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Discworld (video game)

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Discworld
Discworld Cover.jpg
The cover features work by Discworld novel cover artist Josh Kirby.
Developer(s)
Publisher(s)Psygnosis
Director(s)Gregg Barnett
Producer(s)Angela Sutherland
Designer(s)
  • Gregg Barnett
  • David Johnston
Programmer(s)
  • Gregg Barnett
  • David Johnston
Artist(s)
  • Paul Mitchell
  • Simon Turner
Writer(s)
  • Gregg Barnett
  • Paul Kidd
Composer(s)
  • Mark Bandola
  • Rob Lord
Platform(s)MS-DOS, Mac OS, PlayStation, Sega Saturn
ReleaseMS-DOS
Mac OS
PlayStation
Sega Saturn
  • EU: 15 August 1996
  • JP: 13 December 1996
Genre(s)Adventure
Mode(s)Single-player

Discworld is a point-and-click adventure game, developed by Teeny Weeny Games and Perfect 10 Productions, and based upon Terry Pratchett's novels of the same name. Players assume the role of Rincewind the "wizzard", voiced by Eric Idle, as he becomes involved in exploring the Discworld for themeans to prevent a dragon terrorising the city of Ankh-Morpork. The game's story borrows elements from several Discworld novels, with its central plot loosely based on the events in Guards! Guards!

Pratchett was originally reluctant to grant a licence for a game based on his novels, after the commercial failure of a video game adaptation of The Colour of Magic in 1986. Gregg Barnett, the game's designer, managed to persuade the writer through offering, alongside an initial design concept, to faithfully recreate elements from the novels. As part of his desire for a large adventure for CD-based computer systems and opening up a new potential market for similar video games, he convinced Pratchett to create an original story that would offer a game based on the entire series rather than an adaptation of one book. Development included incorporating a British cast of comedians to voice several of the game's characters.

The game was published by Psygnosis and released in 1995 for MS-DOS, Macintosh, and the Sony PlayStation, with a Sega Saturn version released the following year. Discworld proved more popular with European gamers than those in North America, with reviewers praising it for its humour, voice-acting and graphics, but criticising its gameplay and difficult puzzles. A sequel, Discworld II: Missing Presumed...!?, was released in 1996.

Gameplay[edit]

The patrician talking to Rincewind in Ankh-Morpork's palace

Discworld is a third-person point-and-click graphic adventure game.[1][2] In each location in the game, players can examine and interact with people and objects,[2] picking up and using items to acquire other objects or solve puzzles to remove obstacles. Conversations focus on Rincewind using one of four topics with characters: Greet; Sarcastic or Joking; Question; and Vent Anger.[3] Additional topics may sometimes appear related to a subject that Rincewind learns during the course of the game, with the character interacting with a variety of people during the game, including Archchancellor, the Dibbler, the Librarian, and Death.[4]

Items found in the game can be stored in one of two inventories: Rincewind's pockets, which can store only two items at any one time; or in the Luggage.[1] To progress the story, which is divided into four acts, Rincewind must find key items needed to advance, requiring visiting a multitude of locations;[5][3] some around Ankh-Morpork, and other outside the city and around the Discworld, all of which are accessed via an overworld map for each region whenever the player leaves a location to visit another (some become accessible when players learn of them).[2][6]

The PlayStation version is compatible with the PlayStation Mouse, as well as the standard PlayStation controller.[7]

Plot[edit]

A secret brotherhood summons a dragon from its native dimension, so as to cause destruction and mayhem across the city of Ankh-Morpork.[8] Rumours of the dragon's rampage across the city reaches Unseen University. Since the Archchancellor wishes the involvement of at least one wizard in the matter, Rincewind is summoned to handle the problem. After acquiring a book to learn what is needed to track the dragon to its lair, Rincewind searches the city for the various components needed to assemble a dragon detector and brings them back to the Archchancellor. After the Archancellor lets slip that the dragon's lair is stocked with gold, Rincewind snatches the dragon detector from him, searches the city, finds the lair, and takes all the gold within it. Just before he leaves, the dragon stops him and requests his aid in removing the brotherhood's hold upon her, claiming they are using her for evil and are planning to make her go on a major rampage.[9]

To do this, Rincewind is told to discover who they are, and recover a golden item from each, since these items are what they use to control the dragon.[10] Learning that a book about summoning dragons had been stolen from the library at Unseen University the night before, Rincewind gains access to L-Space, allowing him to journey into the past, witness the theft, and follow the thief back to the brotherhood's hideout. After gaining entry in disguise, Rincewind learns that each member holds a role in the city — Chucky the Fool, the Thief, the Mason, the Chimney Sweep, the Fishmonger, and the Dunny King — and seeks to change the city so they can have a better future for themselves. Acquiring their golden items, Rincewind brings them to the dragon, only to learn it will not return to its dimension but seek revenge on the brotherhood before coming after him. Wishing to stop this, Rincewind decides to prevent the summoning book from being stolen, by switching it for one that makes love custard. In his efforts to be recognised for stopping the dragon, Rincewind gets into an argument with the Patrician over the existence of dragons, summoning the very same one back to Discworld. An annoyed Patrician tasks Rincewind to deal with it.[11]

Learning that a hero with a million-to-one chance can stop it, Rincewind searches for the right components to be that hero, journeying across the city, the Disc, and even over the edge, to find the necessary items, including a sword that goes "ting", a birthmark, and a magic spell. With the components acquired, he returns to the city's square, where Lady Ramkin, the owner of a local dragon sanctuary, is tied to a rock to be sacrificed to the dragon. Despite having what is needed to combat the dragon, Rincewind fails to stop it, and so seeks out an alternative method.[12] Taking a swamp dragon called Mambo the 16th, and feeding him hot coals and a lit firecracker, Rincewind tries again, but Mambo stops working when he becomes infatuated with the dragon. Rincewind then throws a love custard tart at the dragon. The dragon falls in love with Mambo, and the two fly off to perform mating dances. Rincewind heads to the pub for a pint to celebrate the end of his adventure.[13]

Development[edit]

Terry Pratchett was pleased with the 1986 interactive fiction game The Colour of Magic, but criticised its poor marketing.[14] He was reluctant to grant Discworld licences due to concern for the series, and wanted a reputable company who cared about the property.[15][14] Other video game companies had previously approached Pratchett seeking a licence.[15] One such company was AdventureSoft, and their failure to obtain a Discworld licence led to the creation of Simon the Sorcerer,[16][17] which took inspiration from the Discworld series of books.[16][18]

When the creative director and designer Gregg Barnett sought out the Discworld licence, he intended to show Pratchett that he cared about Discworld, rather than seeking money (Barnett stated in an interview that Pratchett was more invested in how the intellectual property would be treated than money[19]). During negotiations, he offered to design the game before signing a deal. He did so, and Pratchett agreed. Gregg stated that the design showed respect for Discworld, and that was what persuaded Pratchett.[15] This took roughly six months, and Pratchett was impressed with a demonstration of Rincewind using a broom to get the Luggage off the top of a wardrobe.[14] Perfect 10 Productions developed an engine, which was developed in a separate location to "keep the code clean". The dialogue was refined by Pratchett. The character design was based on Barnett giving his interpretation of characters to a character designer who had worked for Disney. He stated that they "went a bit slapstick on it".[15] The backdrops were painted manually and digitised.[20]

Pratchett originally wanted the game to be based on The Colour of Magic and for the team to work in succession through the series, but Barnett believed that would be detrimental, and thought that it was difficult to make a game based on just one book (he also said in an interview that he was more interested in the Discworld itself than any particular book, and that this was so the story would not be restricted to a narrative thereof[19]). He explained that they wanted to license all of Discworld. An original story was made, taking elements from various Discworld books, particularly The Colour of Magic and Guards! Guards!. Barnett stated that the team had "effectively written a complete film script for the game". The game introduced a new character: a practising psychiatrist (known as the psychatrickerist[21]). Pratchett initially objected to this, but later added his input, and the character became a retro-phrenologist. Barnett stated that he wanted to create Discworld as a flagship game for CD-based systems, and thought the Discworld licence was "100% suited".[14]

Barnett stated that he wanted to improve the British comedy by hiring voice actors with "British talent". John Cleese was his first choice for Rincewind, but he rejected the offer saying that he did not do games. Pratchett wanted Nicholas Lyndhurst for Rincewind because he was physically based on his Only Fools and Horses character. Eric Idle was cast as Rincewind, who was tweaked to make him more like Idle from Monty Python. Other voice actors include Tony Robinson, Kate Robbins (who voiced every female character), Rob Brydon, and Jon Pertwee. Barnett wanted Christopher Lee as Death, but was unable to afford him. Brydon had already been recorded when he offered to voice Death.[15] Barnett initially believed that Rowan Atkinson "would make a great Death".[14] According to Barnett, they were all "friendly, professional, and funny", and Idle was recorded during day-long sessions in Los Angeles.[19]

The concept art and background layouts were produced by Nick Martinelli, who, according to Barnett, was "an excellent art director from the animation industry".[19] These were illustrated and coloured by a professional team.[19] Barnett stated that he was "intimately involved" with the graphics in the concept stages and initial production, but later stepped back.[19]

The game was originally due to be published by Sierra On-line. Their engine was obtained and worked on, but due to costs for another project, they cancelled all external development. An advert in Computer Trade Weekly attracted interest from companies such as Electronic Arts and Psygnosis. The latter approached Perfect 10 Productions and would not leave until a deal was signed. Psygnosis had offered Pratchett "a big cheque", which he refused.[15] Discworld's engine was rewritten from scratch afterwards.[19]

The game was officially announced by September 1993 and slated for a Christmas release the following year.[22] It was released in 1995 for the PC, PlayStation, and Macintosh.[4][23][24] The Saturn version was released in Europe on 15 August 1996,[25] and in Japan on 13 December 1996.[26]

The game was released on both floppy disk and CD-ROM, with the CD version featuring a fully voiced cast of characters.[27] For the Japanese PlayStation and Saturn releases, all voice acting was redone by a prominent Japanese comedian, a major selling point for the game in Japan.[28] A port had been under way for the Philips CD-i in 1996, and had entered its final stages of development,[29] but was never released.[30] A 3DO Interactive Multiplayer version was announced to be in development and slated to be published by Psygnosis during E3 1995, however this port was never released for unknown reasons.[31] In an April 2020 online interview, former Perfect 10 Productions/Teeny Weeny Games member David Swan stated that Atari Corporation approached the company in regards to a potential conversion of Discworld for the Atari Jaguar CD, however no actual development started on the port beyond discussion phase due to market issues and low install base of the platform.[32] A Sega CD release was also advertised but never published for unknown reasons as well.[32][33]

Reception[edit]

Discworld was a "massive hit" in Europe and the United Kingdom, according to director Gregg Barnett. However, the game was less successful in the United States.[43] It received generally positive reviews. The humour and graphics in particular were widely praised, but some thought that the difficulty was too harsh. It tied for third place in Computer Game Review's 1995 "Adventure Game of the Year" award category. The editors noted its "good voice work" and "very nice animation", and praised its humour.[44]

Entertainment Weekly praised the voice-acting of Eric Idle, but criticised the PlayStation version, saying that it was difficult to navigate without the PlayStation Mouse and that the text was too small.[7] In their review of the PlayStation version, Electronic Gaming Monthly similarly commented that the PlayStation mouse is required for full enjoyment, but highly praised the voice acting, humour, and graphics.[23] Scary Larry of GamePro, in contrast to EW and EGM, said the standard joypad "works just as well" as the PlayStation Mouse. He praised the humorous graphics, extensive voice acting, and script which "will leave your sides aching from laughter", but found the gameplay too simplistic and lacking in challenge. He recommended it for players who were open to less serious gaming.[45] IGN called Discworld challenging and long, but criticised the long loading times.[5] The reviewer of Joypad [fr] described the game as "very beautiful" and said that the PlayStation version has more colours than the PC version, but disliked the difficulty and the size of the save game files.[36]

Sega Saturn Magazine cited overlong dialogues, poor graphics, and "largely non-existent" animation, but complimented the variety of locations to visit and their mediaeval backdrops, and described the dialogue as "jokey" and "sarcastic".[40] The magazine's Japanese namesake agreed with this assessment of "British" humour by describing it as ironic and amusing.[26] Mean Machines Sega's reviewers believed the Saturn version had lost some authenticity, and thought that the gags were not funny, but complimented the storyline.[37]

Reviewing the PC version, Coming Soon Magazine's reviewer believed that the graphics are colourful and liked the humour, but criticised the way the dialogue was handled.[41] David Tanguay of Adventure Classic Gaming described Discworld as "one of the funniest adventure games ever made", but recommended that players use a walkthrough.[27] Computer Gaming World's Charles Ardai praised the humour and believed the writing was true to Pratchett.[35] PC Gamer's reviewer praised the speech, believing it greatly improved the humour, and also complimented the difficulty, saying the game cannot be completed within days. His criticisms included the overuse of dialogue in the first act, saying most of it is irrelevant to the story, and also thought the control system "falters in certain areas". He stated that Discworld is "a worthy contender" to Sam & Max and challenged the hold LucasArts had on the point-and-click genre.[39] The graphics and animation were criticised as "merely average" by Christopher Lindquist of PC Games, although he claimed that fans of Pratchett "won't mind" the game and described it as "A smart, funny--and long--gaming tribute" to the series.[42] The Macintosh version was described by Génération 4 as "the gag of the year!"; the reviewer liked the humour and decoration, but criticised it for only being compatible with Motorola 68000-based systems.[24] Adventure Gamers praised the voice acting, graphics, humour and story, calling it "a wonderful game", but noted that "it stops short of being a classic simply due to its sheer difficulty and the unwieldy nature". Adventure Gamers also called the music "serviceable at best, and fairly forgettable".[2] In 2009 Eurogamer's Will Porter reviewed the game retrospectively, praising the game's cartoonish graphics and voice-acting, but criticising its puzzles and noting that "Discworld commits every point-and-click crime you'd care to mention" (such as "obtuse puzzles").[46] The game was reviewed in 1995 in Dragon by David "Zeb" Cook in the final "Eye of the Monitor" column. Cook praised the "exceptional" animation and art, as well as the "faithful" conversion of Pratchett's work to a video game, but criticised the testing and quality control as "crappy".[47] Next Generation recommended the game for fans of Douglas Adams or Monty Python.[38]

Entertainment Weekly's Darren Franich in 2010 called the game an "underrated point-and-click gem", saying that it was one of the games he wanted on the PlayStation Network.[48] In 2013, Retro Gamer cited Discworld as an example demonstrating that British developers produced a disproportionately large number of overly hard video games.[49]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b David Tanguay (15 October 1997). "Discworld". Adventure Classic Gaming. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Rob Michaud (1 July 2005). "Review: Discworld". Adventure Gamers. Archived from the original on 18 May 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  3. ^ a b Discworld Instruction Manual (PlayStation PAL ed.). Psygnosis. 1995. p. 11.
  4. ^ a b "The Classic Game: Discworld". Retro Gamer. No. 94. Bournemouth: Imagine Publishing. pp. 72, 73. ISSN 1742-3155.
  5. ^ a b c IGN Staff (21 November 1996). "Discworld". IGN. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Visitor's Guide to Ankh-Morpork" (Map). Discworld Official Strategy Guide. 1995.
  7. ^ a b "Discworld". Entertainment Weekly. No. 310. 19 January 1996. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  8. ^ Perfect 10 Productions (1995). Discworld. Psygnosis. Scene: Introduction.
  9. ^ "Act One: In Search of a Dragon". Official Strategy Guide. pp. 12–39.
  10. ^ Official Strategy Guide. pp. 38, 39.
  11. ^ "Act Two: All That Glitters". Official Strategy Guide. pp. 42–79.
  12. ^ "Act Three: A Million to One Chance". Official Strategy Guide. pp. 82–129.
  13. ^ "Act Four: The Final Showdown". Official Strategy Guide. pp. 132–135.
  14. ^ a b c d e Whitta, Gary (December 1993). "Terry Pratchett: Going by the Book" (PDF). PC Gamer. No. 1. Future Publishing. pp. 54–61. ISSN 1470-1693. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  15. ^ a b c d e f "The History Of Discworld". Retro Gamer. No. 164. Bath: Future plc. pp. 82–89. ISSN 1742-3155.
  16. ^ a b "Behind The Scenes Simon The Sorcerer". GamesTM. No. 82. Imagine Publishing. pp. 138–143. ISSN 1478-5889.
  17. ^ Woodroffe, Simon (2018). "Simon Woodroffe Interview". The Art Of Point-and-Click Adventure Games (Interview). Bitmap Books. pp. 258–263. ISBN 978-0-9956-5866-0.
  18. ^ "Simon The Sorcerer". Blueprint. PC Zone. No. 5. London: Dennis Publishing. August 1993. pp. 74–77. ISSN 0967-8220.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g Barnett, Gregg (2018). "Gregg Barnett Interview". The Art Of Point-and-Click Adventure Games (Interview). Bitmap Books. pp. 292–297. ISBN 978-0-9956-5866-0.
  20. ^ "Discworld". Blueprint. PC Zone. No. 20. London: Dennis Publishing. November 1994. pp. 50–51. ISSN 0967-8220.
  21. ^ Andrew Blair (8 May 2015). "Looking back at the Discworld videogame". Den of Geek. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  22. ^ "Welcome to Discworld!". The One. EMAP Images. September 1993. p. 14. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  23. ^ a b c "Discworld" (PDF). Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 76. Sendai Publishing. November 1995. p. 48. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  24. ^ a b c Ronan Fournier-Christol (September 1995). "Discworld". Génération 4 (in French). No. 80. p. 124,125. ISSN 1624-1088.
  25. ^ "Checkpoint" (PDF). Computer and Video Games. No. 178. September 1996. p. 52. ISSN 0261-3697. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  26. ^ a b "ディスクワールド" [Discworld] (PDF). Sega Saturn Magazine (in Japanese). Tokyo: SoftBank Publishing. 13 December 1996. p. 270. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  27. ^ a b c David Tanguay (15 October 1997). "Discworld". Adventure Classic Gaming. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  28. ^ "New Games Frenzy!: PlayStation Expo". Maximum: The Video Game Magazine. No. 2. EMAP International. November 1995. pp. 122–3. ISSN 1360-3167. Archived from the original on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016. Meanwhile, the Japanese software house, Media Entertainment, drew some interest with a conversion of Discworld, not least because the voice-overs are by a prominent Japanese comedian.
  29. ^ Ramshaw, Mark (June 1996). "Discworld". CDi Magazine. No. 18. Haymarket Publishing. pp. 20–24. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  30. ^ Bas (23 October 2006). "Discworld on CD-i: Lost forever?". Interactive Dreams. Blogger. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  31. ^ "E-3 The Biggest And Best Electronic Entertainment Show Ever! – '95 Next Generation Software Listing". GameFan. Vol. 3 no. 7. July 1995. p. 41. Archived from the original on 29 November 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  32. ^ a b Wallett, Adrian (3 April 2020). "David Swan (Perfect Entertainment) – Interview". arcadeattack.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  33. ^ "From Your World To Discworld". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 68. Sendai Publishing. March 1995. p. 45.
  34. ^ "Discworld". GameRankings. Archived from the original on 9 August 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  35. ^ a b Charles Ardai (June 1995). "Dying Is Easy, Comedy Is Hard" (PDF). Computer Gaming World. No. 131. Ziff Davis. pp. 98–102. ISSN 0744-6667. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  36. ^ a b "Discworld". Joypad [fr] (in French). No. 46. October 1995. p. 85. ISSN 1163-586X.
  37. ^ a b "Discworld". Mean Machines Sega. No. 45. Peterborough: Emap International Limited. July 1996. pp. 72, 73. ISSN 0967-9014. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  38. ^ a b "Finals". Next Generation. No. 5. Imagine Media. May 1995. p. 93.
  39. ^ a b "Discworld". PC Gamer. Vol. 2 no. 4. Bath: Future plc. March 1995. pp. 36, 37. ISSN 1470-1693.
  40. ^ a b Bright, Rob (June 1996). "Discworld" (PDF). Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 8. Emap International Limited. pp. 70–71. ISSN 1360-9424. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  41. ^ a b "Discworld by Psygnosis". Coming Soon Magazine. 1995. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  42. ^ a b Christopher Lindquist (July 1995). "Discworld". PC Games. Archived from the original on 18 October 1996. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  43. ^ Bronstring, Marek; Saveliev, Nick (20 April 1999). "Adventure Gamer - Interviews - Discworld Noir". Adventure Gamers. Archived from the original on 17 August 2000.
  44. ^ Staff (April 1996). "CGR's Year in Review". Computer Game Review. Archived from the original on 18 October 1996. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  45. ^ "Discworld". GamePro. No. 88. IDG. January 1996. p. 134. ISSN 1042-8658.
  46. ^ Will Porter (26 June 2009). "Retrospective: Discworld". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  47. ^ Cook, David "Zeb" (November 1995). "Discworld" (PDF). Dragon. No. 223. pp. 64–66. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  48. ^ Darren Franich (5 April 2010). "'Perfect Dark' hits Xbox Live Arcade: What other classic games deserve a resurrection?". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 10 April 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  49. ^ Locke, Phil (December 2013). "Creating Chaos". Retro Gamer. No. 122. Imagine Publishing. p. 71. ISSN 1742-3155.

Sources[edit]

  • Glen Edridge (1995). Discworld The Official Strategy Guide. Prima Publishing. ISBN 978-0552-144-391.

External links[edit]