Disordered eating describes a variety of abnormal eating behaviors that, by themselves, do not warrant diagnosis of an eating disorder.
Disordered eating includes behaviors that are common features of eating disorders, such as:
- Chronic restrained eating.
- Compulsive eating.
- Binge eating, with associated loss of control.
- Self-induced vomiting.
Disordered eating also includes behaviors that are not characteristic of any eating disorder, such as:
- Irregular, chaotic eating patterns.
- Ignoring physical feelings of hunger and satiety (fullness).
- Use of diet pills.
- Emotional eating.
- Night eating.
- "Secretive food concocting": the consumption of embarrassing food combinations, such as mashed potatoes mixed with sandwich cookies. See also Food craving § Pregnancy and Nocturnal sleep-related eating disorder § Symptoms and behaviors.
Disordered eating can represent a change in eating patterns caused by other mental disorders (e.g. clinical depression), or by factors that are generally considered to be unrelated to mental disorders (e.g. extreme homesickness).
Certain factors among adolescents tend to be associated with disordered eating, including body mass index, negative affect (mood), self-esteem, perfectionism, drug use, perceived pressure to lose weight from parents and peers, and participation in sports that focus on leanness. These factors are similar among boys and girls alike.
- "Definitions". nedic.ca. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- Ricciardelli, Lina A.; McCabe, Marita P. (March 2004). "A Biopsychosocial Model of Disordered Eating and the Pursuit of Muscularity in Adolescent Boys.". Psychological Bulletin 130 (2): 179–205. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.130.2.179.
- Jones, Jennifer M.; Susan, Bennett; Olmsted, Marion P.; Lawson, Margaret L.; Rodin, Gary (September 4, 2001). "Disordered eating attitudes and behaviours in teenaged girls: a school-based study" (PDF). CMAJ 165 (5): 547–552. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- Quick, Virginia M.; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne (May 2013). "Chronic Illness and Disordered Eating: A Discussion of the Literature" (PDF). Advances in Nutrition 4 (3): 277–286. doi:10.3945/an.112.003608. PMC 3650496. PMID 23674793. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- Boggiano, MM; Turan, B; Maldonado, CR; Oswald, KD; Shuman, ES (April 2013). "Secretive food concocting in binge eating: test of a famine hypothesis". The International Journal of Eating Disorders 46 (3): 212–225. doi:10.1002/eat.22077. PMID 23255044. The article calls secretive food concocting a "chaotic eating habit". A lay summary is also available.