Districts of Bangladesh

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Districts of Bangladesh

The divisions of Bangladesh are divided into 64[1] districts or zila. The capital of a district is called a district seat (zila sadar). The districts are further subdivided into 493 sub-districts or upazila.

History[edit]

Before independence, Bangladesh (then known as East Pakistan) had 20 districts.

Administration[edit]

Deputy commissioner[edit]

A deputy commissioner (popularly abbreviated to "DC") is the executive head of the district. Deputy commissioners are appointed by the government from the deputy secretary BCS Administration Cadre.

District councils[edit]

A district council (or zila parishad) is a local government body at the district level.[2] The Bengali word parishad means council and zila parishad translates to district council.

The functions of a district council include construction and maintenance of roads, and bridges, building hospitals and dispensaries, schools and educational institutions, health facilities and sanitation, tube wells for drinking water, rest houses, and coordination of activities of the Union parishads within the district.

List of districts[edit]

Timeline of creation[edit]

1666
  • Chittagong district.[3]
1772
  • Rajshahi district.[4]
  • Dhaka district.
1781
  • Jessore district.[5]
3 January 1782
  • Sylhet district.[6]
1786
  • Dinajpur district.[7]
1787
  • Mymensingh district.[8]
1790
  • Comilla district.[9]
1797
  • Barisal district.[10]
1815
  • Faridpur district.[11]
1821
  • Noakhali district.[12]
  • Bogra district.[13]
1832
1860
  • Hill Tracts district is split from Chittagong district.[3]
1882
  • Khulna district.[15]
1947
  • Kushtia district.[16]
1969
  • Tangail district is split from Mymensingh district.[8]
  • Patuakhali district.[17]
1971
  • Dhaka Division: Dhaka district, Faridpur district, Mymensingh district, Tangail district
  • Chittagong Division: Hill Tracts district, Chittagong district, Comilla district, Noakhali district, Sylhet district, Cox's Bazar district
  • Rajshahi Division: Bogura district, Dinajpur district, Rajshahi district, Rangpur district, Pabna district
  • Khulna Division: Bakerganj district, Jessore district, Khulna district, Kushtia district, Patuakhali district
1978
  • Jamalpur district is split from Mymensingh district.[8]
1983
  • Joypurhat district was split from Bogra district.[13]
1 February 1984
  • Rangpur district.[18]
22 February 1984
  • Brahmanbaria district was split from Comilla district.
  • Sirajganj district was split from Pabna district.
  • Sherpur, Netrokona and Kishoreganj districts were split from Mymensingh district.[8]
  • Lakshmipur and Feni districts were split from Noakhali district.
  • Sunamganj, Habiganj and Maulvibazar districts were split from Sylhet district.[6]
  • Thakurgaon and Panchagarh districts were split from Dinajpur district.[7]
1 March 1984
  • Cox’s Bazar district.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "বাংলাদেশ জাতীয় তথ্য বাতায়ন - গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ সরকার". bangladesh.gov.bd.
  2. ^ Kamal Siddiqui. "Local Government". In Sirajul Islam (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ a b Harun, Jasim (2012). "Chittagong District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ Rahman, Md. (2012). "Rajshahi District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  5. ^ Siddiqui, Mahibullah (2012). "Jessore District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ a b Hossain, Ashfaq (2012). "Sylhet District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  7. ^ a b Hossain, Ashfaq (2012). "Dinajpur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  8. ^ a b c d "ময়মনসিংহ জেলা". http. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  9. ^ Siddiqi, Mamun (2012). "Comilla District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  10. ^ Islam, KAM (2012). "Barisal District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  11. ^ Reza, Masud (2012). "Faridpur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  12. ^ Lipi, Jahanara (2012). "Noakhali District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  13. ^ a b Haq, Md (2012). "Bogra District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  14. ^ Alam, Md (2012). "Pabna District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  15. ^ Mallik, Sandipak (2012). "Khulna District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  16. ^ Nehal, SM (2012). "Kushtia District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  17. ^ Jerin, Iffat (2012). "Patuakhali District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  18. ^ Sattar, Abdus (2012). "Rangpur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  19. ^ Siddiqi, Mohammad (2012). "Cox's_Bazar District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.