District (Taiwan)

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This article is part of
a series on the
Administrative divisions
of the Republic of China
(Taiwan)
In effect
1st Provinces
(省 shěng)
(streamlined)
Special municipalities
(直轄市 zhíxiáshì)
2nd Counties
(縣 xiàn)
Provincial cities
(市 shì)
3rd Districts
(區 qū)
County-controlled cities
(縣轄市 xiànxiáshì)
Urban townships
(鎮 zhèn)
Rural townships
(鄉 xiāng)
4th Urban villages
(里 lǐ)
Rural villages
(村 cūn)
5th Neighborhoods
(鄰 lín)


Districts (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: ku) refer to a type of administrative division in Taiwan.

History[edit]

After the Second World War, Taiwan was transferred from Japan to the Republic of China. Consequently, several provincial cities were established in Taiwan, including Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Pingtung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei. On the other hand, the towns (町) in the original Prefecture-controlled cities were merged into several Districts (區). However Changhua and Pingtung were downgraded to county-controlled cities and their districts are now defunct.

When Taipei was promoted as a special municipality by the central government in 1967, several Townships surrounding the city were merged into Taipei City and were reorganized as its districts. Afterwards, through another reorganization in 1990, the 12 current districts were formed. In addition, the largest city in southern Taiwan - Kaohsiung was promoted as a special municipality in 1979. Siaogang Township was also merged to Siaogang District.

In December 2010, the four new special municipalities were established namely Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. Subsequently, all the county-controlled cities and townships in Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and Taipei Counties were reformed as districts of the new Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and New Taipei cities respectively. Their names, nevertheless, remained the same. The same thing happened to Taoyuan on 25 December 2014 where there are additional new 13 districts from the former county.

These municipalities and provincial cities use district administrative centers for public affairs services to serve the residents of these districts. Also, the directors of these districts and administrative centers are appointed by the mayors, with four years per term.

Municipal districts in Taiwan[edit]

In Taiwan, districts are the only subdivisions of special municipalities and provincial cities.

List of Districts in Taiwan[edit]

Currently, there are 170 districts located in the special municipalities and the provincial cities.

Division type Special municipality Provincial city Total
Name Kaohsiung[1] New Taipei[2] Taichung[3] Tainan[4] Taipei[5] Taoyuan Chiayi[6] Hsinchu[7] Keelung[8]
No. of Dist. 38 29 29 37 12 13 2 3 7 170

Districts in Provincial cities[edit]

Districts in Special municipalities[edit]

Former districts[edit]

  • Jingmei, Taipei (1968-1990), now Wenshan after merged with Muzha
  • Muzha, Taipei (1968-1990), now Wenshan after merged with Jingmei
  • Jiancheng, Taipei (?-1990), now part of Datong after merged with former Datong and Yanping
  • Yanping, Taipei (?-1990), now part of Datong after merged with former Datong and Jiancheng
  • Zhongzhong, Taipei (?-1990), now Zhongzheng after merged with Guting
  • Guting, Taipei (?-1990), now Zhongzheng after merged with Zhongzhong

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KaoHsiung City". Post.gov.tw.
  2. ^ "New Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
  3. ^ "Taichung City". Post.gov.tw.
  4. ^ "Tainan City". Post.gov.tw.
  5. ^ "Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
  6. ^ "ChiaYi City". Post.gov.tw.
  7. ^ "Hsinchu City". Post.gov.tw.
  8. ^ "KeeLung City". Post.gov.tw.