Disciplinary probation

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Not to be confused with academic probation which is the initial probationary period in the employment of an academic, or scholastic probation which is the result of a student having low grade point averages.

Disciplinary probation is a disciplinary status that can apply to students at a higher educational institution[1] or to employees in the workplace.[2] For employees, it can result from both poor performance at work or from misconduct.[2] For students, it results from misconduct alone, with poor academic performance instead resulting in scholastic probation.[1]

For a student, disciplinary probation means that the student is on formal notice, and subject to special rules and regulations.[1][3] The violation of these rules may lead to more severe forms of discipline, such as suspension, dismissal, and expulsion.[3]

For employees, disciplinary probation is one common step in a scheme of progressive discipline. It is a common replacement, in non-unionized workplaces, for the progressive disciplinary step of suspension without pay. A usual period for such probation is 90 days.[4] Some companies may place permanent employees on probationary status, particularly if their performance is below a set standard or for disciplinary reasons. In this instance, the employee is usually given a period of time to either improve their performance or modify their behaviour before more severe measures are taken.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Asa Smallidge Knowles (1977). "disciplinary probation". International encyclopedia of higher education. 1. Jossey-Bass. ISBN 978-0-87589-324-2. 
  2. ^ a b Arthur R. Pell (2003). "Putting Employees on Probation". The Complete Idiot's Guide to Managing People. Complete Idiot's Guides (3rd ed.). Alpha Books. p. 350. ISBN 978-1-59257-145-1.  ISBN 159257145X.
  3. ^ a b Thomas Allan Brady and L. F. Snoxell (1965). Student discipline in higher education. Student personnel series. 5. American Personnel and Guidance Association. p. 6. 
  4. ^ Richard C. Grote (2006). Discipline without punishment (2nd ed.). AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn. pp. 5–8. ISBN 978-0-8144-7330-6. 

Further reading[edit]

  • board of regents of the University of Washington (1972). "WAC 478-120-040: Disciplinary sanctions". Washington Administrative Code. Washington State Legislature.  — an example of university regulations governing disciplinary probation
  • Harvey Randall (2010-06-21). "Disciplinary probation". New York Public Personnel Law. Public Employment Law Press. ISSN 1937-4895.  — analysis of some New York State case law regarding disciplinary probation
  • Yosie Saint-Cyr (April 2005). "Disciplinary Probation". HRM Guide. First Reference.  — disciplinary probation in Canadian employment law
  • Paula A Barran (2008-02-29). "Commentary: Probation can be a dicey proposition". Daily Journal of Commerce. Portland, OR.  — Barran's advice to employers for the terms to set for disciplinary probation