District Council of Yankalilla

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This article is about the local government area in South Australia. For the associated town, see Yankalilla, South Australia.
District Council of Yankalilla
South Australia
Yankalilla LGA.png
Location of the District Council of Yankalilla
Population 4,577 (2009)[1]
 • Density 6.0978/km2 (15.7932/sq mi)
Established 1856
Area 750.6 km2 (289.8 sq mi)
Mayor Glen Rowlands[2]
Council seat Yankalilla
Region Fleurieu and Kangaroo Island[3]
State electorate(s) Finniss[4]
Federal Division(s) Mayo[5]
DC yankalilla logo.jpg
Website District Council of Yankalilla
LGAs around District Council of Yankalilla:
City of Onkaparinga Alexandrina Council
District Council of Yankalilla City of Victor Harbor
Kangaroo Island Council

The District Council of Yankalilla is a local government area centred on the town of Yankalilla on the Fleurieu Peninsula in South Australia.

It was created on 23 October 1856, when the District Council of Yankalilla and Myponga was divided into two. It later absorbed two other councils: the District Council of Myponga on 5 January 1888, one of a number of amalgamations mandated under the District Councils Act 1887, and later the District Council of Rapid Bay on 12 May 1932.[6]

The district has a rich history, as one of the earliest South Australian coastal settlements, and a wide range of agricultural activities having taken place. Today the district remains agricultural in nature, supplemented by tourism and forestry.

History[edit]

Pre-European[edit]

The Fleurieu Peninsula was originally inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna people, who openly met with the Ramindjeri and other peoples for trade and exchanges.[7] Aboriginal myth credits the formation of the land forms of the Fleurieu Peninsula to the travels of Tjilbruke as he grieved carrying the body of his nephew from the Sturt River to Cape Jervis.[8]

Evidence of Megafauna, including bones attributed to Diprotodon, Maesopus – the giant kangaroo and Thylacoleo – a marsupial lion, were discovered in the 1890s. A Diprotodon leg bone was found in a swamp in the 1890s and conjecture surrounds the possibility that the animals were hunted by local aboriginal groups.[9]

European history[edit]

The Fleurieu Peninsula was first mapped by Europeans in 1802 with both the French Nicholas Baudin and the English Matthew Flinders travelling the coastline, with Baudin giving Fleurieu Peninsula its name.

William Light was the first to land on the mainland, at Rapid Bay in 1836, and declared the area "rich beyond expectation". His report resulted in the early intensive settlement of the area and the District was considered for the site of the new settlement of South Australia, before further surveying showed the site of Adelaide to be superior.[10]

Governor Hindmarsh recorded the aboriginal pronunciation of "Yoongalilla", as applied to the District and noted this in dispatches of 1837. Other legends as to the origin of the name exist, with some claims that the area was named after an American "Yankie" whaler, whose kind frequented the area at the time. There is little evidence for most of these theories however. In 1911, the town was officially proclaimed Yankalilla, which was to later become the name of the district.[11]

Whalers and sealers became the first Europeans to establish semi-permanently in the district in the early 19th century, with a whaling station established at Fisheries Beach, but a combination of ship wrecks, decreasing whale numbers and the petroleum industry forced its closure in 1855.[12]

Farming land in the District was also surveyed for purchase in 1838, with land released in 1840 and communities established at Myponga, Second Valley, Rapid Bay and later at Yankalilla. Sheep, potatoes and wheat were the first produce, with a variety of other crops grown later, including milling and the extraction of tannins from wattle bark prevalent in the district. Second Valley, Normanville and Yankalilla all had jetties constructed to serve the increasing demand for export.[10]

In 1852 the South Australian Government proclaimed an Act of Parliament appointing District Councils to administer local affairs. The District Council of Yankalilla was constituted on 5 April 1854.

The district remained an important one to the state, but as transportation improved, its proximity to Adelaide decreased its original importance and now has very little influence on the welfare of the state.[11]

Economy[edit]

A number of industries have come and gone in the district, including whaling and sealing, but agriculture now remains the staple source of the areas economy.

In the past, a number of products were farmed, including sheep, potatoes, wheat, beans, flax, tobacco, oats, maize and barley, as well as the aforementioned flour milling, timber milling and mining.[10]

Dairy farming has become a major part of the districts economy, and along with cereal crops and sheep, is the districts main source of economy. More recent developments include the trials of vineyards in the district, as well as land based aquaculture and sustainable forestry.[13]

Tourism also plays a minor role in the area, with its close proximity to Adelaide drawing large crowds to the seaside towns, especially during summer.

Localities[edit]

The District Council includes the following localities - Back Valley (part), Bald Hills, Cape Jervis, Carrickalinga, Deep Creek, Delamere, Hay Flat, Inman Valley, Mount Compass, Myponga, Myponga Beach, Normanville, Pages Flat (part), Parawa, Rapid Bay, Second Valley, Sellicks Hill, Silverton, Torrens Vale, Tunkalilla, Waitpinga, Wattle Flat, Willow Creek, Wirrina Cove and Yankalilla.[14]

Elected Members[edit]

Mayor: Glen Rowlands

CEO: VACANT

Councillors: Janet Jones Simon Rothwell Peter O'Neil David Olsson Rachel Preston Bruce Spilsbury Leonie Fitzgerald Rick Williams

Council currently meets once a month on the third Tuesday of the month, commencing at 4.00pm

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (30 March 2010). "Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2008–09". Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "Elected Members". District Council of Yankililla. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Fleurieu and Kangaroo Island SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "District of Finniss Background Profile". ELECTORAL COMMISSION SA. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Federal electoral division of Mayo, boundary gazetted 16 December 2011" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  6. ^ Marsden, Susan (2012). "A History of South Australian Councils to 1936" (PDF). Local Government Association of South Australia. p. 41. Retrieved 30 October 2015. 
  7. ^ ACC, Kaurna Tribe, archived from the original on 3 April 2007, retrieved 6 June 2007 
  8. ^ Aboriginal Education SA, Aboriginal Dreamings (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 26 January 2007, retrieved 6 June 2007 
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics, The Geology of Australia, retrieved 6 June 2007 
  10. ^ a b c DC of Yankalilla, History, retrieved 6 June 2007 
  11. ^ a b Walkabout South Australia, Yankalilla, retrieved 6 June 2007 
  12. ^ Sydney Morning Herald tourism (8 February 2004), "Yankalilla", The Sydney Morning Herald, retrieved 6 June 2007 
  13. ^ DC of Yankalilla, Agriculture and Primary Production, retrieved 6 June 2007 
  14. ^ "Search result for "Yankililla (Locality Bounded)" (Record no SA0029841) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities" and "Local Government Areas"". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°27′18″S 138°20′08″E / 35.455°S 138.335555556°E / -35.455; 138.335555556