Districts ( Chinese: 區; pinyin: ; qū Pe̍h-ōe-jī: ) refer to a type of administrative division in ku Taiwan.
History [ edit ]
Second World War, Taiwan was transferred from Japan to the Republic of China. Consequently, several provincial cities were established in Taiwan, including Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Pingtung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei. On the other hand, the towns (町) in the original Prefecture-controlled cities were merged into several Districts (區). However Changhua and Pingtung were downgraded to county-controlled cities and their districts are now defunct.
Taipei was promoted as a special municipality by the central government in 1967, several Townships surrounding the city were merged into Taipei City and were reorganized as its districts. Afterwards, through another reorganization in 1990, the 12 current districts were formed. In addition, the largest city in southern Taiwan - Kaohsiung was promoted as a special municipality in 1979. Siaogang Township was also merged to Siaogang District.
In December 2010, the four new
special municipalities were established namely Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. Subsequently, all the county-controlled cities and townships in Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and Taipei Counties were reformed as districts of the new Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and New Taipei cities respectively. Their names, nevertheless, remained the same. The same thing happened to Taoyuan on 25 December 2014 where there are additional new 13 districts from the former county.
These municipalities and provincial cities use
district administrative centers for public affairs services to serve the residents of these districts. Also, the directors of these districts and administrative centers are appointed by the mayors, with four years per term.
In 4 February 2014, six districts were reclassify as
Special Municipal Mountain Indigenous District ( Chinese: 直轄市山地原住民區; pinyin: ) or shorten as Zhíxiáshì Shāndì Yuánzhùmín Qū Mountain Indigenous District ( Chinese: 山地原住民區; pinyin: ); Shāndì Yuánzhùmín Qū Wulai District in New Taipei, Fuxing District in Taoyuan, Heping District in Taichuang, along with Namasia District, Maolin District, and Taoyuan District in Kaohsiung.
Municipal districts in Taiwan [ edit ]
Taiwan, districts are the only subdivisions of special municipalities and provincial cities.
List of Districts in Taiwan [ edit ]
Currently, there are 164 districts and 6 mountain indigenous districts located in the
special municipalities and the provincial cities.
Districts in Provincial cities [ edit ]
Districts in Special municipalities [ edit ]
Former districts [ edit ]
Jingmei, Taipei (1968-1990), now Wenshan after merged with Muzha
Muzha, Taipei (1968-1990), now Wenshan after merged with Jingmei Jiancheng, Taipei (?-1990), now part of
Datong after merged with former Datong and Yanping Yanping, Taipei (?-1990), now part of
Datong after merged with former Datong and Jiancheng
Zhongzhong, Taipei (?-1990), now Zhongzheng after merged with Guting
Guting, Taipei (?-1990), now Zhongzheng after merged with Zhongzhong
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]