Cornufer guppyi

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Cornufer guppyi
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ceratobatrachidae
Genus: Cornufer
Subgenus: Cornufer (Discodeles)
Species:
C. guppyi
Binomial name
Cornufer guppyi
(Boulenger, 1884)
Synonyms[3]

Rana guppyi Boulenger, 1884[2]
Discodeles guppyi (Boulenger, 1884)

Cornufer guppyi (common name: giant webbed frog or Shortland Island webbed frog) is a species of frog in the family Ceratobatrachidae.[3] It is named after Henry B. Guppy who collected the holotype from the Shortland Islands.[2][4] It is found in New Britain Island (Papua New Guinea) and in the Solomon Islands archipelago, where it is widespread, though it is missing from Makira island (=San Cristobal).[3]

Cornufer guppyi is the type species and the sole representative of the subgenus Discodeles (formerly recognized as a genus).[5]

Description[edit]

Cornufer guppyi are large frogs: females can be as large as 250 mm (9.8 in) in snout–vent length and weigh 1 kg (2.2 lb).[5] Females up to 60 mm (2.4 in) may still not be mature. The snout is rounded. The tympanum is round.[6] The fingers and toes have moderately expanded terminal discs. The toes are fully webbed.[5] The legs are long. Males have external vocal sacs.[7] Preserved specimens show variable colouration, from light tan/almost white to greyish to dark reddish brown, with various darker brown or blackish brown marbling or blotching. The venter is light tan or whitish, often with some brown blotches or speckles.[6]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Cornufer guppyi is a common species. It inhabits streams and small rivers in lowland rainforests up to elevations of 700 m (2,300 ft) above sea level. It also tolerates some habitat degradation and can be found in rural gardens and degraded forests. It is also known from caves. It can be locally impacted by habitat loss caused by logging, and by collection for human consumption and pet trade.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Richards, S.; Parker, F. (2004). "Cornufer guppyi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T58256A11744557. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58256A11744557.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b Boulenger, G. A. (1884). "Diagnoses of new reptiles and batrachians from the Solomon Islands, collected and presented to the British Museum by H. B. Guppy, Esq., M.B., H.M.S. 'Lark'". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1884: 210–213. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1884.tb02822.x.
  3. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2017). "Cornufer guppyi (Boulenger, 1884)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael & Grayson, Michael (2013). The Eponym Dictionary of Amphibians. Pelagic Publishing. pp. 86–87. ISBN 978-1-907807-42-8.
  5. ^ a b c Brown, Rafe M.; Siler, Cameron D.; Richards, Stephen J.; Diesmos, Arvin C. & Cannatella, David C. (2015). "Multilocus phylogeny and a new classification for Southeast Asian and Melanesian forest frogs (family Ceratobatrachidae)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 174 (1): 130–168. doi:10.1111/zoj.12232.
  6. ^ a b Brown, Walter C. (1952). "The amphibians of the Solomon Islands". Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 107: 3–64.
  7. ^ Zweifel, Richard G. (1960). "Results of the 1958–1959 Gilliard New Britain Expedition. 3. Notes on the frogs of New Britain". American Museum Novitates. 202: 1–27.