A dissident republican or anti-ceasefire republican is an Irish republican who does not support the current peace agreements in Northern Ireland. They regard both the Northern Ireland Assembly in the north and Oireactas Éireann) in the Republic of Ireland as illegitimate, along with their respective police forces - the PSNI and the Garda Síochána.
Some dissident republican political groups, such as Republican Sinn Féin (which has no connection to the Sinn Féin political party) and the 32 County Sovereignty Movement, support political violence against the British security forces. Thus, they oppose the ceasefire called by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in 1997, at the end of the Troubles.
Since the Provisional IRA called a ceasefire, splinter groups have continued an armed campaign against the security forces in Northern Ireland. Like the Provisional IRA, each of these groups sees itself as the only rightful continuation of the original IRA and each calls itself simply "the IRA", or Óglaigh na hÉireann in Irish (see also Irish republican legitimatism).
Groups described in the media as dissident republican
- Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA)
- Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA)
- Óglaigh na hÉireann (Real IRA splinter group)
- Óglaigh na hÉireann (Continuity IRA splinter group) – active 2006–2009
- Saoirse na hÉireann – it is disputed whether this group exists
- Political groups
- "Omagh bomb has united Northern Ireland, says Martin McGuinness". UTV News. 4 April 2011.