District (Taiwan)

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Administrative divisions
of the Republic of China
(Taiwan)
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History of the administrative
divisions of the Republic of China


Districts (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: ku) refer to a type of administrative division in Taiwan.

History[edit]

After the Second World War, Taiwan was transferred from Japan to the Republic of China. Consequently, several provincial cities were established in Taiwan, including Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Pingtung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei. On the other hand, the towns (町) in the original Prefecture-controlled cities were merged into several Districts (區). However Changhua and Pingtung were downgraded to county-controlled cities and their districts are now defunct.

When Taipei was promoted as a special municipality by the central government in 1967, several Townships surrounding the city were merged into Taipei City and were reorganized as its districts. Afterwards, through another reorganization in 1990, the 12 current districts were formed. In addition, the largest city in southern Taiwan - Kaohsiung was promoted as a special municipality in 1979. Siaogang Township was also merged to Siaogang District.

In December 2010, the four new special municipalities were established namely Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. Subsequently, all the county-controlled cities and townships in Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and Taipei Counties were reformed as districts of the new Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and New Taipei cities respectively. Their names, nevertheless, remained the same. The same thing happened to Taoyuan on 25 December 2014 where there are additional new 13 districts from the former county.

These municipalities and provincial cities use district administrative centers for public affairs services to serve the residents of these districts. Also, the directors of these districts and administrative centers are appointed by the mayors, with four years per term.

In 4 February 2014, six districts were reclassify as Special Municipal Mountain Indigenous District (Chinese: 直轄市山地原住民區; pinyin: Zhíxiáshì Shāndì Yuánzhùmín Qū) or shorten as Mountain Indigenous District (Chinese: 山地原住民區; pinyin: Shāndì Yuánzhùmín Qū); Wulai District in New Taipei, Fuxing District in Taoyuan, Heping District in Taichuang, along with Namasia District, Maolin District, and Taoyuan District in Kaohsiung.

Municipal districts in Taiwan[edit]

In Taiwan, districts are the only subdivisions of special municipalities and provincial cities.

List of Districts in Taiwan[edit]

Currently, there are 164 districts and 6 mountain indigenous districts located in the special municipalities and the provincial cities.

Division type Special municipality Provincial city Total
Name Kaohsiung[1] New Taipei[2] Taichung[3] Tainan[4] Taipei[5] Taoyuan Chiayi[6] Hsinchu[7] Keelung[8]
No. of Dist. 35 (3) 28 (1) 28 (1) 37 12 12 (1) 2 3 7 170

Districts in Provincial cities[edit]

Chiayi[edit]
  1. East (東區)
  2. West (西區)
Hsinchu[edit]
  1. East (東區)
  2. North (北區)
  3. Xiangshan (香山區)
Keelung[edit]
  1. Anle (安樂區)
  2. Nuannuan (暖暖區)
  3. Qidu (七堵區)
  4. Ren'ai (仁愛區)
  5. Xinyi (信義區)
  6. Zhongshan (中山區)
  7. Zhongzheng (中正區)

Districts in Special municipalities[edit]

Kaohsiung[edit]
  1. Alian (阿蓮區)
  2. Daliao (大寮區)
  3. Dashe (大社區)
  4. Dashu (大樹區)
  5. Fengshan (鳳山區)
  6. Gangshan (岡山區)
  7. Gushan (鼓山區)
  8. Hunei (湖內區)
  9. Jiaxian (甲仙區)
  10. Lingya (苓雅區)
  11. Linyuan (林園區)
  12. Liugui (六龜區)
  13. Luzhu (路竹區)
  14. Maolin (茂林區)*
  15. Meinong (美濃區)
  16. Mituo (彌陀區)
  17. Namaxia (那瑪夏區)*
  18. Nanzi (楠梓區)
  19. Neimen (內門區)
  20. Niaosong (鳥松區)
  21. Qianjin (前金區)
  22. Qianzhen (前鎮區)
  23. Qiaotou (橋頭區)
  24. Qieding (茄萣區)
  25. Qijin (旗津區)
  26. Qishan (旗山區)
  27. Renwu (仁武區)
  28. Sanmin (三民區)
  29. Shanlin (杉林區)
  30. Taoyuan (桃源區)*
  31. Tianliao (田寮區)
  32. Xiaogang (小港區)
  33. Xinxing (新興區)
  34. Yanchao (燕巢區)
  35. Yancheng (鹽埕區)
  36. Yong'an (永安區)
  37. Ziguan (梓官區)
  38. Zuoying (左營區)
New Taipei[edit]
  1. Bali (八里區)
  2. Banqiao (板橋區)
  3. Gongliao (貢寮區)
  4. Jinshan (金山區)
  5. Linkou (林口區)
  6. Luzhou (蘆洲區)
  7. Pinglin (坪林區)
  8. Pingxi (平溪區)
  9. Ruifang (瑞芳區)
  10. Sanchong (三重區)
  11. Sanxia (三峽區)
  12. Sanzhi (三芝區)
  13. Shenkeng (深坑區)
  14. Shiding (石碇區)
  15. Shimen (石門區)
  16. Shuangxi (雙溪區)
  17. Shulin (樹林區)
  18. Taishan (泰山區)
  19. Tamsui (淡水區)
  20. Tucheng (土城區)
  21. Wanli (萬里區)
  22. Wugu (五股區)
  23. Wulai (烏來區)*
  24. Xindian (新店區)
  25. Xinzhuang (新莊區)
  26. Xizhi (汐止區)
  27. Yingge (鶯歌區)
  28. Yonghe (永和區)
  29. Zhonghe (中和區)
Taichung[edit]
  1. Beitun (北屯區)
  2. Central (中區)
  3. Da'an (大安區)
  4. Dadu (大肚區)
  5. Dajia (大甲區)
  6. Dali (大里區)
  7. Daya (大雅區)
  8. Dongshi (東勢區)
  9. East (東區)
  10. Fengyuan (豐原區)
  11. Heping (和平區)
  12. Houli (后里區)
  13. Longjing (龍井區)
  14. Nantun (南屯區)
  15. North (北區)
  16. Qingshui (清水區)
  17. Shalu (沙鹿區)
  18. Shengang (神岡區)
  19. Shigang (石岡區)
  20. South (南區)
  21. Taiping (太平區)*
  22. Tanzi (潭子區)
  23. Waipu (外埔區)
  24. West (西區)
  25. Wufeng (霧峰區)
  26. Wuqi (梧棲區)
  27. Wuri (烏日區)
  28. Xinshe (新社區)
  29. Xitun (西屯區)
Tainan[edit]
  1. Anding (安定區)
  2. Annan (安南區)
  3. Anping (安平區)
  4. Baihe (白河區)
  5. Beimen (北門區)
  6. Danei (大內區)
  7. Dongshan (東山區)
  8. East (東區)
  9. Guanmiao (關廟區)
  10. Guantian (官田區)
  11. Guiren (歸仁區)
  12. Houbi (後壁區)
  13. Jiali (佳里區)
  14. Jiangjun (將軍區)
  15. Longqi (龍崎區)
  16. Liujia (六甲區)
  17. Liuying (柳營區)
  18. Madou (麻豆區)
  19. Nanhua (南化區)
  20. Nanxi (楠西區)
  21. North (北區)
  22. Qigu (七股區)
  23. Rende (仁德區)
  24. Shanhua (善化區)
  25. Shanshang (山上區)
  26. South (南區)
  27. West Central (中西區)
  28. Xiaying (下營區)
  29. Xigang (西港區)
  30. Xinhua (新化區)
  31. Xinshi (新市區)
  32. Xinying (新營區)
  33. Xuejia (學甲區)
  34. Yanshui (鹽水區)
  35. Yongkang (永康區)
  36. Yujing (玉井區)
  37. Zuozhen (左鎮區)
Taipei[edit]
  1. Beitou (北投區)
  2. Da'an (大安區)
  3. Datong (大同區)
  4. Nangang (南港區)
  5. Neihu (內湖區)
  6. Shilin (士林區)
  7. Songshan (松山區)
  8. Xinyi (信義區)
  9. Wanhua (萬華區)
  10. Wenshan (文山區)
  11. Zhongshan (中山區)
  12. Zhongzheng (中正區)
Taoyuan[edit]
  1. Bade (八德區)
  2. Daxi (大溪區)
  3. Dayuan (大園區)
  4. Fuxing (復興區)*
  5. Dayuan (觀音區)
  6. Guishan (龜山區)
  7. Longtan (龍潭區)
  8. Luzhu (蘆竹區)
  9. Pingzhen (平鎮區)
  10. Taoyuan (桃園區)
  11. Xinwu (新屋區)
  12. Yangmei (楊梅區)
  13. Zhongli (中壢區)

Former districts[edit]

  • Jingmei, Taipei (1968-1990), now Wenshan after merged with Muzha
  • Muzha, Taipei (1968-1990), now Wenshan after merged with Jingmei
  • Jiancheng, Taipei (?-1990), now part of Datong after merged with former Datong and Yanping
  • Yanping, Taipei (?-1990), now part of Datong after merged with former Datong and Jiancheng
  • Zhongzhong, Taipei (?-1990), now Zhongzheng after merged with Guting
  • Guting, Taipei (?-1990), now Zhongzheng after merged with Zhongzhong

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KaoHsiung City". Post.gov.tw.
  2. ^ "New Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
  3. ^ "Taichung City". Post.gov.tw.
  4. ^ "Tainan City". Post.gov.tw.
  5. ^ "Taipei City". Post.gov.tw.
  6. ^ "ChiaYi City". Post.gov.tw.
  7. ^ "Hsinchu City". Post.gov.tw.
  8. ^ "KeeLung City". Post.gov.tw.