Discodorididae

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Discodorididae
Rostanga elandsia 2008.jpg
Rostanga elandsia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Nudipleura
clade Nudibranchia
Superfamily: Doridoidea
Family: Discodorididae
Bergh, 1891
Type genus
Discodoris
Genera

See text.

Synonyms[1]
  • Diaululinae Bergh, 1891
  • Geitodorididae Odhner, 1968
  • Gruveliinae Thiele, 1931
  • Halgerdinae Odhner, 1926
  • Kentrodoridinae Bergh, 1891
  • Platydoridinae Bergh, 1891
  • Rostangidae Pruvot-Fol, 1951

Discodorididae is a taxonomic family of sea slugs, specifically dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Doridoidea.[2]

Species in this family belong to the cryptobranch dorid nudibranchs, i.e. they are able to retract their gills into a gill pocket (cryptobranch = hidden gills). Most are small and hard to identify. Most are thought to feed at night on sponges, while during the day they search for dark areas or remain hidden under rocks.

One example of a discodoridid is the "Pacific sea lemon" or "speckled sea lemon", Peltodoris nobilis, which occurs off the coast of British Columbia to Baja California from low-tide waters to a depth of about 200 m. Not only is this species yellow with a bumpy surface, but it also gives off a strong fruity citrus smell when handled, adding to its resemblance to a lemon.

Genera[edit]

Genera within the family Discodorididae include:[3][4]

Genera brought into synonymy
  • Adura [sic]: synonym of Audura Bergh, 1878: synonym of Jorunna Bergh, 1876
  • Anisodoris Bergh, 1898: synonym of Diaulula Bergh, 1878
  • Ansiodoris [sic]: synonym of Anisodoris Bergh, 1898: synonym of Diaulula Bergh, 1878
  • Audura Bergh, 1878 : synonym of Jorunna Bergh, 1876
  • Awuka Er. Marcus, 1955 : synonym of Jorunna Bergh, 1876
  • Boreodoris Odhner, 1939 : synonym of Rostanga Bergh, 1879
  • Carryodoris Vayssière, 1919: synonym of Geitodoris Bergh, 1891
  • Centrodoris P. Fischer, 1883 : synonym of Kentrodoris Bergh, 1874
  • Discodorididae aliciae Dayrat, 2005: synonym of “Montereina” aliciae (Dayrat, 2005)
  • Erythrodoris Pruvot-Fol, 1933: synonym of Discodoris Bergh, 1877
  • Fracassa Bergh, 1878: synonym of Discodoris Bergh, 1877
  • Glossodoridiformia O'Donoghue, 1927: synonym of Atagema Gray, 1850
  • Kentrodoris Bergh, 1874 : synonym of Jorunna Bergh, 1876
  • Montereina MacFarland, 1905: synonym of Peltodoris Bergh, 1880
  • Otinodoris White, 1948 : synonym of Asteronotus Ehrenberg, 1831
  • Petelodoris Bergh, 1882: synonym of Atagema Gray, 1850
  • Phialodoris Bergh, 1890 : synonym of Peltodoris Bergh, 1880
  • Phlegmodoris Bergh, 1878: synonym of Atagema Gray, 1850
  • Pupsikus Er. Marcus & Ev. Marcus, 1970: synonym of Thordisa Bergh, 1877
  • Trippa (gastropod)|Trippa Bergh, 1877 : synonym of Atagema Gray, 1850
  • Tumbia Burn, 1962: synonym of Sclerodoris Eliot, 1904

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bouchet, P.; Rocroi, J.-P. (2005). "Classification and Nomenclator of Gastropod Families". Malacologia. 47 (1-2). 
  2. ^ Bouchet, P. (2011). Discodorididae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1761 on 2011-08-23
  3. ^ http://clade.ansp.org/obis/search.php/search?taxon=Diaulula&author=&year=&Search=Search&mode=search
  4. ^ http://clade.ansp.org/obis/search.php/search?taxon=Peltodoris&author=&year=&Search=Search&mode=search
  5. ^ Fahey S. J. & Gosliner T. M. (2003). "Mistaken Identities: On the Discodorididae genera Hoplodoris Bergh, 1880 and Carminodoris Bergh, 1889 (Opistobranchia, Nudibranchia)". Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 54: 169-208. PDF.
  6. ^ a b c d e CLEMAM: Discodoridae

External links[edit]