cyclone £870,000
1980–06 (Jun) East Africa Drought £6,100,000
1982–03 (Mar) Central America War £430,000
1982–07 (Jul) Lebanon War £1,030,000
1983–03 (Mar) Ethiopia Famine £1,970,000
1984–06 (Jun) Africa Famine £9,520,000
1984–10 (Oct) Ethiopia Famine £5,250,000
1985–05 (May) Bangladesh Cyclone £1,400,000
1987–06 (Jun) Mozambique War/Drought £2,480,000
1987–12 (Dec) Ethiopia Famine £2,690,000
1988–08 (Aug) Sudan Floods £8,890,000
1988–09 (Sep) Bangladesh Floods £5,810,000
1988–09 (Sep) Caribbean Hurricane £1,000,000
1989–12 (Dec) Ethiopia Famine £10,240,000
1990–09 (Sep) Gulf War £3,490,000
1991–01 (Jan) Africa £7,930,000
1991–05 (May) Bangladesh Cyclone £3,520,000
1991–06 (Jun) Africa £2,600,000
1992–09 (Sep) Africa £17,300,000
1993–10 (Oct) Africa War £2,530,000
1994–02 (Feb) Yugoslavia War £2,600,000
1994–05 (May) Rwanda War/Genocide £37,000,000
1998–05 (May) Sudan War/Drought/Floods £10,500,000
1998–09 (Sep) Bangladesh Floods £5,500,000
1998–11 (Nov) Central America Hurricane £18,500,000
1999–04 (Apr) Kosovo War £53,000,000
1999–11 (Nov) India Cyclone £7,000,000
2000–03 (Mar) Mozambique Floods £30,000,000
2001–02 (Feb) India Earthquake £24,000,000
2002–01 (Jan) DR Congo Volcano £4,650,000
2002–07 (Jul) Southern Africa Drought/Floods £16,000,000
2003–08 (Aug) Liberia War £2,500,000
2004–07 (Jul) Sudan War £35,000,000
2004–12 (Dec) Asia Tsunami/Earthquake £392,000,000
2005–08 (Aug) Niger Drought/Locust £32,000,000
2005–10 (Oct) India and Pakistan Earthquake £59,000,000
2007–05 (May) Darfur and Chad War £13,600,000
2007–11 (Nov) Bangladesh Cyclone £9,000,000
2008–05 (May) Myanmar (Burma) Cyclone £19,500,000
2008–11 (Nov) DR Congo War £10,500,000
2009–01 (Jan) Gaza War £8,300,000
2009–10 (Oct) Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam Earthquake/Typhoon £9,300,000
2010–01 (Jan) Haiti Earthquake £107,000,000
2010–08 (Aug) Pakistan Floods £71,000,000
2011–07 (Jul) East Africa Drought/Famine £79,000,000
2013–03 (Mar) Syria War £27,000,000
2013–11 (Nov) Philippines Typhoon £97,000,000
2014–08 (Aug) Gaza War £19,000,000
2014–10 (Oct) West Africa Disease (Ebola) £37,000,000
2015–04 (Apr) Nepal Earthquake £87,000,000
2016–12 (Dec) Yemen War £24,000,000 (open as at 4 Oct 2017)
2016-12 (Dec) East Africa Drought/Famine £60,000,000 (open as at 4 Oct 2017)
2017-10 (Oct) Bangladesh (Rohingya from Myanmar) Refugees £7,000,000 (open as at 14 Oct 2017)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "How we work". Disasters Emergency Committee. 2015-01-30. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  2. ^ "The Charity Commission - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  3. ^ "Disasters Emergency Committee, UK - Emergency Appeals Alliance". Emergency Appeals Alliance. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  4. ^ "Disasters Emergency Committee, UK - Emergency Appeals Alliance". Emergency Appeals Alliance. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  5. ^ "Charity overview". Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  6. ^ "Clive Jones, chair of the Disasters Emergency Committee". Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  7. ^ "Appeals Archive". Disasters Emergency Committee. 2014-11-26. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  8. ^ Kweifio-Okai, Carla (2014-12-25). "Where did the Indian Ocean tsunami aid money go?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  9. ^ "Haiti Earthquake Appeal". Disasters Emergency Committee. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Holmwood, Leigh (2009-01-26). "BBC staff protest over decision not to show Gaza aid appeal". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  11. ^ "Appeals Archive". Disasters Emergency Committee. 2014-11-26. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  12. ^ "Gaza Crisis Appeal". Disasters Emergency Committee. 2014-08-08. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  13. ^ "Disasters Emergency Committee appeal for people fleeing Burma reaches £3 million with UK aid support - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  14. ^ "How we work". Disasters Emergency Committee. 2015-01-30. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  15. ^ "Appeals". Disasters Emergency Committee. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  16. ^ "Appeals Archive". Disasters Emergency Committee. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

External links[edit]