District 1, Ho Chi Minh City

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District 1

Quận 1
Downtown of Saigon
Downtown of Saigon
Position in HCMC's core
Position in HCMC's core
District 1 is located in Vietnam
District 1
District 1
Location in Vietnam
Coordinates: 10°45′43″N 106°35′41″E / 10.76194°N 106.59472°E / 10.76194; 106.59472Coordinates: 10°45′43″N 106°35′41″E / 10.76194°N 106.59472°E / 10.76194; 106.59472
Country Vietnam
Centrally governed cityHo Chi Minh City
Seat47 Lê Duẩn Boulevard
Commune, wards10 phường
Area
 • Total7.7211 km2 (2.9811 sq mi)
Population
 • Total204,899
 • Density27,000/km2 (69,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Main ethnic groupspredominantly Kinh
Time zoneUTC+07 (ICT)
Websitequan1.hochiminhcity.gov.vn

District 1 (Quận 1) is the central urban district of Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam. With a total area of 7.7211 km2 (2.9811 sq mi) the district has a population of 204,899 people as of 2010.[1] The district is divided into 10 small subsets which are called wards (phường). District 1 contains most of the city's administrative offices, consulates, and large buildings. District 1 is the busiest district in the city with the highest living standards. Đồng Khởi street and Nguyễn Huệ boulevard in District 1 are the city's two main commercial centers. Đồng Khởi street is an area in high demand for real estate, hitting a record price of $50,000 per square meter in 2007.[2]

History[edit]

District 1 and the other seven districts of Ho Chi Minh City were founded on May 27, 1959. Before 1975, the first district only had four small subsets (wards) which were Trần Quang Khải, Tự Đức, Bến Nghé, Hòa Bình (named after major historical characters) and the second district had seven different wards which were Cầu Kho, Cầu Ông Lãnh, Huyện Sĩ, Nguyễn Cư Trinh, Nguyễn Cảnh Chân, Bùi Viện, Bến Thành. In May, 1976, the first and second district were combined into the District 1 of today.

Administration[edit]

District 1 is subdivided into ten wards, namely Bến Nghé, Bến Thành, Cô Giang, Cầu Kho, Cầu Ông Lãnh, Đa Kao, Nguyễn Thái Bình, Nguyễn Cư Trinh, Phạm Ngũ Lão, and Tân Định. Each ward has its own People's Committee, subordinate to the People's Committee of District 1.[3]

Demographic and geographical features[edit]

District 1 has a population of 204,899 people over the total of 7,162,864 in Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam. The total area of the district is about 7.7211 km2 (2.9811 sq mi). The District's density is 26,538 inhabitants per square kilometre (68,730/sq mi), very high compared to Ho Chi Minh City 3,419/km2 (8,860/sq mi) and Vietnam's 259/km2 (670/sq mi) respective densities.

District 1 is located towards the center of Ho Chi Minh City. The district area is divided into Bình Thạnh District and Phú Nhuận District with the Thị Nghè canal as a border, and District 3 - Hai Bà Trưng street and Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai street as a northern border, District 2 in the east with Sai Gon River as the border, District 5 to the west with Nguyễn Văn Cừ street as the border, and District 4 to the south, with the Bến Nghé canal as a border.[2]

Economy[edit]

When Saigon was governed by South Vietnam, Air Vietnam's head office was located in District 1.[4]

District 1 is considered the financial center of Saigon and Vietnam. It is home to the Ho Chi Minh City Stock Exchange and Vietnamese headquarters of international banks such as HSBC, ANZ, Standard Chartered, Citi, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of China, and Maybank. District 1 also known as the best spot for shopping in Vietnam, with a high concentration of shopping centres and luxury brands.

Consulates[edit]

Ho Chi Minh City is Vietnam's biggest and busiest city, with a large population of immigrants from around the world living and working there. Because District 1 is the city's central district, many foreign consulates are located there.

The Consulate of Australia Level 20, Vincom Center 47 Lý Tự Trọng, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Cambodia 41 Phùng Khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Canada 235 Đồng Khởi, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of China 175 Hai Bà Trưng, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Cuba 45 Phùng khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of the Czech Republic 28 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of France 27 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Hungary 22 Phùng Khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Indonesia 18 Phùng Khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Italy 17 Lê Duẩn Ward, Bến Nghé, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Korea 107 Nguyễn Du, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Laos 93 Pasteur, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Malaysia 2 Ngô Đức Kế, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of New Zealand 41 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Japan 13-17 Nguyễn Huệ, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Panama 7A Lê Thánh Tôn, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Poland 2 Trần Cao Vân, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Singapore 65 Lê Lợi, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Sweden 8A/11 D1 Lầu 5 Thái Văn Lung, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Switzerland 2 Ngô Đức Kế, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of the United Kingdom 25 Lê Duẩn, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of the United States of America 4 Lê Duẩn, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City

[3]

Education[edit]

Many of the best public schools in the city are located in District 1. Vietnam's system of private schools is relatively new and is still in the developing stage.[citation needed]

Kindergarten:

Name Address Notes
Trường Mầm Non Sân Lá Cọ - Stamford Grammar 4Bis Phùng Khắc Khoan
Tuổi Hồng 21 Yersin
Tân Định 26 Đặng Dung
Tuổi Thơ 97 Nguyễn Du
Cô Giang 50 Hồ Hảo Hớn
Nguyễn Cư Trinh 122 Trần Đình Xu
Lê Thị Riêng 39 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu
Hoa Lư 1 Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm
Hoa Lan 541 Trần Hưng Đạo
Nguyễn Thái Bình 121-123 Ng Thái Bình
Phạm Ngũ Lão 329 Phạm Ngũ Lão
30/4 174-176 Pasteur
20/10 85A Nguyễn Trãi
Bến Thành 87 Sương Nguyệt Anh
Bé Ngoan 108 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu
Hoa Quỳnh 34 Nguyễn Phi Khanh
Baby 31A Lý Tự Trọng
Panda 18 Phan Kế Bính
Asia-Pacific 26/6 Nguyễn Bĩnh Khiêm
Nemo 14V Nguyễn Đình Chiểu
Ngôi nhà nhỏ 16 Phan Liêm International citizens
Sapa 1 Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh International citizens
Dân lập Mạnh Mẫu 96 Thạch Thị Thanh International citizens
Chuyên biệt Tương Lai 27A Trần Nhật Duật International citizens

[5]

University:

Name Established Address
Posts and Telecommunications Institute of Technology - 11, Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street
Hoa Sen University - 8 Nguyễn Văn Tráng
Conservatory of Ho Chi Minh City - 112 Nguyen Du
Ho Chi Minh City University of Social Sciences and Humanities 1955 10 - 12 Đinh Tiên Hoàng
Faculty of Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City Medicine and Pharmacy University - 41 Đinh Tiên Hoàng
Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City - 125 Cong Quynh

Office buildings[edit]

Many grade A office towers are located in District 1, HCMC.

Name Address Notes
Zen Plaza 54-56 Nguyen Trai Street, Dist. 1, HCMC
Vietcombank Tower 5 Me Linh Square, Dist.1, HCMC
TNR Tower 180-192 Nguyen Cong Tru Street, Dist.1, HCMC
Saigon Finance 9 Dinh Tien Hoang Street, Dist. 1, HCMC
Kumho Asiana Plaza 39 Le Duan Street, Dist.1, HCMC
HD Tower 25bis NguyenThi Minh Khai Street, Dist.1, HCMC
The Green Power Tower 35 Ton Duc Thang Street, Dist.1, HCMC
Central Plaza 17 Le Duan Street, Dist.1, HCMC
Deutsches Haus 33 Le Duan Street, District 1, HCMC
Saigon Centre 65 Le Loi Street, District 1, HCMC
Saigon Tower 29 Le Duan, District 1, HCMC
Melinh Point Tower 2 Ngo Duc Ke, District 1, HCMC
Opera View 161 Dong Khoi, District 1, HCMC
HMC Tower 193 Dinh Tien Hoang, District 1, HCMC
Havana Tower 132 Ham Nghi, District 1, HCMC
CJ Building 2-4-6 Le Thanh Ton, District 1, HCMC
Citilight Tower 45 Vo Thi Sau, District 1, HCMC
Ruby Tower 81 – 85 Ham Nghi Street, District 1, HCMC
Sunwah Tower 115 Nguyen Hue, District 1, HCMC
Sailing Tower 111A Pasteur, District 1, HCMC
Times Square 22 – 36 Nguyen Hue Street, District 1, HCMC
Le Meridien 3C Ton Duc Thang Street, District 1, HCMC
President Place 93 Nguyen Du Street, District 1, HCMC
Diamond Plaza 34 Le Duan Street, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, HCMC
Bitexco Financial Tower 2 Hai Trieu Street, District 1, HCMC
President Place 93 Nguyen Du Street, District 1, HCMC

Tourist sights[edit]

Historical sights[edit]

Buildings such as the Saigon Notre-Dame Basilica, the Saigon Opera House, the Central Post Office, the City Hall, Phạm Ngũ Lão Street, the former Republic of Vietnam President's Reunification Palace, Hotel Majestic, and Rex Hotel are some of the most famous historical sights in District 1. Besides these places, most streets in District 1 built and designed since 1946 were completed by the French. Most of the buildings constructed since the French colonial era are still standing, with most having been recently renovated.

Other Attractions[edit]

The Bitexco Financial Tower is the tallest building in the city as of the beginning of 2016, and a symbol of modernity mixed with cultural influences. In addition, the Bui Vien and Nguyen Hue districts are also interesting places for visitors.

District 1 Skyline from Saigon River

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Districts of Vietnam". Statoids. Retrieved March 20, 2009.
  2. ^ a b HCMC city government Archived September 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b http://www.quan1.com/
  4. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 10 April 1969. 557. "Head Office: 116 Boulevard Nguyen-Hue. Saigon. South Vietnam."
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2010-11-18.

External links[edit]