District (Taiwan)

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Districts (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: ku) refer to a type of administrative division in Taiwan.

History[edit]

After the Second World War, Taiwan was transferred from Japan to the Republic of China. Consequently, several provincial cities were established in Taiwan, including Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Pingtung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei. On the other hand, the towns (町) in the original Prefecture-controlled cities were merged into several Districts (區). However Changhua and Pingtung were downgraded to county-controlled cities and their districts are now defunct.

When Taipei was promoted as a special municipality by the central government in 1967, several Townships surrounding the city were merged into Taipei City and were reorganized as its districts. Afterwards, through another reorganization in 1990, the 12 current districts were formed. In addition, the largest city in southern Taiwan - Kaohsiung was promoted as a special municipality in 1979. Siaogang Township was also merged to Siaogang District.

In December 2010, the four new special municipalities were established namely Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. Subsequently, all the county-controlled cities and townships in Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and Taipei Counties were reformed as districts of the new Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and New Taipei cities respectively. Their names, nevertheless, remained the same. The same thing happened to Taoyuan on 25 December 2014 where there are additional new 13 districts from the former county.

These municipalities and provincial cities use district administrative centers for public affairs services to serve the residents of these districts. Also, the directors of these districts and administrative centers are appointed by the mayors, with four years per term.

In 4 February 2014, six districts were reclassify as Special Municipal Mountain Indigenous District (Chinese: 直轄市山地原住民區; pinyin: Zhíxiáshì Shāndì Yuánzhùmín Qū) or shorten as Mountain Indigenous District (Chinese: 山地原住民區; pinyin: Shāndì Yuánzhùmín Qū); Wulai District in New Taipei, Fuxing District in Taoyuan, Heping District in Taichuang, along with Namasia District, Maolin District, and Taoyuan District in Kaohsiung.

Municipal districts in Taiwan[edit]

In Taiwan, districts are the only subdivisions of special municipalities and provincial cities.

List of Districts in Taiwan[edit]

Currently, there are 164 districts and 6 mountain indigenous districts located in the special municipalities and the provincial cities.

Division type Special municipality Provincial city Total
Name Kaohsiung[1] New Taipei[2] Taichung[3] Tainan[4] Taipei[5] Taoyuan Chiayi[6] Hsinchu[7] Keelung[8]
No. of Dist. 35 (3) 28 (1) 28 (1) 37 12 12 (1) 2 3 7 170

List of Districts[edit]

  Mountain Indigenous District
Romanization[9] Chinese Pinyin[9] City
East 東區 Dōngqū Chiayi
West 西區 Xiqū Chiayi
East 東區 Dōngqū Hsinchu
North 北區 Běiqū Hsinchu
Xiangshan 香山區 Xiāngshān Qū Hsinchu
Anle 安樂區 Ānlè Qū Keelung
Nuannuan 暖暖區 Nuǎnnuǎn Qū Keelung
Qidu 七堵區 Qīdǔ Qū Keelung
Ren'ai 仁愛區 Rén'ài Qū Keelung
Xinyi 信義區 Xìnyì Qū Keelung
Zhongshan 中山區 Zhōngshān Qū Keelung
Zhongzheng 中正區 Zhōngzhèng Qū Keelung
Alian 阿蓮區 Ālián Qū Kaohsiung
Daliao 大寮區 Dàliáo Qū Kaohsiung
Dashe 大社區 Dàshè Qū Kaohsiung
Dashu 大樹區 Dàshù Qū Kaohsiung
Fengshan 鳳山區 Fèngshān Qū Kaohsiung
Gangshan 岡山區 Gāngshān Qū Kaohsiung
Gushan 鼓山區 Gǔshān Qū Kaohsiung
Hunei 湖內區 Húnèi Qū Kaohsiung
Jiaxian 甲仙區 Jiǎxiān Qū Kaohsiung
Qieding 茄萣區 Jiādìng Qū Kaohsiung
Lingya 苓雅區 Língyǎ Qū Kaohsiung
Linyuan 林園區 Línyuán Qū Kaohsiung
Liugui 六龜區 Liùguī Qū Kaohsiung
Luzhu 路竹區 Lùzhú Qū Kaohsiung
Maolin 茂林區 Màolín Qū Kaohsiung
Meinong 美濃區 Měinóng Qū Kaohsiung
Mituo 彌陀區 Mítuó Qū Kaohsiung
Namaxia 那瑪夏區 Nàmǎxià Qū Kaohsiung
Nanzi 楠梓區 Nánzĭ Qū Kaohsiung
Neimen 內門區 Nèimén Qū Kaohsiung
Niaosong 鳥松區 Niǎosōng Qū Kaohsiung
Qianjin 前金區 Qiánjīn Qū Kaohsiung
Qianzhen 前鎮區 Qiánzhèn Qū Kaohsiung
Qiaotou 橋頭區 Qiáotóu Qū Kaohsiung
Qijin 旗津區 Qíjīn Qū Kaohsiung
Qishan 旗山區 Qíshān Qū Kaohsiung
Renwu 仁武區 Rénwǔ Qū Kaohsiung
Sanmin 三民區 Sānmín Qū Kaohsiung
Shanlin 杉林區 Shānlín Qū Kaohsiung
Taoyuan 桃源區 Táoyuán Qū Kaohsiung
Tianliao 田寮區 Tiánliáo Qū Kaohsiung
Xiaogang 小港區 Xiǎogāng Qū Kaohsiung
Xinxing 新興區 Xīnxīng Qū Kaohsiung
Yanchao 燕巢區 Yàncháo Qū Kaohsiung
Yancheng 鹽埕區 Yánchéng Qū Kaohsiung
Yong'an 永安區 Yǒng'ān Qū Kaohsiung
Ziguan 梓官區 Zǐguān Qū Kaohsiung
Zuoying 左營區 Zuǒyíng Qū Kaohsiung
Bali 八里區 Bālǐ Qū New Taipei
Banqiao 板橋區 Bǎnqiáo Qū New Taipei
Gongliao 貢寮區 Gòngliáo Qū New Taipei
Jinshan 金山區 Jīnshān Qū New Taipei
Linkou 林口區 Línkǒu Qū New Taipei
Luzhou 蘆洲區 Lúzhōu Qū New Taipei
Pinglin 坪林區 Pínglín Qū New Taipei
Pingxi 平溪區 Píngxī Qū New Taipei
Ruifang 瑞芳區 Ruìfāng Qū New Taipei
Sanchong 三重區 Sānchóng Qū New Taipei
Sanxia 三峽區 Sānxiá Qū New Taipei
Sanzhi 三芝區 Sānzhī Qū New Taipei
Shenkeng 深坑區 Shēnkēng Qū New Taipei
Shiding 石碇區 Shídìng Qū New Taipei
Shimen 石門區 Shímén Qū New Taipei
Shuangxi 雙溪區 Shuāngxī Qū New Taipei
Shulin 樹林區 Shùlín Qū New Taipei
Taishan 泰山區 Tàishān Qū New Taipei
Tamsui 淡水區 Dànshuǐ Qū New Taipei
Tucheng 土城區 Tǔchéng Qū New Taipei
Wanli 萬里區 Wànlǐ Qū New Taipei
Wugu 五股區 Wǔgǔ Qū New Taipei
Wulai 烏來區 Wūlái Qū New Taipei
Xindian 新店區 Xīndiàn Qū New Taipei
Xinzhuang 新莊區 Xīnzhuāng Qū New Taipei
Xizhi 汐止區 Xìzhǐ Qū New Taipei
Yingge 鶯歌區 Yīnggē Qū New Taipei
Yonghe 永和區 Yǒnghé Qū New Taipei
Zhonghe 中和區 Zhōnghé Qū New Taipei
Beitun 北屯區 Běitún Qū Taichung
Central 中區 Zhōngqū Taichung
Da'an 大安區 Dà'ān Qū Taichung
Dadu 大肚區 Dàdù Qū Taichung
Dajia 大甲區 Dàjiǎ Qū Taichung
Dali 大里區 Dàlǐ Qū Taichung
Daya 大雅區 Dàyǎ Qū Taichung
Dongshi 東勢區 Dōngshì Qū Taichung
East 東區 Dōngqū Taichung
Fengyuan 豐原區 Fēngyúan Qū Taichung
Heping 和平區 Hépíng Qū Taichung
Houli 后里區 Hòulǐ Qū Taichung
Longjing 龍井區 Lóngjǐng Qū Taichung
Nantun 南屯區 Nántún Qū Taichung
North 北區 Běiqū Taichung
Qingshui 清水區 Qīngshuǐ Qū Taichung
Shalu 沙鹿區 Shālù Qū Taichung
Shengang 神岡區 Shéngāng Qū Taichung
Shigang 石岡區 Shígāng Qū Taichung
South 南區 Nánqū Taichung
Taiping 太平區 Tàipíng Qū Taichung
Tanzi 潭子區 Tánzǐ Qū Taichung
Waipu 外埔區 Wàipǔ Qū Taichung
West 西區 Xiqū Taichung
Wufeng 霧峰區 Wùfēng Qū Taichung
Wuqi 梧棲區 Wúqī Qū Taichung
Wuri 烏日區 Wūrì Qū Taichung
Xinshe 新社區 Xīnshè Qū Taichung
Xitun 西屯區 Xitún Qū Taichung
Anding 安定區 Āndìng Qū Tainan
Annan 安南區 Ānnán Qū Tainan
Anping 安平區 Ānpíng Qū Tainan
Baihe 白河區 Báihé Qū Tainan
Beimen 北門區 Běimén Qū Tainan
Danei 大內區 Dànèi Qū Tainan
Dongshan 東山區 Dōngshān Qū Tainan
East 東區 Dōngqū Tainan
Guanmiao 關廟區 Guānmiào Qū Tainan
Guantian 官田區 Guāntián Qū Tainan
Guiren 歸仁區 Guīrén Qū Tainan
Houbi 後壁區 Hòubì Qū Tainan
Jiali 佳里區 Jiālǐ Qū Tainan
Jiangjun 將軍區 Jiāngjūn Qū Tainan
Longqi 龍崎區 Lóngqí Qū Tainan
Liujia 六甲區 Liùjiǎ Qū Tainan
Liuying 柳營區 Liǔyíng Qū Tainan
Madou 麻豆區 Mádòu Qū Tainan
Nanhua 南化區 Nánhuà Qū Tainan
Nanxi 楠西區 Nánxī Qū Tainan
North 北區 Běiqū Tainan
Qigu 七股區 Qīgǔ Qū Tainan
Rende 仁德區 Réndé Qū Tainan
Shanhua 善化區 Shànhuà Qū Tainan
Shanshang 山上區 Shānshàng Qū Tainan
South 南區 Nánqū Tainan
West Central 中西區 Zhōngxī Qū Tainan
Xiaying 下營區 Xiàyíng Qū Tainan
Xigang 西港區 Xīgǎng Qū Tainan
Xinhua 新化區 Xīnhuà Qū Tainan
Xinshi 新市區 Xīnshì Qū Tainan
Xinying 新營區 Xīnyíng Qū Tainan
Xuejia 學甲區 Xuéjiǎ Qū Tainan
Yanshui 鹽水區 Yánshuǐ Qū Tainan
Yongkang 永康區 Yǒngkāng Qū Tainan
Yujing 玉井區 Yùjĭng Qū Tainan
Zuozhen 左鎮區 Zuǒzhèn Qū Tainan
Beitou 北投區 Běitóu Qū Taipei
Da'an 大安區 Dà'ān Qū Taipei
Datong 大同區 Dàtóng Qū Taipei
Nangang 南港區 Nángǎng Qū Taipei
Neihu 內湖區 Nèihú Qū Taipei
Shilin 士林區 Shìlín Qū Taipei
Songshan 松山區 Sōngshān Qū Taipei
Xinyi 信義區 Wànhuá Qū Taipei
Wanhua 萬華區 Wénshān Qū Taipei
Wenshan 文山區 Xìnyì Qū Taipei
Zhongshan 中山區 Zhōngshān Qū Taipei
Zhongzheng 中正區 Zhōngzhèng Qū Taipei
Bade 八德區 Bādé Qū Taoyuan
Daxi 大溪區 Dàxī Qū Taoyuan
Dayuan 大園區 Dàyuán Qū Taoyuan
Fuxing 復興區 Fùxīng Qū Taoyuan
Dayuan 觀音區 Guānyīn Qū Taoyuan
Guishan 龜山區 Guīshān Qū Taoyuan
Longtan 龍潭區 Lóngtán Qū Taoyuan
Luzhu 蘆竹區 Lúzhú Qū Taoyuan
Pingzhen 平鎮區 Píngzhèn Qū Taoyuan
Taoyuan 桃園區 Táoyuán Qū Taoyuan
Xinwu 新屋區 Xīnwū Qū Taoyuan
Yangmei 楊梅區 Yángméi Qū Taoyuan
Zhongli 中壢區 Zhōnglì Qū Taoyuan

Former districts[edit]

Taipei[edit]

Pingtung[edit]

Changhua[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KaoHsiung City". Post.gov.tw.
  2. ^ "New Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
  3. ^ "Taichung City". Post.gov.tw.
  4. ^ "Tainan City". Post.gov.tw.
  5. ^ "Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
  6. ^ "ChiaYi City". Post.gov.tw.
  7. ^ "Hsinchu City". Post.gov.tw.
  8. ^ "KeeLung City". Post.gov.tw.
  9. ^ a b "Glossary of Names for Admin Divisions" (PDF). Taiwan Geographic Names Information Systems. The Ministry of Interior of ROC. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  1. ^ "Glossary of Names for Admin Divisions" (PDF). placesearch.moi.gov.tw. Ministry of Interior of the ROC. Retrieved 12 June 2015.