District of Columbia Court of Appeals

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District of Columbia Court of Appeals
D.C. Court of Appeals.JPG
The District of Columbia Court of Appeals is located in the former D.C. City Hall, a National Historic Landmark.
Seal of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals.gif
Established 1970
Location Washington, DC at District of Columbia City Hall building at Judiciary Square
Composition method appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate
Authorized by derived from the United States Congress
Judge term length 15 years
Website http://www.dccourts.gov/internet/
Chief Judge
Currently
Since 2017

The District of Columbia Court of Appeals is the highest court of the District of Columbia. Established in 1970, it is equivalent to a state supreme court, except that its authority is derived from the United States Congress rather than from the inherent sovereignty of the states. The court is located in the former District of Columbia City Hall building at Judiciary Square. The D.C. Court of Appeals should not be confused with the District's federal appellate court, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. The D.C. Court of Appeals and the Superior Court of the District of Columbia comprise the District's local court system.

Powers[edit]

As the court of last resort for the District of Columbia, the Court of Appeals is authorized to review all final orders, judgments, and specified interlocutory orders of the associate judges of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, as well decisions of certain D.C. agencies. The court also has jurisdiction to review decisions of administrative agencies, boards, and commissions of the District government, as well as to answer questions of law presented by the Supreme Court of the United States, a United States court of appeals, or the highest appellate court of any state. As authorized by Congress, the court reviews proposed rules of the trial court and develops its own rules for proceedings.

Cases before the court are determined by randomly selected three-judge divisions, unless a hearing or rehearing before the court sitting en banc (with all judges present) is ordered. A hearing or rehearing before the court sitting en banc may be ordered by a majority of the judges in regular active service, generally only when consideration by the full court is necessary to maintain uniformity of its decisions, or when the case involves a question of exceptional importance. The en banc court consists of the nine judges of the court in regular active service, except that a retired judge may sit to rehear a case or controversy if he or she heard the original hearing. The Chief Judge may designate and assign temporarily one or more judges of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia to serve on the District of Columbia Court of Appeals when required.

Clinton taking oath as Secretary of State
District of Columbia Court of Appeals Associate Judge Kathryn A. Oberly observes as Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is sworn to office, while Bill Clinton holds the Bible.

Members of the court are empowered to adjudicate the oath of office ceremony for the executive cabinet of the President.

In the exercise of its inherent power over members of the legal profession, the court established the District of Columbia Bar and has the power to approve the rules governing attorney disciplinary proceedings. The court also reviews the rules of professional conduct and has established rules governing the admission of members of the District of Columbia Bar and the resolution of complaints concerning the unauthorized practice of law in the District of Columbia.

Judges[edit]

The court consists of a chief judge and eight associate judges. The court is assisted by the service of retired judges who have been recommended and approved as senior judges. Despite being the District's local appellate court, judges are appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate for 15-year terms.[1]

Active Judges[edit]

Judge First term began Current term ends Chief
Anna Blackburne-Rigsby[2] November 17, 2006[3] 2021 March 18, 2017[4] - present
Stephen H. Glickman[5] 1999[5] 2029 ——
John R. Fisher[6] January 6, 2006[7] 2021 ——
Phyllis D. Thompson[8] 2006[8] 2021 ——
Corinne A. Beckwith[9] February 3, 2012 [10] 2026 ——
Catharine F. Easterly[11] February 10, 2012[12] 2026 ——
Roy W. McLeese III[13] September 21, 2012[14] 2027 ——
vacant —— —— ——
vacant —— —— ——

There has been a vacant seat since the retirement of Judge Kathryn A. Oberly, effective November 1, 2013.[15] In February 2014, President Obama nominated Todd Kim to fill this vacancy, but his nomination never received a final vote in the Senate.[16] On April 30, 2015, President Obama re-nominated Kim to the position,[17] but the Senate declined again to act on that nomination.[18] A second seat became vacant when Chief Judge Eric T. Washington took senior status effective March 18, 2017.[19] On June 29, 2017, President Trump nominated Joshua A. Deahl to replace Washington.[20]

Senior Judges[edit]

The senior judges are William C. Pryor, Eric T. Washington, Frank Q. Nebeker, John M. Ferren, John M. Steadman, Michael W. Farrell, Vanessa Ruiz, and Inez Smith Reid.[21]

Former Judges[edit]


Judge Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for termination
Catherine B. Kelly 1918/1919-1995 1967-1983 - - Lyndon B. Johnson resignation


Austin L. Fickling 1914-1977 1968-1977 - - Lyndon B. Johnson death


John W. Kern III  ? 1968-1984 - 1984-2012 Lyndon B. Johnson retirement


George R. Gallagher 1915-2007 1968-1981 - 1981-2001 Lyndon B. Johnson retirement


Hubert Pair 1904-1999 1970-1974 - 1975-1988 Richard Nixon death


Gerard D. Reilly 1906-1995 1970-1976 1972-1976 1976-1995 Richard Nixon death


J. Walter Yeagley 1909-1990 1970-1979 - 1979-1984 Richard Nixon retirement


Stanley S. Harris 1927-present 1972-1982 - - Richard Nixon appointed United States Attorney for the District of Columbia


Julia Cooper Mack 1920-2014 1975-1989 - 1989-2001 Gerald Ford retirement


Theodore R. Newman, Jr. 1934-present 1976-1991 1976-1984 1991-2016 Gerald Ford retirement


James A. Belson 1931-present 1981-1991 - 1991-2017 Ronald Reagan retirement


John A. Terry 1933-present 1982-2006 - 2006-2016 Ronald Reagan retirement


Judith W. Rogers 1939-present 1983-1994 1988-1994 - Ronald Reagan appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit


Frank E. Schwelb 1932-2014 1988–2006 - 2006-2014 Ronald Reagan retirement


Annice M. Wagner 1937-present 1990-2005 1994-2005 2005-2013 George H.W. Bush retirement


Emmet G. Sullivan 1947-present 1991-1994 - - George H.W. Bush appointed to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia


Warren R. King 1937-present 1991-1998 - 1998-2016 George H.W. Bush retirement


Noël A. Kramer 1945-present 2005-2011 - - George W. Bush retirement


Kathryn A. Oberly 1950-present 2009-2013 - - George W. Bush resignation

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]