Discovery (apple)

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'Discovery'
Discovery apples.jpg
Hybrid parentage Possibly 'Worcester Pearmain' × 'Beauty of Bath'
Cultivar 'Discovery'

'Discovery' is an early season dessert apple cultivar. One of its parents was the 'Worcester Pearmain', with the pollinator thought to possibly be 'Beauty of Bath'.[1][2]

History[edit]

'Discovery' was first introduced to the market by the Suffolk nurseryman Jack Matthews. In around 1949, George Dummer, a fruit farm worker from Blacksmiths Corner, Langham, Essex, raised several apple seedlings from an open-pollinated 'Worcester Pearmain'.[3][4] He decided to transplant the best of the apples into his front garden, although the young tree was left unplanted and exposed to frost, wrapped only in sacking, for several months due to a family accident.[5][3]

The tree survived and later came to the attention of Matthews, who took grafts and developed it (initially under the names 'Dummer's Pippin' and 'Thurston August') before releasing it to commerce under the name 'Discovery' in 1962. By the 1980s it had become the main early variety in the UK, though became rarer in later years as imports supplanted early apples in the market.

Characteristics[edit]

The fruits are typically similar in appearance to its parent 'Worcester Pearmain', being small-medium in size, with small patches of yellow and largely flushed with crimson, sometimes completely covering the fruit,[6] but tend to be slightly flatter. The flesh (and juice) of some fruit may be pinkish. The tree is a mid-season flowering variety; as with the supposed pollinator 'Beauty of Bath', the fruits mature quickly, by August. Unlike many early apples, the fruits remain on the tree long enough to ensure ripening.

Although most references state that this is an early producing tree, the best fruits can be harvested later in the year: from late August to October the fuits become deep pinkish-res and the flesh is also pink. Excellent flavour, good eater and good cooker.

Under good conditions the apples, when fresh, have a sweet, lightly acidic taste with a slight strawberry flavour. They generally have good keeping qualities.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morgan, J. & Richards, A. (Illus. Dowle, E.) (2002), The New Book of Apples, ISBN 978-0-09-188398-0
  2. ^ National Fruit Collection, retrieved 18 December 2015 
  3. ^ a b Morgan & Richards, 2002, p. 201
  4. ^ Ketch, D. et al, The Common Ground Book of Orchards, London: Common Ground, 2000, p.108
  5. ^ Starkey, S. Discovering the Discovery apple, The Nottingham Post, 6-09-14
  6. ^ a b D. G. Hessayon, (1995), The Fruit Expert, 2nd Ed., ISBN 0-903505-31-2