List of municipalities in Georgia (country)

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A municipality (Georgian: მუნიციპალიტეტი, munits'ipaliteti) is a subdivision of Georgia, consisting of a settlement or a group of settlements, which enjoys local self-government. There are two types of municipalities—self-governing cities (ქალაქი, k'alak'i), 12 in total, and self-governing communities (თემი, t'emi), 64 in total.

Background[edit]

The municipalities were first established in 2006. Most of them were successors to the earlier subdivisions, known as raioni (რაიონი), "districts". In addition, new municipalities were formed to govern those settlements in the disputed entities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia that then remained under Georgia's control. After the Russo-Georgian War of 2008, Georgia treats these municipalities as parts of its occupied territories. The former districts not under Georgia's effective sovereignty at the moment of the local government reform of 2006 were not transformed into municipalities. Rather, the laws of Georgia include a notion that the final mode of subdivision and system of local self-government should be established after the restoration of the state jurisdiction over the occupied territories.[1][2] In 2014, the system of local government was further reformed and a total number of municipalities were increased at the expense of adding more self-governing cities. Each municipality is divided into administrative units (ადმინისტრაციული ერთეული), which can comprise one or several settlements.[3]

The municipalities outside the two autonomous republics of Adjara and of Abkhazia and the capital city of Tbilisi are grouped, on a provisional basis, into nine regions (mkhare): Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, and Shida Kartli.[1]

Alphabetical list of municipalities[edit]

Municipalities of Georgia

Self-governing cities[edit]

  1. Akhaltsikhe
  2. Ambrolauri
  3. Batumi
  4. Gori
  5. Kutaisi
  6. Mtskheta
  7. Ozurgeti
  8. Poti
  9. Rustavi
  10. Tbilisi
  11. Telavi
  12. Zugdidi

Self-governing communities[edit]

Regions, municipalities, and districts of Georgia
Territorial unit as of 2015 Corresponding district as of 2006 Population
(01.01.2010 estimate)[4]
Georgia 4,394,700
Tbilisi, City of 1,152,500
Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia* n.a.****
1. Gagra* n.a.****
2. Gali* n.a.****
3. Gudauta* n.a.****
Azhara, Community of* 4. Gulripshi* n.a.****
5. Ochamchire* n.a.****
6. Sokhumi* n.a.****
Autonomous Republic of Adjara 386,900
1. Batumi, City of 123,500
2. Keda, Community of Keda District 20,200
3. Kobuleti, Community of Kobuleti District 91,100
4. Khelvachauri, Community of Khelvachauri District 94,000
5. Khulo, Community of Khulo District 35,500
6. Shuakhevi, Community of Shuakhevi District 22,600
region of Guria 139,800
1. Ozurgeti, City of Ozurgeti District
4. Chokhatauri, Municipality of Chokhatauri District 23,000
2. Lanchkhuti, Community of Lanchkhuti District 38,900
3. Ozurgeti, Community of Ozurgeti District 77,900
region of Imereti 700,400
1. Kutaisi, City of 192,500
2. Baghdati, Community of Baghdati District 28,700
3. Vani, Community of Vani District 33,800
4. Zestaponi, Community of Zestaponi District 75,400
5. Terjola, Community of Terjola District 45,000
6. Samtredia, Community of Samtredia District 60,300
7. Sachkhere, Community of Sachkhere District 47,300
8. Tkibuli, Community of Tkibuli District 30,100
9. Tskaltubo, Community of Tskkaltubo District 73,600
10. Chiatura, Community of Chiatura District 55,000
11. Kharagauli, Community of Kharagauli District 27,500
12. Khoni, Community of Khoni District 31,200
region of Kakheti 404,500
1. Telavi, City of Telavi District 42,000
2. Akhmeta, Community of Akhmeta District 42,000
3. Gurjaani, Community of Gurjaani District 70,500
4. Dedoplis Tskaro, Community of Dedoplis Tskaro District 30,500
5. Telavi, Community of Telavi District 70,500
6. Lagodekhi, Community of Lagodekhi District 51,800
7. Sagarejo, Community of Sagarejo District 59,400
8. Sighnaghi, Community of 43,300
8. Qvareli, Community of Qvareli District 37,100
region of Mtskheta-Mtianeti 108,800
1. Mtskheta, City of Mtskheta District
2. Akhalgori, Community of Akhalgori District n.a.***
3. Dusheti, Community of Dusheti District 33,800
4. Tianeti, Community of Tianeti District 13,200
5. Mtskheta, Community of Mtskheta District 56,900
6. Kazbegi, Community of Kazbegi District 4,900
region of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti 47,600
1. Ambrolauri, City of 14,500
2. Ambrolauri, Community of Ambrolauri District 14,500
3. Lentekhi, Community of Lentekhi District 9,000
4. Oni, Community of Oni District 8,500
5. Tsageri, Community of Tsageri District 15,600
region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti* 474,100
1. Poti, City of 47,700
2. Zugdidi, City of Zugdidi District
3. Abasha, Community of Abasha District 27,800
4. Zugdidi, Community of Zugdidi District 175,000
5. Martvili, Community of Martvili District 44,700
6. Mestia, Community of Mestia District 14,500
7. Senaki, Community of Senaki District 52,300
8. Chkhorotsku, Community of District 30,300
8. Tsalenjikha, Community of Tsalenjikha District 40,500
9. Khobi, Community of Khobi District 41,300
region of Samtskhe-Javakheti 211,300
1. Akhaltsikhe, City of Akhaltsikhe District
2. Adigeni, Community of Adigeni District 20,700
3. Aspindza, Community of Aspindza District 12,900
4. Akhalkalaki, Community of Akhalkalaki District 63,700
4. Akhaltsikhe, Community of Akhaltsikhe District 47,700
5. Borjomi, Community of Borjomi District 31,700
6. Ninotsminda, Community of Ninotsminda District 34,600
region of Kvemo Kartli 499,900
1. Rustavi, City of 119,500
2. Bolnisi, Community of Bolnisi District 77,800
3. Gardabani, Community of Gardabani District 97,600
4. Dmanisi, Community of Dmanisi District 28,500
5. Tetritsqaro, Community of Tetritsqaro District 27,700
6. Marneuli, Community of Marneuli District 126,300
7. Tsalka, Community of Tsalka District 22,500
region of Shida Kartli 310,600
1. Gori, City of Gori District
2. Gori, Community of Gori District** 144,100***
3. Kaspi, Community of Kaspi District 52,600
4. Kareli, Community of Kareli District** 51,600***
5. Khashuri, Community of Khashuri District 62,300
Java District** n.a.****
6. Eredvi, Community of** Gori District****
7. Kurta, Community of** Gori District****
8. Tigva, Community of** Kareli District****

*– The territories of Abkhazia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.

**– These municipalities which include settlements in South Ossetia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.

***– Official statistics available only for those parts of the municipalities that are controlled by Georgia.

****– Official statistics are not available for the territories not under Georgia's control (Abkhazia and South Ossetia).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ტერიტორიული მოწყობა და მმართველობა [Territorial Structure and Government]". Administration of the President of Georgia. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  2. ^ ადგილობრივი თვითმმართველობის კოდექსი [Code of Local Self-Government], Organic law No. 1958-IIს of 5 February 2014 (in Georgian). Retrieved on 9 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Transparency remains a challenge for self-governing cities". Transarency International Georgia. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Department of Statistics Under Ministry of Economic Development of Georgia