From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Disporum viridescens flower.jpg
Flower of Disporum viridescens growing in cultivation in England
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Colchicaceae
Genus: Disporum
Salisb. ex G.Don

Drapiezia Blume

Disporum viridescens in cultivation in England

Disporum (commonly known as fairy bells) is a genus of about 20 species of perennial flowering plants, found in Asia from northern India to Japan, south to Indonesia and north into the Russian Far East.[1][2]

In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Colchicaceae.[3] The genus previously included five species in North America, but these have been separated as the genus Prosartes D.Don and moved to the family Liliaceae in accordance to differences in karyology and chemistry as well as results from molecular systematic investigations.[4] The type species is Disporum pullum Salisb., which is a synonym of Disporum cantoniense.

  1. Disporum acuminatissimum W.L.Sha - Guangxi
  2. Disporum acuminatum C.H.Wright - Myanmar
  3. Disporum bodinieri (H.Lév. & Vaniot) F.T.Wang & Tang - Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan
  4. Disporum calcaratum D.Don - Yunnan, Himalayas, N Indochina
  5. Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr. - S China, S + SE Asia
  6. Disporum hainanense Merr. - Guangdong, Hainan
  7. Disporum jinfoshanense X.Z.Li, D.M.Zhang & D.Y.Hong - Chongqing
  8. Disporum kawakamii Hayata - Taiwan
  9. Disporum leucanthum H.Hara - S China, E Himalayas
  10. Disporum longistylum (Chinese fairy bells) (H.Lév. & Vaniot) H.Hara - C + SW China
  11. Disporum lutescens Koidz. - Japan
  12. Disporum megalanthum F.T.Wang & Tang - C China
  13. Disporum nantouense S.S.Ying - Taiwan
  14. Disporum sessile (Japanese fairy bells) (Thunb.) D.Don - Japan, Korea, Kuril Is, Sakhalin
  15. Disporum shimadae Hayata - Taiwan
  16. Disporum smilacinum A.Gray - Japan, Korea, Kuril Is, Sakhalin, Shandong
  17. Disporum tonkinense Koyama - N Vietnam
  18. Disporum trabeculatum Gagnep. - S China, Vietnam
  19. Disporum uniflorum Baker ex S.Moore - China, Korea
  20. Disporum viridescens (Maxim.) Nakai - China, Japan, Korea, Russian Far East
Excluded species in North America[1]
  • Disporum hookeri (Torr.) G.Nicholson – now Prosartes hookeri Torr. - Hooker's fairy bells
  • Disporum lanuginosum (Michx.) G.Nicholson – now Prosartes lanuginosa (Michx.) D.Don - yellow mandarin
  • Disporum maculatum (Buckley) Britton – now Prosartes maculata (Buckley) A.Gray - spotted or nodding mandarin
  • Disporum smithii (Hook.) Piper – now Prosartes smithii (Hook.) Utech, Shinwari & Kawano - Smith's fairy bells
  • Disporum trachycarpum (S.Watson) Benth. & Hook.f. – now Prosartes trachycarpa S.Watson - rough-fruited fairy bells


  1. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 154 万寿竹属 wan shou zhu shu Disporum Salisbury ex D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 50. 1825.
  3. ^ World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2011-11-10, search for "Disporum"
  4. ^ Shinwari, Z.K.; Terauchi, R.; Utech, F.H. & Kawano, S. (1994), "Recognition of the New World Disporum Section Prosartes as Prosartes (Liliaceae) Based on the Sequence Data of the rbcL Gene", Taxon, 43 (3): 353–366, doi:10.2307/1222713, JSTOR 1222713

External links[edit]