District Administration, Rangamati

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District administration is the apex office of a district at the present context of administrative setting of Bangladesh. It is the management of affairs within a district, which is the basic territorial unit of administration in the country. It is at this level that the common man comes into direct contact with the administration. The district falls under the charge of a district officer, called either deputy commissioner or district collector or district magistrate. This officer acts as the representative of the central government at this level. Like other district administrations of the country, District Administration Rangamati, widely known as the Office of the deputy commissioner is the representative of the cabinet in the Rangamati Hill District.

Evolution of Rangamati District Administration[edit]

Bangladesh bears a colonial legacy in its entire public administration system. Present day Bangladesh was a part of the British Empire for almost two hundred years. In 1947, Pakistani rulers replaced the British and dominated the area, then known as East Pakistan until a bitter war in 1971. Which brought about an independent Bangladesh.

British era[edit]

Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) was a part of Chittagong District before 1860. The region was ruled by the deputy commissioner from Chittagong. CHT was segregated from Chittagong district and made a complete district in 1860. In 1859, a fort situated by the side of canal Kaptai was attacked and demolished by the tribal people from east. So, the then divisional commissioner of Chittagong decided to provide safety to the tribal people of the hill tracts and proposed to the governor of Bengal to segregate the region from regulation district Chittagong. The proposal was accepted and enacted on 1 August 1860 by the Act XXII of the year. An officer entitled as superintendent was appointed. Captain McGrath was made the first superintendent of the district to rule. He would execute British rule under the provision of the divisional commissioner of Chittagong.

Designation of the ruler turned into deputy commissioner from superintendent in 1867. First administrative headquarters of the district was set up at Chandraghona in 1863. But the headquarters transferred to Rangamati from Chandraghona in 1868 and came into effect in the following year. Capt. T. H. Lewin was the first deputy commissioner who moved to Rangamati permanently. But in 1891 CHT lost its position as a district because of the conquest of the Lushai Hills by the British. Which reduced the importance of Chittagong Hill Tracts as a district. It was made a sub-division of Chittagong district and given the authority to rule to an assistant commissioner. But in 1900, a regulation named Chittagong Hill Tracts regulation 1900 was formulated to administer the area and the position of CHT as a district was reinstated. Officer in charge of the district became superintendent again. At this time, the district was divided into three sub-divisions such as Rangamati, Bandarban & Ramghar. A sub-divisional officer was appointed to each sub-division. Three more sub-divisions were created by three different gazettes in 1979. In 1920, the CHT regulation 1900 was amended and the ruler of the district was renamed as the deputy commissioner and an ICS officer was appointed as the deputy commissioner of-CHT. Sub-ordinate officers of the deputy commissioner were termed as deputy magistrate or deputy collector and sub-deputy magistrate or sub-deputy collector.

Pakistan Era[edit]

In 1960, under the provision of Basic Democracy 11 Thana porishad and 39 union porishad were created in the CHT. Later this thana was renamed as upazila. Kaptai hydro power station was established in 1960 which brought radical change in the socioeconomic aspects of the people. More than 0.1 million people were affected by this project.

Bangladesh period[edit]

Present organogram[edit]

The Deputy Commissioner (DC) and District Magistrate (DM) is at the top of the office. There are multiple additional deputy commissioners (ADCs) at an office to give the hand to the Deputy Commissioner. In many districts, there are five to six ADCs. But in Rangamati Hill District, there are three ADCs, namely: ADC (General), ADC(Revenue) and additional district magistrate (ADM). Assistant commissioners (AC) work under the direct supervision of the Deputy Commissioner and additional deputy commissioners, who are in charge of various sections of the office. A senior AC plays the role of Nezarat Deputy Collector (NDC). In every section there is clerk, MLSS, bearers etc. The senior clerk is known as the head assistant of the section.

Deputy commissioners and district magistrates who served[edit]

British Period[edit]

SL. No. Name Year
01. Captain Magrath 1860
02. Mr. G. Macgill 1864
03. Mr. J.S.K. Kilby 1865
04. Mr. T.H. Lewin 1866-69
05. Mr. E. Raity 1869-70
06 Mr. T.H. Lewin

1871-74

07. Mr. A.W. Power 1874-76
08. Mr. J. Anderson 1876-77
09. Mr. A.F. Gordon 1881
10. Mr. L.R. Forbes 1882-84
11. Mr. C.A.S. Reford 1884-86
12. Mr. C. Owen 1887
13. Mr. L.R. Forbes 1887
14. Mr. C.S.S. Redford 1891
15. Mr. C.S. Masray 1891
16. Mr. F.C. Daly 1891
17. Mr. C.S. Munay 1892
18. Mr. J.A. Cave-Browne 1893
19. Mr. C.S. Munay 1893
20. Mr. R.H.S. Hutchinson 1894
21. Mr. C.S. Munay 1894-96
22 Mr. J.A. Cave-Browne 1896
23. Mr. W.N. Deleirgne 1897
24. Mr. F.P. Dixon 1897
25. Mr. J.A. Cave-Browne 1898
26. Mr. R.H.S. Hutchinson 1899
27. Mr. R.A. Stephen 1901
28. Mr. R. A. Stephenson, CSI, CIE 1904
29. Mr. R.H.S. Hutchinson 1906
30. Mr. H.L. Fell 1908
31. Mr. J.B. McDermott 1909
32. Mr. R.A. Stephen 1910
33. Mr. R. H.S. Hutchinson 1911
34. Mr. J.W. McDermott 1911
35. Mr. R.A. Stephen 1911
36. Mr. O. Mawson 1912
37. Mr. A.J.W. Hanis 1916
38. Mr. O. Mawson 1916
39. Mr. A.J.W. Hanis 1917
40. Mr. O Mawson 1918
41. Mr. A. J.W. Hanis 1919
42. Mr. J. Younie 1920
43. Mr. H.R. Wilkinson 1920
44. Mr. G.A. Stevens 1922
45. Mr. T.M. Dow 1923
46. Mr. C.G.B. Stevens 1923
47. Mr. A.S. Hands 1927
48. Hon’ble Rai S.C. Basu Bahadur 1929
49. Mr. A.S. Hands 1929
50. Mr. S.K. Ghosh 1931
51. Mr. W.H.T. Ghushi 1934
52. Mr. S. Dutt 1936
53. Mr. W.H.J. Christe 1936
54. Lt. Col. G. L. Hyde, O.B.E. 1937
55. Mr. A. K. Ghosh 1939

Pakistan Period[edit]

SL. No. Name Year
56. Lt. Col. G. L. Hyde, O.B.E. 14-8-1947 to 31-1-1948
57. Major L.H. Niblett 1-2-1948 to 24-12-1950
58. Lt. Col. J. A. Hume 25-12-1950 to 15-8-1953
59. Mr. M. H. Shah, C.S.P. 30-9-1953 to 30-6-1954
60. Major L.H. Niblett 1-7-1954 to 11-12-1956
61. Mr. S. Afzal Agha, C.S.P. 15-2-1957 to 21-8-1958
62. Mr. M.A. Kareem Iqbal, C.S.P. 22-8-1958 to 12-2-1960
63. Mr. Helaluddin Ahmed Chowdhury, C.S.P. 13-2-1960 to 24-1-1964
64. Mr. S.Z. Khan, C.S.P. 10-2-1963 to 1-7-1964
65. Mr. M.S. Rahman, C.S.P. 1-8-1964 to 5-8-1966
66. Mr. L.R. Khan, C.S.P. 9-8-1966 to 23-7-1969
67. Mr. H.T. Imam, C.S.P. 24-7-1969 to 14-05-1971

Bangladesh Period[edit]

SL. No. Name Year
68. Mr. Aminul Islam, C.S.P. 15-5-1971 to 15-12-1971
69. Mr. M. E. Sharif 26-12-1971 to 20-03-1972
70. Mr. Jinnat Ali 21-03.1972 to 10.05.1973
71. Mr. M. Sharafath Ullah 11-05-1973 to 16-04.1974
72. Mr. A. M. A. Kadir 17-04-1974 to 09-01-1976
73. Mr. Ali Haider Khan 09-01-1976 to 06-03-1983
74. Mr. M. A. Malek 18.04.1983 to 03.09.1985
75. Mr. Md. Shafiqul Islam 03-09-1985 to 22-01-1990
76. Mr. Md. Aftabuddin 22-01-1990 to 02-07-1992
77. Mr. Mohammed Hasan 02-07-1992 to 30-11-1995
78. Mr. Md. Kamal Uddin 02-12-1995 to 24-04-1996
79. Mr. Shah Alam 24-04-1996 to 08-09-1999
80. Mr. Md. Abu Haider Sardar 08-09-1999 to 09-07-2001
81. Mr. Md. Azmal Hossain 10-07-2001 to 05-08-2001
82. Dr. Zafar Ahmed Khan 06-08-2001 to 15-02-2005
83. Gazi Mohammad Julhash 15-02-2005 to 28-08-2006
84. Mr. Harun-Ur-Rashid Khan 29-08-2006 to 16-05-2007
85. Mr. Md. Nurul Amin 16-05-2007 to 24-03-2009
86. Mr. Saurendra Nath Chakrabhartty 24-03-2009 to 27/05/2012
87. Md. Mostafa Kamal 28/05/2012 to 24/12/2014
88. Md. Shamsul Arefin 24/12/2014 to 17/09/2016
89. Md. Mohammad Manzarul Mannan 18/09/2016 to present

Functions[edit]

District magistracy[edit]

Law and order[edit]

District magistrate plays vital role for maintaining law, order and discipline. Rules and regulations of the country attribute a large scale of authority to the district magistrate. District magistrate is the chairperson of District Law and Order Committee while the superintendent of police of a district is the vice chairman. District magistrate sends reports to cabinet regarding law and order situation of the district. Police Regulation of Bengal.

Land administration[edit]

District Administration was originated mainly for collecting land revenue. Administrative system was evolved by the then East India Company for collecting land revenue. Criminal prosecution, administration, co-ordination of government offices and development activities were later added to the activities of district administration. Deputy commissioner, as a district collector collects revenue in the jurisdiction of his district. Rangamati as a part of Chittagong Hill Tract, maintain different revenue collection system, from other districts of the country. From the collecting revenuers government gets 26%, crime chief gets .............. and headman gets.........................

Executive authority[edit]

Development[edit]

Coordination[edit]

Innovation in services[edit]

Mid-day meal[edit]

District Administration has started various programs to bring about a positive change in the educational arena of the district. At present district administration is rendering support to poor students of the district.

Distribution of free school dress to students[edit]

Rangamati District Administration has taken initiative to distribute school dress to students of primary school. This program has taken by the deputy commissioner of Rangamati. School bag, umbrella and dress have distributed to hundreds of students presently. This program is taken to reduce drop-out of students and to create appreciation among the parents with the objective that they send their off-spring to school.

Bungalow of the Deputy Commissioner & District Magistrate[edit]

Bungalow Museum[edit]

DC Bungalow museum was established in 2010 by the then deputy commissioner of Rangamati, Mr. Saurendra Nath Chakrabharty. The museum was inaugurated by (the first cabinet secretary of Bangladesh), H. T. Imam, who was the deputy commissioner of Chittagong Hill Tract in 1969. The museum exhibits pictures of all the deputy commissioners. There is also a typewriter of British era. A weight of hundred years old etc. The museum has the collection of government-published calendars of previous 50 years.

Circuit house[edit]

Circuit house, Rangamati is under the supervision of deputy commissioner. It is one of the best circuit houses of the country. There are six rooms in the circuit house. All is equipped with modern amenities and fully air-conditioned.

BIAM Laboratory School[edit]

BIAM Laboratory School is a joint venture of District Administration, Rangamati and Bangladesh Institute of Administration and Management (BIAM) foundation, Dhaka. the school started its inception in 2012. Md. Mostafa Kamal, former deputy commissioner of Rangamati took the initiative to establish a quality English medium school in Rangamati. BIAM school has its own campus in Tabalchari area. Assistant commissioner of Education and welfare section perform the duty as the principal of the school.