District Courts (Republic of China)

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In the law of the Republic of China, the District Courts are the ordinary trial courts of general jurisdiction.

Courts[edit]

There are currently 22 District Courts in Taiwan[1]

Name Chinese Name Chinese Name Chinese
Changhua 臺灣彰化地方法院 Lienchiang 福建連江地方法院 Tainan 臺灣臺南地方法院
Chiayi 臺灣嘉義地方法院 Miaoli 臺灣苗栗地方法院 Taipei 臺灣臺北地方法院
Ciaotou 臺灣橋頭地方法院 Nantou 臺灣南投地方法院 Taitung 臺灣臺東地方法院
Hsinchu 臺灣新竹地方法院 New Taipei 臺灣新北地方法院 Taoyuan 臺灣桃園地方法院
Hualien 臺灣花蓮地方法院 Penghu 臺灣澎湖地方法院 Yilan 臺灣宜蘭地方法院
Kaohsiung 臺灣高雄地方法院 Pingtung 臺灣屏東地方法院 Yunlin 臺灣雲林地方法院
Keelung 臺灣基隆地方法院 Shilin 臺灣士林地方法院
Kinmen 福建金門地方法院 Taichung 臺灣臺中地方法院

Divisions[edit]

Each District Court may establish summary division for different regions under it, for the adjudication of cases suitable for summary judgment and small claims cases. The civil summary procedure is for cases involving an amount in controversy of not more than 500,000 New Taiwan dollars[2] and for simple legal disputes.[1] The small claims cases are cases demanding payment for less than 100,000 NTD.[3] Currently there are a total of 45 divisions in Taiwan.[1] Additionally, there is a Taiwan Kaohsiung Juvenile Court, established in accordance with the Law Governing the Disposition of Juvenile Cases.[1]

Each of the District Courts has civil, criminal and summary division and may establish specialized divisions to handle cases involving juveniles, family, traffic, and labor matters as well as motions to set aside rulings on violations of the Statute for the Maintenance of Social Order.[1] Each division has a Division Chief Judge who supervises and assigns the business of the division. Each District Court has a Public Defenders' Office and a Probation Officers' Office.[1]

Judges[edit]

A single judge hears and decides cases in ordinary and summary proceedings as well as in small claims cases.[1] A panel of three judges decides cases of great importance in ordinary proceedings as well as appeals or interlocutory appeals from the summary and small claims proceedings.[1] Criminal cases are decided by a panel of three judges, with the exception of summary proceedings which may be held by a single judge.[1] The Juvenile Court hears and decides only cases involving juveniles.[1]

Jurisdiction[edit]

District Courts have jurisdiction over the following cases:[1]

  • Ordinary or summary civil and criminal cases as well as civil small claim cases as courts of the first instance;
  • Civil and criminal appeals or interlocutory appeals from decisions rendered by the summary divisions;
  • Juvenile matters;
  • Family matters;
  • Traffic cases;
  • Civil compulsory execution cases;
  • Non-contentious matters;
  • Civil protection writs;
  • Rehabilitation of delinquents;
  • Labor-management disputes;
  • Elections and recalls;
  • Violations of the Statute for the Maintenance of Social Order;
  • Other cases prescribed by law.

Dispute[edit]

On 31 March 2017, Taipei District Court finished a judgment of first instance, this is the first time, the collegial court invoked the concept of "civil disobedience", and Identify the motive and purpose of the protest act, are related to public affair. They said the people of Sunflower Movement (As Huang Kuo-chang, Lin Fei-Fan, Chen Wei-ting,and related people) all are innocent.

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k See, Taipei District Court, About Us - Organization, http://tpd.judicial.gov.tw/indexen.asp?struID=52&navID=53&contentID=125 (last visited Mar. 28, 2012)
  2. ^ Article 427 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
  3. ^ Article 436-8 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

External links[edit]