Disneyland Park (Paris)
|Location||Disneyland Paris, Marne-la-Vallée, Paris, France|
|Theme||Fairy tales and Disney characters|
|Owner||Euro Disney S.C.A.
(The Walt Disney Company)
|Operated by||Euro Disney S.C.A.
(The Walt Disney Company)
|Opened||April 12, 1992|
|Previous names||Euro Disneyland|
The Disneyland Park (French: Parc Disneyland), originally Euro Disneyland, is the first of two theme parks built at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallée, France. It opened on 12 April 1992. Designed and built by Walt Disney Imagineering, its layout and attractions are similar to Disneyland Park in Anaheim, California and Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World in Bay Lake, Florida. Spanning 56.656 ha (140 acres) (the second largest Disney park based on the original, after Shanghai Disneyland Park), it is dedicated to fairy tales and Disney characters. In 2013, the park hosted approximately 10.43 million visitors, making it the most-visited theme park in Europe, and the sixth-most visited theme park in the world.
In order for the fourth park to be based on the original, modifications were made to the park's concepts and designs. Among the changes was the change of Tomorrowland to Discoveryland, giving the area a retrofuturistic theme. Other altered elements include the Haunted Mansion, which was redesigned as Phantom Manor and a retro, more intense version of Space Mountain. The park's location brought forth its own challenges. Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant is said by its designers to have been necessarily reevaluated for a continent on which authentic castles stand. Modifications to the park were made to protect against changes in weather in the Parisian climate. Covered walkways referred to as "arcades" were added, and Michael Eisner ordered the installation of 35 fireplaces in hotels and restaurants.
The park, as well as its surrounding complex, initially failed to meet financial expectations, resulting in an image change in which the word "Euro" was phased out of several names, including Euro Disneyland. The park was known as Euro Disneyland until May 1994, Euro Disneyland Paris until September 1994, Disneyland Paris until February 2002, and Disneyland Park (English) and Parc Disneyland (French) since March 2002.
As Michael Eisner noted, "As Americans, the word 'Euro' is believed to mean glamorous or exciting. For Europeans it turned out to be a term they associated with business, currency, and commerce. Renaming the park 'Disneyland Paris' was a way of identifying it with one of the most romantic and exciting cities in the world."
Disneyland Park is divided into five themed "lands", which house 49 attractions. Designed like a wheel with the hub on Central Plaza before Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant, pathways spoke out across the 140 acres (57 ha) of the park and lead to the lands. The 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge Disneyland Railroad runs along the perimeter of the park and stops in Main Street, U.S.A., Adventureland, Frontierland, Fantasyland and Discoveryland.
|Main Street, U.S.A.||Serves as the main entrance boulevard into the park and is themed after early-20th-century small-town America complete with a train station and Victorian architecture. The street terminates at the central hub of the park with Sleeping Beauty Castle.|
|Frontierland||Themed after a mining town of the American Old West from the 19th-century. Features include desert and wilderness landscaping, large rock formations, a river, and frontier architecture.|
|Adventureland is themed to recreate the feel of exotic locales of places such as the Caribbean, Middle-East, Africa, and Asia. Lush landscaping is abundant throughout the land to give visitors the impression of being in a remote jungle.|
(Sleeping Beauty Castle)
|Sleeping Beauty Castle serves as the main entrance to this land themed after a storybook village taking many architectural traits from various European villages.|
(Orbitron, Machines Volantes)
|Discoveryland is themed after the visions of famed European thinkers and explorers such as Leonardo da Vinci, HG Wells, or Jules Verne.|
Main Street, U.S.A.
- City Hall
- Liberty Arcade (covered walkway)
- Discovery Arcade (covered walkway)
- Dapper Dan's Hair Cuts
- Horse-Drawn Streetcars (3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge tramway)
- Main Street Vehicles
- Disneyland Railroad – Main Street Station
- Legends of the Wild West
- Big Thunder Mountain
- Phantom Manor
- Thunder Mesa Riverboat Landing
- River Rogue Keel Boats – Closed since Summer 2010. May open seasonally.
- Rustler Roundup Shootin' Gallery
- Pocahontas Indian Village
- Woody's Roundup Village
- Chaparral Theatre
- Disneyland Railroad – Frontierland Depot
- Le Passage Enchanté d'Aladdin (Aladdin's Enchanted Passage)
- Adventure Isle
- La Cabane des Robinson – (Swiss Family Treehouse)
- La Plage des Pirates (Pirates Beach)
- Pirates of the Caribbean
- Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril (Indiana Jones and the Temple of Peril)
- Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant (Sleeping Beauty's Castle)
- La Galerie de la Belle au Bois Dormant (Sleeping Beauty's Gallery)
- La Tanière du Dragon (The Dragon's Lair)
- Le Théâtre du Château (The Castle Stage)
- Le Carrousel de Lancelot (Lancelot's Carousel)
- Blanche-Neige et les Sept Nains (Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs)
- Les Voyages de Pinocchio (Pinocchio's Fantastic Journey)
- Dumbo the Flying Elephant
- Peter Pan's Flight
- Alice's Curious Labyrinth
- Mad Hatter's Tea Cups
- It's a Small World
- Le Pays de Contes de Fées (Storybook Land Canal Boats)
- Casey Jr. – Le Petit Train du Cirque (Casey Jr. Circus Train)
- Fantasy Festival Stage – Backstage Magic With Mickey Mouse
- Princess Pavilion: A Royal Invitation
- Mickey's Philharmagic
- Disneyland Paris Railroad - Fantasyland Station
- Buzz Lightyear Laser Blast
- Orbitron – Machines Volantes
- Arcade Alpha & Arcade Bêta
- Les Mystères du Nautilus
- Space Mountain
- Star Tours: The Adventures Continue in Spring 2017
- Discoveryland Theatre, replacing Captain EO
- Disneyland Railroad – Discoveryland Station
Seasonal and special events
Different seasons offer different park opening hours and different entertainment offerings.
- From April 1, 2012 : Disneyland Paris celebrates its 20th anniversary.
Shows and parades
Disneyland Park hosts a range of daytime and nighttime entertainment throughout the year, although the nighttime entertainment is seasonal.
- Disney Dreams!
- Disney's Magic on Parade 2012– 2016
- Disney's Forest of Enchantement
Seasonal and retired
- Tarzan: The Encounter (Summer season). Retired
- Mickey's Winter Wonderland (Winter season). Retired.
- Disney's Fantillusion (Summer, Halloween night and Winter seasons). Retired.
- Disney's Once Upon a Dream Parade 2007–2012. Retired.
- Disney's 20th Anniversary Celebration Train. Retired.
- wonderful world of Disney parade. Retired,
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Disneyland Park Paris.|
- "Doctor Disney Explains: Comparing The Size Of The Disney Parks Around The World". Retrieved June 28, 2016.
- "TEA/AECOM 2013 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Imagineers (1998). Walt Disney Imagineering: A Behind the Dreams Look At Making the Magic Real. Disney Editions. ISBN 978-0-7868-8372-1.
- daniels. "Individual Term Paper International Marketing, Dan Snyder 30 April 2002" (PDF). google.com. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- "Disneyland Park Map". DLRP Magic.
- Zeitschrift Blickpunkt Straßenbahn (Tram Focus Magazine) – Trams of the World 2013
- "TEA/AECOM 2008 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2008. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "TEA/AECOM 2009 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 2, 2010. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "TEA/AECOM 2010 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 19, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "TEA/AECOM 2011 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "TEA/AECOM 2012 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "TEA/AECOM 2014 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "TEA/AECOM 2015 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
- "Season Dates". DLRP Magic. 2012-09-02. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- "Disneyland Park Entertainment Schedule" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-09-10.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Disneyland Park (Paris).|