List of districts in Turkey

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Districts of Turkey
Türkiye'nin İlçeleri (Turkish)
Map of the administrative divisions of Turkey.svg
CategoryUnitary state
LocationRepublic of Turkey
Number973
Populations1,615 (Yalıhüyük)-Konya Province – 957,398 (Esenyurt)-Istanbul
Areas5.2 km2 (2 sq mi) (Güngören)-Istanbul – 3,710 km2 (1,432 sq mi) (Karaman)-Karaman Province
Government
Subdivisions

The 81 provinces of Turkey are divided into 973 districts (ilçeler; sing. ilçe). In the early Turkish Republic and in the Ottoman Empire, the corresponding unit was the kaza.

Most provinces bear the same name as their respective provincial capital districts. However, many urban provinces, designated as greater municipalities, have a center consisting of multiple districts, such as the provincial capital of Ankara province, The City of Ankara, comprising nine separate districts.[1] Additionally four provinces, Kocaeli, Sakarya, İçel and Hatay have their capital district named differently from their province, as İzmit, Adapazarı, Mersin and Antakya respectively.[2]

A district may cover both rural and urban areas. In many provinces, one district of a province is designated the central district (merkez ilçe) from which the district is administered. The central district is administered by an appointed provincial deputy governor and other non-central districts by an appointed sub-governor (kaymakam) from their district center (ilçe merkezi) municipality. In these central districts the district center municipality also serves as the provincial center municipality. Both the deputy governor and sub-governors are responsible to the province governor (vali). Greater Municipalities, however, are administrated differently where a separate seat of municipality exists for the entire province, having administrative power over all districts of the province.

Local government[edit]

Municipalities (belediye) can be created in, and are subordinate to, the districts in which they are located. Each district has at least one municipality (belde) in the district center from which both the municipal government for that municipality and the district government is administered. A municipality is headed by an elected mayor (belediye başkanı) who administers the local government for defined municipal matters. More and more settlements which are outside district centers have municipalities as well, usually because their population requires one. A municipality's borders usually correspond to that of the urban settlement it covers, but may also include some undeveloped land.

Villages (köy) outside municipalities and quarters or neighborhoods (mahalle) within municipalities are the lowest level of local government, and are also the most numerous unit of local government in Turkey. They elect muhtars to care for specific administrative matters such as residence registration. The designation slightly differs (köy muhtarı for village muhtar, mahalle muhtarı for quarter muhtar) and the tasks, which are largely similar but are adapted to their locality.

Greater municipalities (büyükşehir belediyesi) exist for large cities like İstanbul and İzmir that consist of an extra administrative layer run by an elected head mayor, who oversee the municipalities and mayors within the province. Currently, 30 provinces are administrated by greater municipalities in addition to having separate municipalities for every district within the province.

List of districts with population[edit]

The districts and their populations (as of December 31, 2019) are listed below, by region and by province (with capital district in bold text).

Aegean Region[edit]

Aydın Subregion[edit]

Aydın Province[edit]
Districts of Aydın
Denizli Province[edit]
Districts of Denizli
Muğla Province[edit]
Districts of Muğla

İzmir Subregion[edit]

İzmir Province[edit]
Districts of İzmir

Manisa Subregion[edit]

Afyonkarahisar Province[edit]
Districts of Afyonkarahisar
Kütahya Province[edit]
Districts of Kütahya
Manisa Province[edit]
Districts of Manisa
Uşak Province[edit]
Districts of Uşak

Central Anatolia[edit]

Kayseri Subregion[edit]

Kayseri Province[edit]
Districts of Kayseri
Sivas Province[edit]
Districts of Sivas
Yozgat Province[edit]
Districts of Yozgat

Kırıkkale Subregion[edit]

Aksaray Province[edit]
Districts of Aksaray
Kırıkkale Province[edit]
Districts of Kırıkkale
Kırşehir Province[edit]
Districts of Kırşehir
Nevşehir Province[edit]
Districts of Nevşehir
Niğde Province[edit]
Districts of Niğde

Central-Eastern Anatolia[edit]

Malatya Subregion[edit]

Bingöl Province[edit]
Districts of Bingöl
Elazığ Province[edit]
Districts of Elazığ
Malatya Province[edit]
Districts of Malatya
Tunceli Province[edit]
Districts of Tunceli

Van Subregion[edit]

Bitlis Province[edit]
Districts of Bitlis
Hakkâri Province[edit]
Districts of Hakkâri


Muş Province[edit]
Districts of Muş
Van Province[edit]
Districts of Van

Eastern Black Sea Region[edit]

Ordu Subregion[edit]

Giresun Province[edit]
Districts of Giresun
Gümüşhane Province[edit]
Districts of Gümüşhane
Ordu Province[edit]
Districts of Ordu

Trabzon Subregion[edit]

Artvin Province[edit]
Districts of Artvin
Rize Province[edit]
Districts of Rize
Trabzon Province[edit]
Districts of Trabzon

Eastern Marmara Region[edit]

Bursa Subregion[edit]

Bilecik Province[edit]
Districts of Bilecik
Bursa Province[edit]
Districts of Bursa
Eskişehir Province[edit]
Districts of Eskişehir

Kocaeli Subregion[edit]

Bolu Province[edit]
Districts of Bolu
Düzce Province[edit]
Districts of Düzce
Kocaeli Province[edit]
Districts of Kocaeli
Sakarya Province[edit]
Districts of Sakarya
Yalova Province[edit]
Districts of Yalova

Istanbul Region[edit]

Istanbul Subregion[edit]

Istanbul Province[edit]
Districts of İstanbul

Mediterranean Region[edit]

Adana Subregion[edit]

Adana Province[edit]
Districts of Adana
Mersin Province[edit]
Districts of Mersin

Antalya Subregion[edit]

Antalya Province[edit]
Districts of Antalya
Burdur Province[edit]
Districts of Burdur
Isparta Province[edit]
Districts of Isparta

Hatay Subregion[edit]

Hatay Province[edit]
Districts of Hatay
Kahramanmaraş Province[edit]
Districts of Kahramanmaraş
Osmaniye Province[edit]
Districts of Osmaniye

Northeast Anatolia[edit]

Ağrı Subregion[edit]

Ağrı Province[edit]
Districts of Ağrı
Ardahan Province[edit]
Districts of Ardahan
Iğdır Province[edit]
Districts of Iğdır
Kars Province[edit]
Districts of Kars

Erzurum Subregion[edit]

Bayburt Province[edit]
Districts of Bayburt
Erzincan Province[edit]
Districts of Erzincan
Erzurum Province[edit]
Districts of Erzurum

Southeastern Anatolia[edit]

Gaziantep Subregion[edit]

Adıyaman Province[edit]
Districts of Adıyaman
Gaziantep Province[edit]
Districts of Gaziantep
Kilis Province[edit]
Districts of Kilis

Mardin Subregion[edit]

Batman Province[edit]
Districts of Batman
Mardin Province[edit]
Districts of Mardin
Şırnak Province[edit]
Districts of Şırnak
Siirt Province[edit]
Districts of Siirt

Şanlıurfa Subregion[edit]

Diyarbakır Province[edit]
Districts of Diyarbakır
Şanlıurfa Province[edit]
Districts of Şanlıurfa

Western Anatolia[edit]

Ankara Subregion[edit]

Ankara Province[edit]
Districts of Ankara

Konya Subregion[edit]

Karaman Province[edit]
Districts of Karaman
Konya Province[edit]
Districts of Konya

Western Black Sea Region[edit]

Kastamonu Subregion[edit]

Çankırı Province[edit]
Districts of Çankırı
Kastamonu Province[edit]
Districts of Kastamonu
Sinop Province[edit]
Districts of Sinop

Samsun Subregion[edit]

Amasya Province[edit]
Districts of Amasya
Çorum Province[edit]
Districts of Çorum
Samsun Province[edit]
Districts of Samsun
Tokat Province[edit]
Districts of Tokat

Zonguldak Subregion[edit]

Bartın Province[edit]
Districts of Bartın
Karabük Province[edit]
Districts of Karabük
Zonguldak Province[edit]
Districts of Zonguldak

Western Marmara Region[edit]

Balıkesir Subregion[edit]

Balıkesir Province[edit]
Districts of Balıkesir
Çanakkale Province[edit]
Districts of Çanakkale

Tekirdağ Subregion[edit]

Edirne Province[edit]
Districts of Edirne
Kırklareli Province[edit]
Districts of Kırklareli
Tekirdağ Province[edit]
Districts of Tekirdağ

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ankara ilinin ilçeleri ve merkez ilçeleri".
  2. ^ "İki İsimli İllerimiz ve İsmi Değiştirilen İllerimiz".