Discovery New School
Broadfield House viewed from the south.
|Closed||3 April 2014|
|Head teacher||Penny Crocker|
|Chair of the Governing Body||Chris Cook|
|DfE URN||137326 Tables|
|Staff||7 teaching, 2 support As of July 2013[update]|
|Students||48 As of September 2013[update]|
|Website||Discovery New School|
Discovery New School was a co-educational Montessori free school for pupils aged 4 to 10 located in Crawley, West Sussex. The school opened in September 2011 as one of the first free schools in the country and also the first Montessori free school. The school was funded directly by central government and had a planned intake of 16 pupils per year. Although the school adopted Montessori methods, the Montessori Schools Association (MSA) later said that they were refused permission to oversee the introduction of its teaching methods and had "warned the DfE of the school's likely failure" in 2010 before the school opened. Philip Bujak, chief executive of the MSA, said: "We were ignored completely." Martin Bradley, chairman of the MSA, said: "The Montessori Schools Association has had limited contact with the school from the start of the scheme. We suggested that they seek accreditation, but they did not."
While not formally affiliated with any religious organisation, Discovery New School followed an Anglican ethos and was one of four "faith schools" in the first batch of free schools approved by the education secretary, Michael Gove, along with a Hindu school in Leicester, a Christian primary school in Camden, North London, and a Jewish primary school in Mill Hill, North London.
The school closed to children for the last time on 3 April 2014, following a series of inspection failures and withdrawal of its funding.
Discovery New School was located in Broadfield House, a 19th-century villa-style house in the Broadfield neighbourhood of Crawley. Built in 1830 on the extensive land of the Tilgate Estate south of the town, it was extended later in the 19th century and converted into a country club. It was subsequently used as the headquarters of the Crawley Development Corporation. The house, which is still set in parkland, was refurbished and converted for use by the school in 2011, at a cost of £1.9 million. It has been listed at Grade II by English Heritage for its architectural and historical importance.
Discovery New School attracted media commentary when co-founder and school business director Andrew Snowdon revealed that he was "not obliged to employ qualified teachers" at the school and planned to employ teachers with a "mix of skills" including some with Qualified Teacher Status (QTS - the nationally recognised qualification for teachers), some with Montessori training and some unqualified teachers and instructors. Alasdair Smith, of the Anti Academies Alliance, said: "The idea that free schools might not use qualified teachers would be very worrying for most parents because QTS is evidence that the teacher understands how to provide quality teaching and learning." Christine Blower, general secretary at the National Union of Teachers, said: "The NUT believes children deserve to be taught by qualified teachers. If the department decides free schools do not have to employ qualified teachers, it is a dereliction of their duties."
Following an inspection in May 2013 by government watchdog Ofsted (the Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills) Discovery New School was rated "inadequate" and inspectors warned that "too many pupils are in danger of leaving the school without being able to read and write properly." The report said: "The headteacher lacks the skills and knowledge to improve teaching... Too much teaching is inadequate, and the headteacher has an over-optimistic view of its quality." Inspectors also expressed concerns that too many children were being assessed as having special educational needs when "some of them simply need better teaching." (As of September 2013, out of 48 students 25% had SEN statements or were on School Action Plus.) It was the first free school to fail an Ofsted inspection, and also the first to be placed under special measures, a status applied to schools which fail to supply an acceptable level of education and lack the leadership capacity necessary to secure improvements. Schools under special measures are subject to regular, unannounced inspections.
A further Ofsted inspection in September 2013 led to head teacher and co-founder Lindsey Snowdon's suspension "after failing to create an adequate improvement plan for the school." The inspection report said: "It is essential that a credible professional is appointed to the headship without delay to provide the expert leadership necessary to remove the school from special measures" and that the draft 'statement of action' and improvement plan put forward by the head teacher and the business director were "not fit for purpose."
In November 2013 Lord Nash, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Schools, wrote to the school governors that he was "extremely concerned about the quality of education children are receiving" and that "very little progress has been made since the school was placed in special measures." On 13 December 2013 the DfE announced: "Since the school was placed in special measures by Ofsted in May we have monitored progress closely. The trust has not provided evidence they are making the changes required. Lord Nash has today notified the trust that the department will terminate its funding agreement at the end of the  spring term. We are now working with West Sussex County Council to ensure the children affected have suitable alternatives in place and their transition is as smooth as possible."
Lord Nash said: "We know from inspection evidence that teaching and learning is inadequate in DNS, and that there has been little or no improvement since Ofsted's judgement that the school required special measures in May. The number and nature of the actions and milestones to be achieved demonstrates that the staff are currently unable to deliver teaching and learning even at the most basic level with the consequence for the pupils of continued inadequate teaching for an unacceptable length of time. Further, the training implication for staff is enormous. It is difficult to see how they would be able to attend all the training listed and at the same time provide adequate teaching for the pupils."
The governors issued a statement expressing deep disappointment at the decision and said that they did not believe they had been "given enough time... to deliver improvements." Tristram Hunt, the shadow education secretary, said: "In his terrible rush to roll out the free school programme, David Cameron has abandoned high standards and basic safeguards and the pupils at the Discovery Free School have paid the price. David Cameron is damaging standards by allowing free schools to operate under a complete lack of local oversight, transparency and accountability and by allowing them to hire unqualified teachers."
- Al-Madinah School, Derby, a free school marked by allegations of financial irregularities, discrimination, and nepotism
- Kings Science Academy, a free school marked by allegations of financial irregularities
- The school has a "Christian character in the Anglican tradition", though faith plays no part in its admissions policy."The free schools set to open in 2011". BBC News. 1 September 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Paton, Graeme (7 September 2010). "First 16 'free' schools unveiled in offices, churches and libraries". The Daily Telegraph. London. p. 4. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Vasagar, Jeevan; Shepherd, Jessica (6 September 2010). "Free schools set out priorities: community, flexibility, performance". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Taylor, Jerome (9 September 2010). "'Why we're starting our own school'". The Independent. London. p. 48. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Hurst, Greg (10 September 2010). "Gove hopes less is more for free schools: Quality not quantity in effort to ensure success". The Times. London. p. 81. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
Two free schools are backed by childcare providers: the Discovery New School in Crawley, West Sussex, sponsored by Montessori, and a primary school in Slough planned on a nonprofit basis by the Childcare Company.(subscription required)
- "Discovery New School - Funding Agreement". Department for Education. 27 August 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- Richard Garner (15 December 2013). "Pressure on Government as flagship free school forced to close after inspectors find pupils 'in danger of leaving without being able to read and write properly'". The Independent. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- Adams, Richard (13 December 2013). "Government shuts free school amid claims taxpayers' money was wasted". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- Bhardwa, Seeta (21 June 2013). "Montessori free school graded inadequate". Nursery World. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- Garner, Richard (24 March 2011). "Does God belong in the classroom?". The Independent. London. p. 40. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Vasagar, Jeevan (30 August 2011). "Emails reveal hidden price of free schools: Cash for Tory project fast-tracked as lobbyists drive Whitehall agenda". The Guardian. London. p. 1. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Final press statement" (PDF). Governors, Discovery New School. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "Discovery New School - Annual Report and Financial Statements, Year ending 31 August 2012". Department for Education. 31 December 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- Murray, Janet (28 September 2010). "Education: A question of status: Do the new 'free schools' set up under the Tories' flagship policy need to have qualified teachers - or not?". The Guardian. London. p. 3. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Rowley, Tom (11 July 2013). "'We've made a difference to the children's lives'". The Daily Telegraph. London. p. 23. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Griffiths, Sian (30 June 2013). "Flagship free school awarded F for failure". The Sunday Times. London. p. 5. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- "Head of failing free school to step down". Crawley and Horley Observer. Crawley. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Discovery New School". Department for Education. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Stacey, Kiran (17 October 2013). "Ministers ready to cut funding for free school". Financial Times. London. Retrieved 18 October 2013. (subscription required)
- "Free school judged to be inadequate in first Ofsted report". Crawley and Horley Observer. Crawley. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Timeline of events" (PDF). Governors, Discovery New School. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- Helm, Toby (19 October 2013). "Nick Clegg turns on Michael Gove over his 'ideological' school reforms". The Observer. London. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- Ballinger, Chris (18 October 2013). "Head resigns after failing school's improvement plan slammed". Crawley News. Crawley. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- "Crawley free school head teacher replaced". BBC News. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- Harrison, Angela (22 November 2013). "Free school faces closure if no improvements are made". BBC News. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- "Special Measures Termination Event and Financial Notice to Improve" (PDF). education.gov.uk. 22 November 2013. Letter from Lord Nash to school governing body. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- Richardson, Hannah (13 December 2013). "Failing free school is ordered to close". BBC News. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- "Press statement" (PDF). Discovery New School. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- Paton, Graeme (13 December 2013). "Flagship free school to close over 'inadequate' teaching". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- Alsford, Christine (3 April 2014). "Free school closes because of poor performance". ITV News Meridian. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- Ofsted: Inspection Report (May 2013)
- Ofsted: Special measures monitoring inspection of Discovery New School (September 2013)