List of municipalities in Georgia (country)

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A municipality (Georgian: მუნიციპალიტეტი, munits'ipaliteti) is a subdivision of Georgia, consisting of a settlement or a group of settlements, which enjoys local self-government. There are two types of municipalities—self-governing cities (ქალაქი, k'alak'i), 12 in total, and self-governing communities (თემი, temi), 67 in total.[1]

Background[edit]

The municipalities were first established in 2006. Most of them were successors to the earlier subdivisions, known as raioni (რაიონი), "districts". In addition, new municipalities were formed to govern those settlements in the disputed entities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia that then remained under Georgia's control. After the Russo-Georgian War of 2008, Georgia treats these municipalities as parts of its occupied territories. The former districts not under Georgia's effective sovereignty at the moment of the local government reform of 2006 were not transformed into municipalities. Rather, the laws of Georgia include a notion that the final mode of subdivision and system of local self-government should be established after the restoration of the state jurisdiction over the occupied territories.[2][3] In 2014, the system of local government was further reformed and a total number of municipalities were increased at the expense of adding more self-governing cities. Each municipality is divided into administrative units (ადმინისტრაციული ერთეული), which can comprise one or several settlements.[4]

The municipalities outside the two autonomous republics of Adjara and of Abkhazia and the capital city of Tbilisi are grouped, on a provisional basis, into nine regions (mkhare): Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, and Shida Kartli.[2]

Alphabetical list of municipalities[edit]

Self-governing cities[edit]

Self-governing communities[edit]

Regions, municipalities, and districts of Georgia
Territorial unit as of 2017 Corresponding district as of 2006 Population
(01.01.2016 estimate)[5]
Georgia 3,720,400
Tbilisi, City of 1,113,000
Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia* n.a.****
1. Gagra, Community of* Gagra District* n.a.****
2. Gali, Community of* Gali District* n.a.****
3. Gudauta, Community of* Gudauta District* n.a.****
4. Gulripshi, Community of* Gulripshi District* n.a.****
5. Ochamchire, Community of* Ochamchire District* n.a.****
6. Sokhumi, Community of* Sokhumi District* n.a.****
Autonomous Republic of Adjara 337,000
1. Batumi, City of 154,600
2. Keda, Community of Keda District 16,900
3. Kobuleti, Community of Kobuleti District 75,200
4. Khelvachauri, Community of Khelvachauri District 51,700
5. Khulo, Community of Khulo District 23,500
6. Shuakhevi, Community of Shuakhevi District 15,100
region of Guria 113,000
1. Ozurgeti, City of Ozurgeti District 14,600
4. Chokhatauri, Municipality of Chokhatauri District 18,900
2. Lanchkhuti, Community of Lanchkhuti District 31,500
3. Ozurgeti, Community of Ozurgeti District 48,000
region of Imereti 532,900
1. Kutaisi, City of 147,900
2. Baghdati, Community of Baghdati District 21,500
3. Vani, Community of Vani District 24,500
4. Zestaponi, Community of Zestaponi District 57,500
5. Terjola, Community of Terjola District 35,400
6. Samtredia, Community of Samtredia District 48,500
7. Sachkhere, Community of** Sachkhere District** 37,800
8. Tkibuli, Community of Tkibuli District 20,600
9. Tsqaltubo, Community of Tskkaltubo District 56,600
10. Chiatura, Community of Chiatura District 39,800
11. Kharagauli, Community of Kharagauli District 19,400
12. Khoni, Community of Khoni District 23,400
region of Kakheti 318,400
1. Telavi, City of Telavi District 19,600
2. Akhmeta, Community of Akhmeta District 31,700
3. Gurjaani, Community of Gurjaani District 53,900
4. Dedoplis Tskaro, Community of Dedoplis Tskaro District 21,100
5. Telavi, Community of Telavi District 38,700
6. Lagodekhi, Community of Lagodekhi District 41,800
7. Sagarejo, Community of Sagarejo District 52,200
8. Sighnaghi, Community of 29,600
9. Qvareli, Community of Qvareli District 29,800
region of Mtskheta-Mtianeti 94,200
1. Mtskheta, City of Mtskheta District 7,900
2. Akhalgori, Community of** Akhalgori District** n.a.***
3. Dusheti, Community of Dusheti District 25,400
4. Tianeti, Community of Tianeti District 9,300
5. Mtskheta, Community of Mtskheta District 47,800
6. Kazbegi, Community of Kazbegi District 3,800
region of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti 31,500
1. Ambrolauri, City of 2,000
2. Ambrolauri, Community of Ambrolauri District 8,900
3. Lentekhi, Community of Lentekhi District 4,400
4. Oni, Community of** Oni District** 6,000
5. Tsageri, Community of Tsageri District 10,200
region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti* 329,700
1. Poti, City of 41,500
2. Zugdidi, City of Zugdidi District 42,700
3. Abasha, Community of Abasha District 22,100
4. Zugdidi, Community of Zugdidi District 62,500
5. Martvili, Community of Martvili District 33,300
6. Mestia, Community of Mestia District 9,400
7. Senaki, Community of Senaki District 39,500
8. Chkhorotsku, Community of District 22,200
9. Tsalenjikha, Community of Tsalenjikha District 26,100
10. Khobi, Community of Khobi District 30,400
region of Samtskhe-Javakheti 160,500
1. Akhaltsikhe, City of Akhaltsikhe District 18,000
2. Adigeni, Community of Adigeni District 16,500
3. Aspindza, Community of Aspindza District 10,400
4. Akhalkalaki, Community of Akhalkalaki District 45,200
5. Akhaltsikhe, Community of Akhaltsikhe District 20,800
6. Borjomi, Community of Borjomi District 25,100
7. Ninotsminda, Community of Ninotsminda District 24,500
region of Kvemo Kartli 426,400
1. Rustavi, City of 126,000
2. Bolnisi, Community of Bolnisi District 53,800
3. Gardabani, Community of Gardabani District 82,300
4. Dmanisi, Community of Dmanisi District 19,100
5. Tetri Tsqaro, Community of Tetritsqaro District 21,000
6. Marneuli, Community of Marneuli District 105,300
7. Tsalka, Community of Tsalka District 18,900
region of Shida Kartli 263,800
1. Gori, City of Gori District 48,300
2. Gori, Community of** Gori District** 77,800***
3. Kaspi, Community of Kaspi District 43,700
4. Kareli, Community of** Kareli District** 41,300***
5. Khashuri, Community of Khashuri District 52,700
6. Java , Community of** Java District** n.a.****
Georgian administrative divisions with Russian-occupied territories (Abkhazia and South Ossetia) shown in pink.

*– The territories of Abkhazia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.

**– These municipalities which include settlements in South Ossetia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.

***– Official statistics available only for those parts of the municipalities that are controlled by Georgia.

****– Official statistics are not available for the territories not under Georgia's control (Abkhazia and South Ossetia).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Registry of Municipalities". National Agency of Public Registry. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "ტერიტორიული მოწყობა და მმართველობა [Territorial Structure and Government]". Administration of the President of Georgia. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  3. ^ ადგილობრივი თვითმმართველობის კოდექსი [Code of Local Self-Government], Organic law No. 1958-IIს of 5 February 2014 (in Georgian). Retrieved on 9 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Transparency remains a challenge for self-governing cities". Transarency International Georgia. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "GeoStat.Ge". www.geostat.ge. Retrieved 2017-02-24.